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The Finders: Additional Info

2020.11.26 00:44 pijinglish The Finders: Additional Info

An earlier post today by u/marienbad titled The Finders of Lost Children discussed the long held conspiracy theories and mysteries surrounding a group of people known as The Finders. That post gives a much more detailed overview of the common points that are typically brought up whenever someone mentions The Finders.
TL;DR (but you really should R): In 1987, a van with a bunch of dirty kids being driven by two men in business suits was spotted in a park in Tallahassee, FL. The men were arrested and the children were taken into custody. When it turned out the men belonged to a strange group of people from Washington, DC who were called The Finders, it set off an investigation and media storm that claimed everything from devil worship to child sex trafficking.
I'm going to do my best to give some additional information, but it will likely be unsatisfactory to some as I'm not trying to doxx these people who were children when this happened to them. So take it as you will.
Some quick background info on The Finders that is often left out or overlooked when it's much easier to make broad claims about satanic child abuse: The group had been around since the late 1960's to early 1970's, though it's leader, Marion Pettie ("The Gamecaller"), had been holding salons of one sort or another in DC for decades before that. When the van story broke in 1987, The Finders' public spokesman was Robert Terrell, who was later interviewed for a Washington City Paper article:
"In 1971, Terrell had a pretty hefty chunk of the American dream: Married with children, the 35-year-old venture capitalist and CPA had a house in Chevy Chase; he was making nearly $200,000 a year. He owned a farm in West Virginia and half of an oil company, among other holdings. Less than a year later, Terrell had left his family and joined the Finders. “I was looking for a more meaningful life,” he recalls. “I had already made a pretty big pile of money and I couldn’t go on just making more, there wasn’t really much point in that. Pettie offered a more personalized life, more community-oriented, re-establishing the kind of extended family that the human species evolved under. — In the early days, the group resembled an extended family, but the real attraction for Terrell was self-realization. “Pettie used the term ‘pressure cooker,’” he says. “The idea was to explore your own person and discover your own true nature. You can’t do that just sitting at a desk or on a couch in a routine way. You have to have some experiences, so Pettie was good at structuring experiences from which you could learn. He called himself the ‘game caller,’ and what that meant was that he’d call a game for you to do something where you’d gain experience.” For Terrell, game playing ranged from working a temp accounting job in a downtown D.C. law firm to catching a flight to Japan on two hours’ notice to gather information on Japanese companies and report back to Pettie. It was a subculture built on whimsy and intrigue, undergirded by a sense of tribal affiliation. “Early on, we were focused on trying to build a community that was based on old-fashioned principles of loyalty,” he says. When my questions drift into the sexual dynamics of the Finders, Terrell gets angry: “If you want to write a scholarly piece about the group in the historical context of the Shakers and the Oneida communities, fine, but for a newspaper article, I don’t want to get into that—that’s sensationalism.”
Around 1973, Terrell purchased two properties on W Street in DC which became The Finders' group house. Regarding "sexual dynamics", women slept in one house and men slept in another. While couples did develop, there was a bit of a free love vibe, but women were in control of partnering. When a woman decided she wanted to sleep with someone she'd let them know and the man would join her for a night or however long things lasted. (From what I can tell about these relationships, the women were typically a few years older than the men, though that's a generalization.)
By and large, The Finders were well educated and generally well off. Many were involved with computers long before that was a common occurrence. For instance, Stuart Silverstone, who was found by police living at the W Street residence in 1987, was in 1968 a faculty member at MIT who taught "Computers in Architecture", "a course in computer applications in architecture and game teaching." Other members, like John Cox (who was briefly married to Finders matriarch Barbara Sylvester), founded companies like General Scientific, which handled classified defense contracts.
There were more than a few Finders who were involved in either government or military work at points in their lives. Whether this connects to anything necessarily nefarious or is simply the result of smart people living in the DC area during the Cold War is a longer discussion for a different time, but it should be noted. The Finders were somewhat obsessed with compiling information, either as part of their "games" or perhaps having something to do with Marion Pettie's own military and/or (alleged) CIA ties. When the Finders' warehouse was raided in 1987, police found all sorts of computer equipment and books that raised eyebrows. This was what the Finders referred to as their Information Bank.
In a 1994 article by Daniel Brandt titled Marion Pettie and his Washington DC "Finders": Kooks or Spooks?, Brandt writes:
In August 1984, two twenty-something young men wearing ties knocked on my door and gave their names: Steve Usdin and Jeff Ubois. A tiny newsletter had mentioned the database I was developing, and they were interested. They began pumping me on my activities and associates, and took notes. Their questions reflected a familiarity with obscure leftist personalities and publications that is found only among seasoned activists, and even more curiously, they expressed no politics of their own. Usdin and Ubois had to be "sent men."
But they wanted to be helpful. My own attempts to interest progressives in my project had been met with quizzical looks, because at the time most leftists were still using typewriters. These two fellows at least knew all about microcomputing. So I rewarded them with the first edition of what today is called NameBase. At the same time I mentioned that I needed the IBM BASIC compiler to get the program transferred from CP/M, and a few weeks later they came by with just what I needed, complete with a photocopied manual in a binder. I probably should have asked them for new computers and an office.
They said their group went by the name of "Information Bank," and they wanted to approach certain organizations in the Washington DC area and volunteer their technical skills. The following June I visited their warehouse headquarters and met Randolph A. Winn and Robert M. Meyer. I asked questions about who or what was behind it all, but their answers were evasive. From their perspective, I was a potential recruit.
In July 1985 I got a call from Kris Jacobs, a DC activist who did research on the right-wing. She said that Ubois was caught looking in her office files, and when she confronted him, he claimed to be from the National Journalism Center. Since NJC is a right-wing group that was then doing research on the left, his answer didn't pacify her. Ubois had been dropping my name to talk his way into certain places, so Ms. Jacobs wasn't happy with my excuses either. I alerted two other organizations who were getting assistance from the Information Bank. The next time Ubois came over in early 1986, I casually brought up the name "National Journalism Center" in a different context, and asked him if he had ever heard of it. "Nope." That's when I opened my own file on the Information Bank.
Louis Wolf helped me check crisscross directories and we visited the recorder of deeds. Several group names were listed under each address, and the two properties we knew about were both in the name of Robert G. Terrell, Jr. While returning from the recorder of deeds office, cross my heart, we spotted Usdin walking with an older man. He didn't see us so we followed them on foot for about two miles like Keystone Kops (they kept stopping at store windows), but eventually lost them. Sometime later Ubois dropped in on Wolf (they never call ahead) and whipped out a business card that read "Hong Kong Business Today." He wanted to know how to get a visa for Vietnam. It was clear by then that most group members were world-class travelers, which included travel to numerous Eastern Bloc countries. It was all a game to them. This was a small group -- perhaps 40 adults -- but they had no visible income to support their far-flung activities.
In February 1987, two young men from the group were arrested in Tallahassee, Florida because the van they were driving contained six children with dirty faces. The term "child abuse" was trumpeted in all of the media, all over the country, for several days. Customs, the FBI, and DC police raided three group properties and made off with their files and computers. The group (it was a "cult" to the media) was called the "Finders" (years earlier they had been known as the "Seekers"), and it was run by Marion David Pettie, then 67 years old. At least now I knew who the older man was and I had another name for the group. No charges were filed and the children were soon returned to their mothers in the group. After realizing that they had been feeding on a nonstory, the media suddenly dropped everything with no apologies. I called the Washington Post city desk at the height of the hysteria and explained that there was another angle, but when their reporter called back he was only being polite.
Three years later I obtained a three-page nongovernment memo of undetermined origin that summarizes Pettie's intelligence links. Most of it seems to check out. According to this memo, Pettie began his career with assorted OSS contacts, served as a chauffeur to General Ira Eaker, became a protege of Charles Marsh (an intimate of FDR and LBJ who ran his own private intelligence network), and was trained in counterintelligence in Baltimore and Frankfurt, Germany. His wife worked for the CIA, and Pettie himself was run by Col. Leonard N. Weigner (whose September 1990 Washington Post obituary confirms that his career was spent in air force intelligence and the CIA). Pettie's case officer was Major George Varga, who relayed Weigner's instructions until Varga died in the 1970s. The memo says that on Weigner's advice Pettie resigned from the military and surrounded himself with "kooks" so that he could infiltrate the "beat," human potential, and now the New Age movements.
Okay, so file this memo under "P" for "Paranoia." Except that in December 1993, first the Washington Times (which was picked up by AP), and then U.S. News and World Report, both carried essentially the same story. It seems that the Finders investigation was stopped cold shortly after it started in 1987, and now the Justice Department has formed a task force to figure out what's going on. Why was it stopped? This is from an internal "Memo to File" written by a Customs agent who participated in the raids, dated 13 April 1987:
CIA made one contact and admitted to owning the Finders organization ...but that it had "gone bad." ... [I was advised] the investigation into the activity of the Finders had become a CIA internal matter. The MPD [DC police] report has been classified Secret and was not available for review. I was advised that the FBI had withdrawn from the investigation several weeks prior and that the FBI Foreign Counterintelligence Division had directed MPD not to advise the FBI Washington Field Office of anything that had transpired. No further information will be available. No further action will be taken.
If Pettie and The Finders were some front for the CIA, it remains unclear to me what the actual purpose was. Were the members who played Pettie's games somehow witting or unwitting spies?
"Games" played a central role inside the Finders, and it was often difficult to know when the members were playing out some fantasy and when they were not, ex-associates said. The Finders' tendency to abandon jobs and homes at a moment's notice could complicate law enforcement efforts to find the group's members, who were gone from their Washington bases when police arrived Thursday, sources said. Sometimes they approached businesses -- from a major Washington law firm to a leftist think tank -- and offered their expertise in computer programming and other services, sources said. Other times the group went through the motions of setting up a business, sometimes printing up phony business cards. Some members used up to 20 aliases, ex-associates said.
Terrell called Finders' leader Marion Pettie "my entertainer. He provides me with a model of somebody who is never satisfied with the status quo and he inspires me upward and he keeps me laughing as I go.” Pettie, an Air Force master sergeant who retired in 1956 and bought extensive woodland property in rural Madison County, Va., started the Finders in the late 1960s as a communal experiment characteristic of the period. He sought intelligent, well-educated people who could discuss the latest thought in philosophy, psychology and human development. The Finders eschewed counterculture music and drugs, former associates said. While they maintained an open-door policy at their Washington house and Virginia farms, many of the drifters and hippies who came for free food quickly left because of the emphasis on serious conversation and work.
"It used to be an organization of dropout professionals who didn't know what to do with their lives," said one former associate. "But it took a bad turn.” In the early 1980s, Pettie's close friend and second-in-command, known by the group as Barbara Sylvester, who was in her forties, died at the Finders' W Street house after she did not receive medical help for appendicitis. The death apparently placed Pettie into a gloomy mood and led to a shift in the group's tone. The Finders became increasingly secretive, hostile and arrogant toward nonmembers, former associates said. Members engaged in long self-criticism sessions, exposing painful emotional inadequacies to the group. Members stopped seeing relatives and friends who were not in the group; former associates found themselves shunned or treated brusquely. It was amid this blend of surliness and somber planning for the future that the community began to raise its new generation, children who were shared by numerous parents yet nurtured by no one in particular, ex-associates said."
...Former members of the Finders said that the six children found in Tallahassee are sons and daughters of group members, the result of a deliberate binge of child-bearing among group women in the past few years, after about 10 years of freewheeling relationships in which they deliberately avoided having children, former associates said. A number of the older members of the Finders, people in their forties or fifties, had careers or families before but left them behind to take part in the group. Looking back, most of them regarded their old lives as uninteresting and their children and former spouses as too conventional, according to former group associates and relatives of current members. Pettie and his followers agreed about 1980 that they should start a new generation of children and raise them in an experimental way, the sources said. The biological parents would not raise them; the group would. But in reality the children were largely ignored by the members, with responsibility for their care considered drudgery, former members said. "It was an undesirable job in the group," said a person who quit several years ago. "They were trying to keep the kids out of their hair . . . . The theory was the children should have a lot of abundance . . . . But they were terrible at putting it into practice.” In a telephone interview last night, a man who identified himself as Robert Gardner Terrell, 50, the owner of two Washington buildings used by the Finders, said the group included 20 adults and six children, and tried to provide children with "the richest life they could have."
"Children always come first in our organization," he said. "We're trying to create a model that could be followed by other persons who want to raise free children . . . . “ The commune children were so dirty and full of sores on their bodies that they were not allowed to play with other children on the playground at Stoddert School near the W Street residence, former associates said. Group members had taken the children there to encourage them to play with nongroup youngsters, but the two groups did not mix because the Finders' children could hardly communicate with the others, one ex-associate said. All the commune's former participants who were interviewed agreed that they knew nothing about child abuse in the organization, though members may sometimes have ignored the children or even mistreated them.
According to Terrell, The Finders created a sort of Garden of Eden for the children on land they owned in rural Virginia. By making walls of brush and branches, they built a play pen several acres long and wide, with fields, forest, and streams for the nude children to do whatever they wanted in, left to their own devices. Finders watched the children from afar with binoculars, but otherwise didn't interfere. When the children were indoors, adults walked around on their knees so as to not intimidate the kids. And Pettie insisted that the adults speak to the children nonsensically, so the kids could figure things out for themselves. Additionally, Pettie and the adults created "games" for the kids to play which were often life parables in which prizes like apples were given to the winners. We're told the goal, misguided though the methods may have been, was to rear creative and independent children unlike those raised on cartoons and frozen dinners.
It was the group who raised the children, not individual parents, and Pettie wanted the kids weaned off of their mothers. In December of 1986, the women of the group left for a game that Pettie called in California. With the mothers' consent, the six children left for warmer weather with three men in the group, Michael Holwell, Douglas Ammerman, Stan Berns (an architect), and Kenny Rogers (a landscape designer). Holwell was the father of one of the children, though due to The Finders' views on fatherhood, his specific role as "father" may have been unclear. According to Terrell, the men and children drove from Washington, DC to Berea, KY where they hoped to help in the construction of a religious community called New Hope, run by Rev. Jim Wyker. [A photo of the undeveloped property can be seen here.] The Orlando Sentinel reported:

While asserting in a telephone interview Saturday night that he had no connection with the Finders, Wyker described them favorably and confirmed that group members had been in Berea last month. The children, he added, "were healthy, very well fed, and loved like they were in a family.” The memo named a man and woman from Spring Grove, Pa., who it said helped with child care on the trip to Berea. The woman, who identified herself as True Marks, said after being reached at a telephone number supplied by Terrell that members of the group "took very good care" of the children and "never hit them or abused them in any way.” According to Terrell's memo, "it was thought" that the children would be enrolled in a Montessori school in Berea for the duration of the project. He said the children's mothers "are now in San Francisco working in business offices, earning money to help pay for 'New Hope.’ "After finding that preparations for Kentucky groundbreaking were incomplete, Terrell said, the men took the children to Florida on a vacation and camping trip "with the full applause and approval of the children's mothers.”
While in Florida, the dirty children were observed with Ammerman and Holwell, and from there the story took off. On February 4, 1987, the men were arrested and the children put in protective custody. The Finders were already an odd lot by mainstream standards, but adding fuel to the fire were a collection of photographs found in their DC warehouse showing a goat being slaughtered in front of the naked children. Terrell explains this was simply to educate the kids about where their food came from. Given the complete lack of other "satanic" evidence, I'm inclined to believe him.
All of the children were eventually returned to their parents and the charges dropped. According to Finders at the time, this incident was the breaking point of an already struggling experiment and The Finders were no more. The properties in DC were sold, Marion Pettie moved to his farm in Virginia, and The Finders scattered to the winds. In 1991, Terrell said, “The vision of the group shifted, and the nature of the group shifted from an idealistic utopian community to more of a military-like organization where following orders became more important than the vision.”
But rumors of a devil worshiping cult of child sex traffickers dominate stories about The Finders to this day. What ever became of The Finders, and the mysterious children in the van?
During reporting at the time, the children were identified as Mary, 7; her brother John Paul, 2; Max, 6; Benjamin Franklin, 4; Honeybee, 3; and Bebe, 2. (According to Terrell, the children were allowed to name themselves.)
Mary and John Paul's parents were Paula and James Michael Holwell (who was one of the two men arrested while driving the van). Paula and James were married in 1982 and listed their address as 3918-20 W Street, Washington DC, which is widely known as The Finder's group house.
Max's mother was Patricia. (I believe I know who the father is, but that remains unconfirmed.)
Benjamin Franklin's parents were Kristin and Steve Usdin.
Honeybee's mother was Judith. (I believe I know who the father is, but that remains unconfirmed.)
Bebe's parents were Carolyn and Jeff Ubois.
While The Finders officially disbanded among a string of lawsuits to redistribute the income they'd shared for decades, upon closer examination many of them more likely just escaped the influence of Marion Pettie. Records show that several of The Finders continued to live together in group houses or small communities from Florida to California well into the early 2000's. (Terrell ran a vegan bakery in central Florida for a number of years.) While they can't show the whole story, yearbooks and newspaper articles show the children attending schools and colleges, and the ones I've tracked down seem to be doing well by outward appearances — at the very least they haven't disappeared into satanic dungeon somewhere.
Mary can be seen at age 10 talking about saving sea turtles. At age 12, she writes about Earth Day. In high school, she performed Shakespearean monologues. And today, she works for a division of NASA.
Max grew up with his mother in California in a Finders group home. His father, I think, stayed in Virginia with Marion Pettie. Today, Max runs a landscaping design business.
Bebe appears to have grown up in the same house as Max. He has since changed his name and is CEO an internet company.
There's no indication the children were trafficked or were ever intended to be. However strange or unorthodox their childhoods were, the children are alive to this day and seem to be doing quite well.
Plenty of mysteries about The Finders remain, but I think we can put the satanic sex cult rumors to rest.
submitted by pijinglish to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


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2020.11.20 23:10 creepermarcer [Serious] 2020 NBA Free Agent Tracker

EDIT: Oops, I've been super busy for the past few days — will get to updating soon! I'm sorry everyone.
EDIT2: Fully updated now. Yay!
Template courtesy of duneboggler, the Reddit NBA Table GOAT.28
Most data is from either /NBA or https://www.spotrac.com.

Other Important Threads

  1. 2020-21 NBA Free Agents and Team Roster Tracker by MrMittenz
  2. NBA Salary Cap FAQ

Key Upcoming Dates

November 18 2020 NBA Draft
November 20 Start of moratorium (6 PM ET)
November 22 Start of free agency (signings can officially take place)
December 11 NBA Preseason Begins

Signings

Day Player New Team Yrs ($M) Source Old Team Pos Age Type 2019-20 Salary
7 Alize Johnson TOR ?? ?? Woj IND
7 Henry Ellenson TOR 2 ?? Murphy
7 Tyler Johnson BKN ?? ?? NY Post BKN
7 JJ Barea DAL 1 2.6 Charania DAL
6 Jae'Sean Tate HOU 3 ?? ESPN NA NA
6 Frank Kaminsky SAC 1 ?? Woj
6 Zach Norvell CHI 1 ?? Woj
6 DaQuan Jeffries SAC 2 3 Charania SAC
6 Derrick Walton Jr. PHI 1 ?? Woj
6 Nik Stauskas MIL 1 ?? Lowe
6 Kelan Martin IND 2 ?? Woj
6 Noah Vonleh CHI 1 ?? Woj
5 Hassan Whiteside SAC 1 ?? Woj POR C
5 Wayne Ellington DET 1 2.6 Woj NYK SG 32 UFA $7,500,000
5 Frank Jackson OKC ?? ?? Woj NOP PG 22 UFA $1,517,363
5 Ryan Broekhoff PHI ?? ?? Woj DAL SF 30 UFA $163,356
4 Bol Bol DEN 2 4.2 Charania DEN C 21 RFA NA
4 DeMarcus Cousins HOU 1 ?? Charania, Charania LAL C 30 UFA $3,500,000
4 Langston Galloway PHX ?? ?? Scotto DET SG 28 UFA $6,875,000
4 Matthew Dellavedova CLE ?? ?? Uluc CLE PG 30 UFA $9,007,031
4 Alex Len TOR ?? ?? Charania ATL C 27 UFA $2,514,802
4 Markieff Morris LAL ?? ?? Charania LAL PF 31 UFA $1,750,000
4 Damyean Dotson CLE 2 4 Woj NYK SG 26 UFA $1,517,363
4 Solomon Hill ATL 1 ?? Woj MIA SF 29 UFA $11,961,357
4 Dario Saric PHX 3 27 Woj PHX PF 26 RFA $3,264,362
3 DeAndre' Bembry TOR 2 4 Schefter ATL SF 26 UFA $2,441,233
3 Chris Boucher TOR 2 13.5 Woj TOR PF 27 RFA $1,488,967
3 Aron Baynes TOR 2 14.3 Charania PHX C 33 UFA $5,112,450
3 Marc Gasol LAL 2 5.3 Woj, Woj, Charania TOR C 35 UFA $23,995,969
3 Austin Rivers NYK 3 10 Woj, Woj HOU SG 28 UFA $2,038,423
3 Juancho Hernangomez MIN 3 21 Charania MIN MIN PF 25 RFA $3,321,030
3 E'Twaun Moore PHX 1 2.4 Stein NOP SG 31 UFA $8,664,928
3 Willy Hernangomez NOP 1 ?? Charania CHA C 26 UFA $1,571,939
3 Sterling Brown HOU ?? ?? Haynes MIL SG 25 UFA $1,517,363
3 Bismack Biyombo CHA ?? ?? Haynes CHA C 28 UFA $15,937,500
3 Willie Cauley-Stein DAL 2 8.2 Charania DAL C 27 UFA $2,177,483
3 Jontay Porter MEM 3 6 Woj MEM PF 21 RFA $1,122,888
3 Damian Jones PHX 2 ?? Woj ATL C 25 UFA $2,160,991
3 Bogdan Bogdanovic ATL 4 72 Stein SAC SG 28 RFA $8,529,386
3 Kent Bazemore GSW 1 2.3 Charania, Slater SAC SG 31 UFA $9,907,001
3 Torrey Craig MIL ?? ?? Woj DEN SF 29 UFA $1,875,000
3 Harry Giles POR 1 ?? Woj SAC PF 22 UFA $2,417,625
3 Bryn Forbes MIL 2 ?? Woj SAS SG 27 UFA $2,695,313
3 JaKarr Sampson IND 1 ?? Charania IND SG 27 UFA $1,737,145
2 Serge Ibaka LAC 2 19 Charania, Woj TOR PF 31 UFA $23,271,605
2 Jevon Carter PHX 3 11.5 Woj PHX PG 25 RFA $1,416,852
2 Garrison Mathews WAS 1 ?? Haynes WAS SG 24 RFA $1,549,812
2 Jeff Teague BOS 1 ?? Himmelsbach ATL PG 32 UFA $17,812,500
2 Nerlens Noel NYK 1 5 Woj, Woj OKC C 26 UFA $1,901,807
2 Brad Wanamaker GSW 1 2.25 Woj BOS PG 31 UFA $1,355,341
2 Kentavious Caldwell-Pope LAL 3 40 Charania LAL SG 27 UFA $7,583,702
2 Tristan Thompson BOS 2 19 Haynes CLE C 29 UFA $17,380,434
2 Amida Brimah IND ?? ?? Haynes IND C 26 UFA $898,310
2 Cam Reynolds SAS 1 ?? MacMahon MIL SG 25 UFA $108,953
2 Carmelo Anthony POR 1 ?? Charania, Charania POR SF 36 UFA $2,159,029
2 Paul Millsap DEN 1 10 Charania DEN PF 35 UFA $28,453,125
2 Rajon Rondo ATL 2 15 Charania LAL PG 34 UFA $2,564,753
2 Gary Clark ORL 2 4.1 Woj ORL SF 26 RFA $555,409
2 Jeff Green BKN 1 ?? Charania, Scotto HOU SF 34 UFA $695,526
2 Jae Crowder PHX 3 30 Charania, Reynolds MIA SF 30 UFA $4,724,644
2 John Konchar MEM 4 9 Charania MEM SG 24 RFA $1,549,812?
2 Avery Bradley MIA 2 11.6 Charania LAL SG 29 UFA $4,469,063
2 Gordon Hayward CHA 4 120 Woj BOS SF 30 UFA $30,656,897
2 Fred VanVleet TOR 4 85 Charania TOR PG 26 UFA $8,762,018
2 D.J. Augustin MIL 3 21 Charania ORL PG 33 UFA $6,796,875
2 Bobby Portis MIL 2 ?? Charania, Charania NYK PF 25 UFA $14,062,500
2 De'Anthony Melton MEM 4 35 Charania MEM PG 22 RFA $1,922,426
2 Kris Dunn ATL 2 10 Woj CHI PG 26 UFA $5,013,757
2 Moe Harkless MIA 1 3.6 Woj LAC 27 SF UFA $6,656,510
2 Michael Carter-Williams ORL 2 ?? Charania, Robbins ORL PG 29 UFA $1,901,807
2 Denzel Valentine CHI 1 4.7 Charania CHI SG 27 RFA $3,166,471
1 JaMychal Green DEN 2 15 Charania LAC PF 30 UFA $5,005,350
1 Pat Connaughton MIL 3 16 Woj, Woj MIL SG 27 UFA $1,723,050
1 Jakob Poeltl SAS 3 27 Charania SAS PF 25 RFA $3,754,886
1 Raul Neto WAS 1 ?? A11, Charania PHI PG 28 UFA $1,737,145
1 Justin Holiday IND 3 18.1 Charania IND SG 31 UFA $4,469,063
1 James Ennis ORL 1 ?? Charania ORL SF 30 UFA $1,138,230
1 Marcus Morris LAC 4 64 Woj, Woj LAC PF 31 UFA $9,067,797
1 Robin Lopez WAS 1 8? Smith, Smith MIL C 32 UFA $4,469,063
1 Derrick Jones Jr. POR 2 19 Charania MIA SF 23 UFA $1,542,522
1 Christian Wood HOU 3 41 Woj DET PF 25 UFA $1,542,522
1 Garrett Temple CHI 1 5 Woj BKN SG 34 UFA $4,469,063
1 Joe Harris BKN 4 75 Woj BKN SG 29 UFA $7,666,667
1 Jerami Grant DET 3 60 Charania DEN SF 26 UFA $8,762,018
1 Alec Burks NYK 1 6 Woj PHI SG 29 UFA $2,320,044
1 Davis Bertans WAS 5 80 Woj WAS PF 28 UFA $7,000,000
1 Montrezl Harrell LAL 2 19 Woj, Windhorst LAC C 26 UFA $5,625,000
1 Trey Burke DAL 3 10? Stein PHI PG 28 UFA $2,028,594
1 Anthony Gill WAS 2 ?? Woj NA PF 28 Overseas NA
1 Malik Beasley MIN 4 60 Charania MIN SG 23 RFA $2,731,714
1 Rodney Hood POR 2 21 Woj POR SG 28 UFA $5,360,625
1 Dwight Howard PHI 1 2.6 Charania, Marks LAL C 34 UFA $2,404,456
1 Danilo Gallinari ATL 3 61.5 Woj OKC SF 32 UFA $21,202,087
1 Josh Jackson DET ?? ?? Woj MEM SF 23 UFA $6,618,263
1 Derrick Favors UTA 3 27 Charania, Jones NOP PF 29 UFA $16,546,875
1 Jordan Clarkson UTA 4 52 Woj UTA PG 28 UFA $13,437,500
1 Udonis Haslem MIA ?? ?? Reynolds MIA PF 40 UFA $2,564,753
1 Patrick Patterson LAC 1 ?? Woj LAC PF 31 UFA $2,185,868
1 Jahlil Okafor DET 2 4 Woj, Smith, Scotto NOP C 24 UFA $1,702,486
1 Mason Plumlee DET 3 25 Woj DEN C 30 UFA $14,041,096
1 Dwayne Bacon ORL 2 ?? Goodwill CHA SF 25 UFA $1,618,520
1 Drew Eubanks SAS 3 5.29 Woj, Scotto SAS C 23 RFA $1,635,652
1 Wesley Matthews LAL 1 3.6 Charania, Charania MIL SG 34 UFA $2,404,456
1 Meyers Leonard MIA 2 20? Reynolds, Woj MIA C 28 UFA $11,286,517
1 Facundo Campazzo DEN 2 ?? HoopsHype NA G 29 Overseas NA
1 Goran Dragic MIA 2 37.4 Reynolds, Charania MIA PG 34 UFA $18,016,781
-1 Bogdan Bogdanovic MIL 420 1000 Woj SAC SG 28 RFA $9,000,000

Trade Tracker

PM-ME-YOUR-FoUrSKIN has a trade tracker over here: https://old.reddit.com/nba/comments/jvefp7/20202021_nba_trade_tracke.

2020 Restricted Free Agent Status

Team Player Pos. Age 2019-2020 AAV Tendered? Status Source
SAC Bogdan Bogdanovic SG 28 $9,000,000 YES Ham
NOP Brandon Ingram SF 23 $5,955,921 YES Smith
SAS Jakob Poeltl C 24 $3,057,952
PHX Dario Saric PF 26 $2,687,417
DET Thon Maker PF 23 $3,569,643 NO Woj
CHI Denzel Valentine SG 26 $2,484,192 YES Mayberry
CHI Kris Dunn PG 26 $5,348,007 NO Johnson
MIN Juan Hernangomez PF 25 $2,387,918
DEN Torrey Craig SF 29 $2,000,000 YES Smith
MIN Malik Beasley SG 23 $1,958,379 YES Scotto
TOR Nando De Colo PG 33 $1,431,500
TOR Dewan Hernandez C 23 $1,399,637
CLE Dean Wade PF 23 $1,225,201
MEM De'Anthony Melton PG 22 $1,182,926
PHX Jevon Carter PG 25 $1,127,658
TOR Chris Boucher PF 27 $1,022,825 YES Scotto
UTA Juwan Morgan PF 23 $746,054
UTA Rayjon Tucker SF 23 $578,573
ORL Gary Clark SF 25 $555,409
MEM Jontay Porter PF 20 $197,933
DET Justin Patton C 23 $183,115
TOR Paul Watson G 25 $5,075
NYK Isaiah Hicks PF 26 0
LAL Kostas Antetokounmpo PF 22 0
MEM Yuta Watanabe F 25 0
SAS Drew Eubanks C 23 0
POR Jaylen Hoard F 21 0
ATL Charlie Brown Jr. F 22 0
CHI Adam Mokoka SG 22 0
BOS Tacko Fall C 24 0 YES Bontemps
DET Louis King SF 21 0
WAS Garrison Mathews SG 23 0 YES Katz
MEM John Konchar G 24 0
SAS Quinndary Weatherspoon SG 24 0
BOS Tremont Waters PG 22 0 YES Bontemps
UTA Jarrell Brantley F 0
UTA Justin Wright-Foreman PG 22 0
NYK Jared Harper PG 23 0
MIL Cam Reynolds F 25 0
NOP Joshia Gray G 27 0
MIN Jordan McLaughlin PG 24 0
MIL Frank Mason III PG 26 0 YES Haynes
TOR Oshae Brissett PF 22 0
DAL Antonius Cleveland SG 26 0
LAC Johnathan Motley PF 25 0
NOP Zylan Cheatham SF 24 0
DAL Josh Reaves SG 23 0
MIN Kelan Martin SF 25 0
CHA Kobi Simmons PG 23 0
POR Moses Brown C 20 0
MEM Shaq Buchanan G 23 0
HOU Michael Frazier SG 26 0
ORL DaQuan Jeffries SF 23 0
CHI Max Strus G 24 0
ORL B.J. Johnson SF 24 0
OKC Kevin Hervey SF 24 0
HOU William Howard SF 26 0
BKN Chris Chiozza PG 24 0
MIA Gabe Vincent G 24 0
PHX Tariq Owens PF 25 0
MIA Kyle Alexander F 23 0
CLE Matt Mooney G 25 0
CHA Ray Spalding PF 23 0
BKN Jeremiah Martin G 0

2020 PlayeTeam/Early Termination Option Status

Team Player Pos Age Type Option Salary Status Source
CHA Nicolas Batum SF 31.0 Player $27,130,000 IN Charania
LAL Avery Bradley SG 29.0 Player $5,000,000 OUT Charania
LAL Kentavious Caldwell-Pope SG 27.0 Player $8,500,000 OUT Charania
DAL Willie Cauley-Stein C 27.0 Player $2,290,000 OUT Scotto
UTA Mike Conley PG 33.0 Player $34,500,000 IN Haynes
LAL Anthony Davis PF 27.0 Player $28,700,000 OUT Haynes
SAS DeMar DeRozan SG 31.0 Player $27,700,000 IN Haynes
CLE Andre Drummond C 27.0 Player $28,700,000 IN Stein
ORL James Ennis III PF 30.0 Player $2,100,000 OUT Charania
ORL Evan Fournier SG 28.0 Player $17,000,000 IN Charania
DEN Jerami Grant PF 26.0 Player $9,300,000 OUT Haynes
LAC JaMychal Green PF 30.0 Player $5,000,000 OUT Charania
DAL Tim Hardaway Jr. SG 28.0 Player $17,000,000 IN MacMahon
BOS Gordon Hayward SF 30.0 Player $34,000,000 OUT Charania
POR Mario Hezonja SF 25.0 Player $1,980,000 IN Scotto
POR Rodney Hood SF 28.0 Player $6,000,000 OUT Woj
MIN James Johnson PF 33.0 Player $16,000,000 IN Charania
TOR Stanley Johnson SF 24.0 Player $3,800,000 IN Lewenberg
BOS Enes Kanter C 28.0 Player $5,000,000 IN Charania
MIL Robin Lopez C 32.0 Player $5,000,000 OUT Woj
MIL Wesley Matthews SG 34.0 Player $2,700,000 OUT Charania
LAL Javale McGee C 32.0 Player $2,700,000 IN Charania
OKC Mike Muscala PF 29.0 Player $2,200,000 IN Woj
MIA Kelly Olynyk C 29.0 Player $13,600,000 IN Woj
SAC Jabari Parker PF 25.0 Player $6,500,000 IN Charania
CHI Otto Porter Jr. SF 27.0 Player $28,400,000 IN Haynes
HOU Austin Rivers SG 28.0 Player $2,369,663 OUT Spears
LAL Rajon Rondo PG 34.0 Player $2,619,605 OUT Turner
DET Tony Snell SG 29.0 Player $12,200,000 IN Edwards
BOS Semi Ojeleye SF 25.0 Team $1,752,950 IN Bontemps
HOU David Nwaba SF 27.0 Team $1,862,250 IN Charania
NYK Bobby Portis PF 25.0 Team $14,062,500 OUT Charania
PHX Frank Kaminsky PF 27.0 Team $5,005,350 OUT Woj
BKN Garrett Temple SG 34.0 Team $5,005,350 OUT Haynes
DET Sviatoslav Mykhailiuk SG 23.0 Team $1,663,861 IN Smith
PHX Cheick Diallo PF 24.0 Team $1,824,003 OUT Scotto
submitted by creepermarcer to nba [link] [comments]


2020.11.18 00:24 Yularen2077 List of All US Presidents: Part 4 - PSA

Ever wonder who all the Presidents of the Pacific States are? Looking for an up to date guide? Well look no further!
Below you can find a list (with KRTL occupations, or if I could not find it, OTL), and portraits/bios, of all possible Presidents for the Pacific States.

Provisional Government

1937 - Provisional Election
The Pacific States of America is founded and lead by Provisional President Frank Merriam (Democrat), Governor of California. Its existence is dependent on a MacArthur Coup; no coup = no reason for the Pacific States to rise up. But Merriam will not stay as President for too long, calling for an election to elect a legitimate President, in contrast to MacArthur. Two candidates stand:
Hiram Johnson - Progressive, Senator from California
John Arthur Gellatly - Republican, Governor of Washington
Note about re-election. An incumbent President will automatically become the party’s nominee for that election year, being able to serve as President for a maximum of two terms (election cycles). What you see below are the candidates who are not incumbents.
Also, starting with the 1940 Election and every election thereafter, if the CSA and PSA both exist, and the CSA went Flynn’s Commonwealth and the PSA went Farmer-Labor in the election, as long as both are at peace, there is an event to reconcile the two countries and have the CSA annex the PSA.
Lastly, there is also a chance that the USA and PSA can reconcile. As long as McArthur returned civilian rule, and both countries are at peace, the USA will ask the PSA to reconcile and if agreed outright, the USA will annex the PSA. But the PSA can counter back, saying MacArthur deserves to rot in prison for his crimes against democracy before any reconciliation can happen. Refusing outright or demanding MacArthur imprisonment might lead to war.
Note as well that the Farmer-Labor candidates are all candidates in the USA elections as well. Earl Warren is also is a possible candidate as a Republican in the 1948 US Election.

1940

1940 Election
Henry Wallace – Farmer-Labor
Earl Warren – Progressive, San Francisco District Attorney
Culbert Olson – Progressive, California State Senator
Charles L. McNary – Progressive, Senator from Oregon
Emmett T. Anderson – Republican, Washington State Senator
John Arthur Gellatly – Republican, Governor of Washington
Howard Hughes – Republican, Industrialist
Robert Taylor Jones – Democrat, Governor of Arizona
Frank Merriam – Democrat, Senator from California

1944

1944 Election
Henry Wallace – Farmer-Labor
Philip La Follette – Farmer-Labor, Former Governor of Wisconsin
Earl Warren – Progressive, San Francisco District Attorney
Clarence D. Martin – Progressive, Former Governor of Washington
Oswald West – Progressive, Former Governor of Oregon. (Born in Canada)
Charles A. Sprague – Republican, Former Governor of Oregon
Ralph Lawrence Carr – Republican, Former Governor of Colorado
Robert Taylor Jones – Democrat, Former Governor of Arizona
Joseph Bracken Lee – Democrat, Former Governor of Utah

1948

1948 Election
Philip La Follette – Farmer-Labor, Former Governor of Wisconsin
Glen H. Taylor – Farmer-Labor, Congressman from Idaho
Monrad Wallgren – Progressive, Governor of Washington (?)
Clyde Tingley – Progressive, Governor of New Mexico
Arthur B. Langlie – Republican, Washington State Senator (?)
Douglas McKay – Republican, (OTL eventual Governor of Oregon)
Fletcher Bowron – Republican, Mayor of Los Angeles
Daniel I. J. Thornton – Democrat, Rancher
Bourke B. Hickenlooper – Democrat, Former Governor of Iowa
Note that Taylor’s portrait, while bugged (comes up blank), is the same as his USA’s, so I substituted it here, and in 1952. Also, the Republican Primary is bugged: Choosing McKay will instead give Bowron, and choosing Bowron gives Gellatly. I was unable to get McKay’s bio but did extract his portrait.

1952

1952 Election
Philip La Follette – Farmer-Labor, Former Governor of Wisconsin
Glen H. Taylor – Farmer-Labor, Congressman from Idaho
Victor Aloysius Meyers – Progressive, Lt. Governor of Washington
Andrew W. Hockenhull – Former Governor of New Mexico
Richard Nixon – Republican, Representative from California
George N. Craig – Republican, Governor of Indiana
Harry P. Cain – Democrat (OTL Mayor of Tacoma, Washington)
Val Peterson – Democrat, Governor of Nebraska
Note that Craig’s portrait is missing, so I substituted an OTL picture of him. Cain uses a European generic leader portrait and has no bio, so I substituted an OTL picture as well.
---
Part 1 - The US and MacArthur Coup Part 2 - AUS and Commonwealth Part 3 - CSA and Butler Coup Part 4 - PSA Part 5 - New England Bonus - Hawaii Bonus - Puerto Rico
---
Look out for the last part tomorrow, New England. Hope you liked this one as well, Thank you!
submitted by Yularen2077 to Kaiserreich [link] [comments]


2020.11.17 00:36 Yularen2077 List of All US Presidents: Part 3 - CSA and Butler Coup

Ever wonder who all the Presidents of the CSA are? Looking for an up to date guide? Well look no further!
Below you can find a list, and portraits/bios, of all possible Presidents for the Combined Syndicates of America/Commonwealth of America/Socialist Republic of America, and the Union of Socialist American States/Butler Coup.
Also included for the former is the election for the General-Secretary of the National Council of Peoples’ Deputies, which acts as the head of state, but represented in game as the country's head of government. Though it does not a leader portrait, just a little Minister portrait, I thought it would be a cool addition here.

Second Constitutional Convention

CSA Constitutional Convention
The Combined Syndicates of America is founded and lead by John ‘Jack’ Reed. He was a candidate in the 1936 US election, and his victory/defeat can lead to him seceding from the US. Once he wins the 2ACW he will call a Second Constitutional Convention to rewrite the US Constitution, with many different factions and groups attending. He himself is a member of the syndicalist Unionist Faction of the Socialist Party. There is also the totalist Centralist Faction, and the radical socialist Federalist Faction.
Players will be given a series of events, some of which will include policy choices which will increase either Totalist or Syndicalist/Radical Socialist support. Hovering over each choice will show which faction is supported. While the Convention is taking place, the CSA will be led collectively by the CSA Central Committee (being the leader for all parties).
At the end of the Convention, Reed will announce his retirement and whichever faction has the most support will be able to declare their leader the Interim President until normal elections are held.
If the totalist faction is victorious, either Secretary of Communications Earl Browder or William Z. Foster will be declared President.
If the combined syndicalist/radical socialist factions are victorious, then either the syndicalist Elizabeth Gurley Flynn or radical socialist Norman Thomas (Reed’s 1936 VP pick and Mayor of NYC) will be declared President.

Totalists Browder and Foster

Totalist USAS
A CSA under the Presidency of Browder or Foster will see the CSA be transformed into the Union of Socialist American States (USAS). The factions of the Socialist Party will also change: The now ruling totalists will become the Trade Union Unity League, the syndicalist Unionists will become the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), while the radical socialist Federalists will become the American Federation of Labor.
Elections will take place but in true Totalist fashion, have absolutely no opposition and Browder or Foster will always win.

Butler Coup

Butler Coup
One of the events that will fire during a Totalist Presidency (not 100% sure when but believe it is far in) is an event to reorganize the Army. If the Army is NOT reorganized, months later, outraged that the USAS is turning into a socialist dictatorship, General Smedley Butler will coup the government, and it is up to the player if the coup will be successful. If it is, he will hold elections one year after his coup, after which normal presidential elections will be held every four years. The first elections held will start with the 1944 election candidates which you can see down below, complete with the Head of Government elections as well. Butler will stand in the election and automatically be the candidate for the American Federation of Labor.

Syndicalist/Radical Socialist

Flynn / Thomas
Electing Flynn or Thomas will see the CSA transform into the Commonwealth of America or the Socialist Republic of America, respectively. In both cases, the factions of the Socialist Party will also change: The syndicalist Unionists will become the Socialist Labor Party, while the radical socialist Federalists will become the Socialist Party of America. The totalist Centralist Faction, headed by Browder, will become the Revolutionary Worker’s Vanguard Party. In this new democratic country, Browder and his party will not be candidates in any elections.
The main elections will follow the same design of the USA elections, with a two term limit. The Socialist Labor, and Socialist parties will have primaries with the winners squaring off in a general election. An incumbent President will automatically become the party’s nominee for that election year, being able to serve as President for a maximum of two terms (election cycles). What you see below are the candidates who are not incumbents.
After the main election event, there will be an additional election for the General-Secretary of the National Council of Peoples’ Deputies. Whichever party won the Presidency will get to choose the General-Secretary. A winner of the Presidency will not be an electable candidate in the same year’s General-Secretary election. Example: If Meyer London wins the Presidential Election, there will only be one candidate for General-Secretary, Daniel Hoan.

1940

1940 Elections
Socialist Labor Party - President
Socialist Labor Party - General-Secretary

Socialist Party of America - President
Socialist Party of America - General-Secretary

1944

1944 Elections
Socialist Labor Party - President
Socialist Labor Party - General-Secretary

Socialist Party of America - President
Socialist Party of America - General-Secretary

1948

1948 Elections
Socialist Labor Party – President
Socialist Labor Party - General-Secretary

Socialist Party of America - President
Socialist Party of America - General-Secretary

1952

1952 Elections
Socialist Labor Party - President
Socialist Labor Party - General-Secretary

Socialist Party of America - President
Socialist Party of America - General-Secretary
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Part 1 - The US and MacArthur Coup Part 2 - AUS and Commonwealth Part 3 - CSA and Butler Coup Part 4 - PSA Part 5 - New England Bonus - Hawaii Bonus - Puerto Rico
---
Look out for the next part tomorrow, the Pacific States. Hope you liked this one as well, Thank you!
submitted by Yularen2077 to Kaiserreich [link] [comments]


2020.11.15 15:24 portlane Donald Meyer (November 27, 1939 - October 8, 2020)

DONALD HARVEY MEYER
November 27, 1939 - October 8, 2020
Beloved husband Donald Harvey Meyer went home to heaven Oct. 8, 2020, age 80, in his childhood home in Vancouver, WA. He was born Nov. 27, 1939, to Harvey E. Meyer and Florence E. (Downs) Meyer.
After graduating from Vancouver High School in 1957, Don joined the Air Force and served as an airborne navigation electronics specialist at Panama Canal Zone.
In 1964, Don began studying mechanical engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle where he met fellow student and love of his life, Laura E. McIntyre. They married in June 1967 and graduated in June 1968.
Don worked as an electronic design engineer for a variety of Seattle companies and greatly enjoyed electric car and aviation events. An avid traveler, often with extended family, he and Laura visited many national parks and 28 countries, notably six trips to Israel.
He loved music and sang in church choirs and on praise teams for more than 50 years. Don was very proud to have donated 24 gallons of blood to Bloodworks Northwest over the years. He battled Parkinson’s Disease and dementia for five years and lost his life to a combination of COVID-19 and Parkinson complications.
Special thanks to caregivers Jennifer, Robert and Bob, and the compassionate people of PeaceHealth Hospice who enabled Don to die at home.
Don was predeceased by his parents and his brother-in-law, Michael Millam.
He is survived by Laura, his wife of 53 years; sister, Lois Millam; her sons, Steve Millam (Margaret) and John Millam; cousins, Bob and Walter Downs (Marian); brother-in-law, Robert McIntyre Jr. (Ann); and 14 other nephews and nieces.
We will miss his quirky sense of humor, his quiet strength, and his 70 years of loving and serving the Lord.
A celebration of life will be held at a later date when it’s safe to do so.
In lieu of flowers, memorial donations may be made to Parkinson’s Resources of Oregon, 8880 SW Nimbus Ave., Suite B, Beaverton, OR 97008 or to Kessid Columbia Church, mailing address: 10013 NE Hazel Dell Ave., PMB #196, Vancouver, WA 98685.
Please share a memory @ www.columbian.com/obits
source: http://obits.columbian.com/obituaries/columbian/obituary.aspx?n=donald-harvey-meyer-don&pid=197109219
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]


2020.11.07 06:30 td139523 Hollinger's top free agent centers Athletic article. Good list for all the center crazed Rockets fans out there

Tier 1: Max guys

Nobody.

Tier 2: More than MLE, less than Max

Hassan Whiteside — $17,200,380
Whiteside is an interesting case because he’s clearly a starting-caliber center on talent, but his defensive disinterest and stat-seeking reputation make him less popular in front offices. He’s also 31, which will likely limit his traction on any kind of long-term deal.
It’s easy to focus too much on the weaknesses and ignore some of the huge strengths. Whiteside shot 62.1 percent and led the league in blocks; a year earlier he led it in Rebound Rate. Few other bigs control the interior as well as he does, and those that do generally cost twice as much if they’re attainable at all.
That said, his lack of passing or long-range shooting ability can gum up an offense if his catches aren’t near the basket, and his presence basically requires defenses to play a drop coverage that keeps him near the rim.
What he is, in other words, is the perfect stopgap starter — just like he was for Portland this past season. There isn’t a lot of cap room to chase centers this summer, so he could end up back with the Blazers on a one-year deal, but I’m guessing some center-needy team (Charlotte? Detroit?) finds enough change under the cushions to pay him in the $15 million ballpark for a year or two.
Christian Wood — $15,830,309
What a difference a year makes. Wood was cut by the Pelicans a year ago; now he’s arguably the best free-agent center on the market. While his projected value for next season is lower than Whiteside’s, he’s also six years younger and thus much more likely to command a lucrative multi-year deal. It’s easy to sniff that he was playing in meaningless games for a team going nowhere, but that didn’t stop Wood from putting up big numbers at both ends both at 4 and 5, and both as a reserve and a starter.
It’s hard to dismiss his season as a fluke as well. Wood’s previous brief snippets of NBA minutes had been nearly as productive, and he dominated the G League during his frequent journeys to the minors. The question isn’t how he was so good, it’s what the hell took so long for an NBA team to start playing him.
At 25, he’s in perfect position to cash in, but alas it’s in a market thin on cap space and not hungry for centers. One other factor working against him is that the Pistons would greatly prefer to keep his first-year salary below $10 million, which would enable Detroit to use “Early Bird” rights and a minuscule cap hold of $1.7 million to retain him and leave $30 million for its other free-agent pursuits.
Even at a higher salary, a return to the Pistons still makes the most sense, but I could see a rebuilding Charlotte team also bidding up his price.
Andre Drummond (PO), Cleveland — $14,906,274
Drummond has a player option for $28 million, and there isn’t any great incentive for the Cavs to push him to opt-out and sign a longer deal for lower dollars. Drummond is a phenomenal rebounder and has some playmaking skill from the elbows, but overall grades out as a mid-tier starting center. This market is going to be so harsh for veteran centers that he might not get more than the midlevel if he opts out, and he can likely do much better a year from now.
Jakob Poeltl (R), San Antonio — $13,166,442
Poeltl is a traditional, unsexy center and that may cap his market at the midlevel exception, especially since the Spurs can match any offer. His lack of floor spacing capability and iffy mobility above the 3-point line conspire against him in the pace-and-space era.
But within his role, he’s really good. For a big lug, he’s actually pretty nimble, blocking shots around the rim, positioning himself well in drop coverages and dominating on the glass. Offensively it’s a similar story, as he can’t shoot and has a pretty blah post game, but combats that with a good feel, hard screens, and solid finishing around the basket.
The 25-year-old Austrian may not progress much beyond this level, but it’s pretty easy to see him as the Spurs’ starting center once LaMarcus Aldridge moves on. At anything in the $10 million range, he’s worth it.
Derrick Favors — $12,652,855
I’m guessing Favors won’t get this kind of money because of all the concerns about his knees, but he has been durable the past three seasons and posted a massive 21.4 Rebound Rate last season.
Of equal or greater concern might be his inability to present an offensive threat. He lacks the freight train rim runs of Poeltl and the vertical ability of Wood, and instead is mostly a humdrum short-hook and 12-foot pick-and-pop guy. Favors actually makes those shots at a halfway decent clip, but it’s just not something that scares an opposing defense.
That said, Favors remains a quietly productive player who would either be one of the best backup centers in the league or a good stopgap starter. That may or may not be in New Orleans, depending on the Pelicans’ other plans, but they can re-sign him without dipping into exception money and have plenty of room below the tax line to fit him in.

Tier 3: Mid-level guys

Kelly Olynyk (PO), Miami — $9,806,750
Olynyk has a player option for $12.6 million that he will likely pick up, as he’s 29 years old and viewed by most as an MLE-worthy player who can serve as a good third big. Theoretically, he could opt out to sign a long deal now, but he’s almost certainly better off taking his one-year payday and hitting the market next year when more money is available.
Montrezl Harrell — $8,816,566
This feels low, right? I strongly suspect Harrell gets the full MLE, at the absolute least, especially since he’s not an age issue at 26.
BORD$ may weigh Harrell’s playoff performance too heavily against him, but his position is a factor, too. Centers automatically have a much higher bar to clear statistically to differentiate themselves from the pack, as the replacement level for 5s is significantly higher. (Look at all the centers near the end of this list if you don’t believe me).
In terms of his real-life market, Harrell won the Sixth Man award while playing for one of the league’s best teams, but remains a tricky piece to fit in on a starter’s money. The offense is potent (31.7 points per 100 on 58.0 percent shooting is pretty ridiculous), but he’s not a shooter, so if he isn’t involved in the pick-and-roll game he can impact spacing. As with the other centers above, the lack of cap space teams and flimsy market for bigs will also conspire against him this offseason.
As far as this specific rating, Harrell gets dinged as a negative defender who is both undersized and not notably mobile. Harrell has the worst defensive PI-PM of any center whose name doesn’t end in “elicio,” dragging down his BORG to the point that his elite offense could only do so much to improve his valuation.

Tier 4: Less than MLE, more than minimum

Nerlens Noel — $6,511,224
Noel may have trouble getting to this number because of perceptions about his commitment level, but he was really good in OKC this year. In the playoffs against Houston, he showed himself to be far more switchable and versatile against the Rockets’ unique schemes than starter Steven Adams.
While Noel’s overall offensive limitations are pretty severe the dunk is basically his only shot he easily could play a more prominent role in a switch-heavy scheme that needs a rim-runner. He’s also 26, so a two-year deal would guarantee a team the sweet spot of his career.
Marc Gasol — $5,953,626
Gasol’s valuation here is understandable in light of the fact that he’s 36 and his offensive game mostly dried up in 2019-20, scoring just 13.6 points per 100 possessions. He’s a good passer who can camp above the 3-point line (38.5 percent last season) and keep the lane open for others, but is no longer a big threat around the basket.
However, contending teams might put a bigger price tag on him because his defensive game scales up so well to a playoff environment. He’s still one of the league’s best low-post defenders (important if, say, Joel Embiid is a potential opponent) and remains mobile and savvy enough to play any coverage scheme. Even at 35, Gasol’s defensive metrics were near the top of the league at this position.
JaVale McGee (PO), Lakers — $5,753,491
McGee vanished from the Lakers’ rotation as the playoffs wore on after starting 68 games for them in the regular season. He played well enough to earn a bigger deal than the $4.2 million player option he has for next season, but the lack of minutes in the postseason may hurt his market. At 32, it’s also hard to envision him scoring a multi-year deal.
As with several of the other bigs in this tier, McGee is accomplished as a lob threat and shot-blocker but less so in terms of spacing the floor and defending above the 3-point line. He’s likely looking at a 20-minute role in some team’s center rotation, whether it’s back in L.A. or in a new uniform. His opt-out decision will be a tough one in terms of money, but he’d be hard-pressed to find a better basketball situation than his current one.
Enes Kanter (PO), Boston — $5,641,787
Kanter has a player option for $5.0 million, and this valuation says he has one of the more interesting decisions of any player this offseason. Adding to the complexity: If Kanter does opt-in he’s likely to be traded because of the Celtics’ luxury tax situation and will have little control over his destination. It’s possible he’d rather pick his team than have the Celtics do it for him, and gamble that he can get roughly the same money either way.
Kanter’s rough and tumble game probably fits better on a team that needs his offense more than the Celtics do. He’s one of the few players so good at scoring on the block for post-ups to be valuable, and he’s a monstrous offensive rebounder. The tricky part is how to hide him on defense, where he is slow-footed defending pick-and-rolls and struggles to protect the rim. Those limitations have pushed him out of playoff games in recent years and may limit his market too.
Serge Ibaka — $5,521,235
Subjectively, this number is low and I expect Ibaka’s next contract to come in around the MLE or a bit more. Why is it just $5.5 million? As with Harrell above, the market for centers in general isn’t that rosy. Also, while the eye test said Ibaka had a pretty solid year in 2019-20, bumping his scoring rate and hitting 38.5 percent from 3, his advanced numbers were more skeptical. Ibaka’s on-off numbers were the worst of any of the nine Raptors with at least 1,000 minutes, and by a pretty wide margin. That didn’t help his case.
Combine that with his age (31 this coming season) and the fact he mostly plays the league’s most replaceable position (94 percent of his minutes were at center, according to Cleaning the Glass), and he projects at a much lower valuation than his brand name might suggest.
Nikola Milutinov, CSKA Moscow
The Spurs still own the rights to the 25-year-old seven-footer after selecting him late in the first round in 2015. He’s since emerged as one of the best bigs in Europe, albeit with a game firmly rooted in the 1990s that may not translate as well across the pond. Think of him as a high-end backup center type who would make sense in the $5 million range. Also, note that he is not bound by the rookie salary scale for first-rounders because the Spurs drafted him more than three years ago.
Isaiah Hartenstein — $3,693,329
This number is on the high side, a result of BORG evaluating Hartenstein on some pretty small minutes samples over the past two seasons. Nonetheless, the league’s bottom feeders should be doing their homework on this guy. Hartenstein is only 22, remains 2-way eligible, and murdered the G League during his 14-game stint there last season. I’d be interested to see how he fares in an offensive role that went beyond “watch James Harden and dunk when he passes it to you.”
I’d like him more if he could shoot, but that part may not come around. Hartenstein also struggles on defense and his awkward hunched-over posture doesn’t help him with the eye test. Nonetheless, there should be a role for him someplace.
Mason Plumlee — $3,344,137
Plumlee still has his uses, but he’s looking at a major pay cut from the $14 million he made a year ago. Plumlee can’t shoot, struggles from the free-throw line, and has a maddening tendency to call his own number on post-ups. However, he’s a useful reserve because he remains an athletic lob threat even at age 30, and he’s a good passer and ballhandler. Defensively his size and mobility are a plus but he can be his own worst enemy rushing into mistakes, such as the play where he lost Antony Davis at the end of Game 2 of the conference finals.
Overall, I think this number is perhaps a shade low and that he’s more likely to get the room exception (about $5 million). Given the juggling Denver will need to do to remain below the tax level, I’m not sure that payday is coming from the Nuggets.
Dwight Howard — $3,137,516
Howard played his part to a tee for the champs last season, providing an energy defender, occasional roller, and frequent troller. With limited minutes Howard made sure he got his licks in, committing an eye-popping 8.1 fouls per 100 possessions. He’s 35 and his offensive game is now extremely limited because he’s lost so much leaping ability, but he still moves well laterally and books up and down the court in short-minute bursts.
Alex Len — $3,067,904
Len struggled in 2019-20 after a strong 2018-19 campaign, but he’s huge, rebounds well, and converts lobs and passes around the rim. He’s not a super athlete and has to play drop coverage, and his efforts to develop a 3-point game have been halting. At 27, however, there still is some tread left on these tires.
Skal Labissiere (R), Atlanta — $2,930,540
Acquired from Portland in a trade deadline salary dump, Labissiere nonetheless may have a future in Atlanta. The Hawks likely will decline to give Labissiere a $3.5 million qualifying offer, especially with two other expensive centers on their books, but can bring him back on a minimum deal and see if the 24-year-old Haitian can find a home on his third team.
Labissiere is a soft defensive presence but proved an accurate mid-range shooter with a soft touch when pressed into service in Portland, making 58 percent of his long 2s; extending that range to the 3-point line could unlock a lot more value.
Ante Zizic — $2,877,801
Zizic’s age (23) helps him grade out as a slightly-better-than-minimum option at the center spot via BORD$, but in reality, I doubt he’ll be back in the NBA. He’s a good rebounder who plays hard and can shoot from short range, but a defensive liability and not a floor-spacer. He only played 22 games last season after the Cavs declined his fourth-year option. I’d expect him to return to Europe.
Cheick Diallo (T), Phoenix — $2,705,142
The Suns will likely decline Diallo’s affordable $1.8 million option for next season to open up more cap space, but he could easily be back in Phoenix on another minimum deal. The 24-year-old is badly undersized for the middle at 6-8, 219, but has become a good short-to-mid range shooter who could really up his value by extending the range to the 3-point line. Doing so would also make him more viable at the 4, which is a much better fit for him at his size.

Tier 5: Minimum guys ($2.6M or less)

Note: I did not include a dollar figure in this tier, as at this level all their contracts are proscribed by the league minimum contract rules.
If you really want to understand the concept of replacement level and why the valuations on the centers above might seem low, just look at the list below. All these guys projected as at or below replacement level for an NBA center this year, even though several appeared to be reasonably effective. The bar is just higher at the 5.
Harry Giles
Giles has become a hot conversation topic in free-agency circles despite a very ordinary resume to date, and I do expect a team to take the plunge on him at a price above the minimum salary. The Kings declined his fourth-year option but could still bring him back at a salary up to $3,976,510, and with new management in Sacramento it’s possible they go that route.
I would have trouble seeing them get outbid, but I suppose it’s possible. Giles is just 22 and was an elite player as a teenager before a series of injuries sapped some athleticism. He is a good passer from the elbows but his narrowish frame is slightly undersized at center; however, he’s almost forced to pay there by his limited shooting range and somewhat stiff movement.
Also, there’s the little matter of the fouls. Giles committed 8.7 fouls per 100 possessions last season, an obscenely high rate that led all players with at least 500 minutes played.
Giles’s injury history also is scary, although at his likely price it’s much less of a concern. I only listed one-year value here, but Giles makes a good flier on a multi-year, low-dollar deal for a rebuilding team with some leftover money.
Aron Baynes
Subjectively I like Baynes better than several of the names just above him. It’s a surprise to see Baynes down here given how well he played early in the season for Phoenix, and overall this still might have been his best statistical season.
But I can see the other side of the argument, too. Baynes’s play really tailed off the second half of the year and the Suns played their best basketball once he was out of the lineup. That last part is perhaps unfair — it’s not his fault the other dudes caught fire — but the deeper you dig on Baynes the iffier his resume looks.
Let’s start with the positive: He made shots. Baynes shot 35.1 percent on his goofy-looking push 3s, and 58.2 percent inside the arc, and shot enough to tally 24.4 points per 100 possessions. That’s really good for a center, although one can fairly question whether that 3-point rate is sustainable.
Nonetheless, neither PI-PM nor Raptor saw him as a notably impactful offensive player, and defensively he struggled to make an impact. Baynes saw both his rebound and block rates dip sharply at age 33, and also had a sky-high foul rate (7.2 per 100).
Overall, BORG saw him as slightly better than a minimum player a year ago, but with the age adjustment for 2020-21 he’s with the minimum guys. Too harsh? Perhaps. Certainly, somebody in need of a center will sign him, likely with a chunk of exception money.
John Henson
Of the bigs likely to be available with the one-year minimum, I like Henson the best. He’s pretty mobile despite pushing 30, and his lack of muscle in the middle is increasingly becoming less of a concern because of how the league has changed. His defensive metrics last season were very good while toiling in anonymity for two terrible teams last year, including a high block rate.
Offensively Henson is no perimeter threat but is still long and bouncy enough to shoot 78.5 percent at the rim last year and he has a pretty effective jump hook game against switches. I wouldn’t go crazy here, but I’d be pretty okay with him as my fifth big.
Tristan Thompson
Thompson averaged a double-double last year, believe it or not, but it’s hard to look at his year and say he was truly productive with a 51.8 percent 2-point shooting percentage and a jump in turnovers. The one thing he still does in bunches is grab rebounds, yanking down 18.6 percent of missed shots last season. Defensively he’s unspectacular, although he did boost his block rate last season. Overall I’d lump him in with Henson at the top of my minimum contract center pool.
Drew Eubanks (R), San Antonio
Eubanks gave the Spurs some good minutes in the bubble, including an impactful performance against New Orleans that inspired me to write a mini-ode to his play.
Bigger picture, the Spurs’ 2-way is ready to sign a deal for a full roster spot and likely deserves one after his 2019-20 performance. He’s a bit undersized for a center at 6-9 and doesn’t have any shooting range, but has enough explosion around the basket to rim run effectively and is capable of playing solid drop coverage as a rim protector. At 23, there’s still hope for more.
Noah Vonleh
It seems like he’s been around forever but Vonleh is just 25 and he still teases with the idea that he might put it all together. While cycling through six different teams, Vonleh at various times has flashed ballhandling skill, some 3-point capability, plus rebounding, and switchability, but never for very long and never all at the same time.
If I were a rebuilding team, I still might be tempted to bring him on a minimum flier. His last two seasons were roughly replacement level, and hints remain that he might deliver something better in the future.
Kyle Alexander (R), Miami
Miami’s 2-way was one of the best players in the G League and could be the next player to break out in the Heat’s Sioux Falls-NBA pipeline. A bouncy, skinny rim runner who played just 14 NBA minutes last season, Alexander probably comes back on another 2-way or a minimum deal.
Donta Hall
Similar to Alexander above — his frequent rival over four years of Alabama-Tennessee games in the SEC — Hall is an undersized 5 who dominated in the G League and is ready to take the next step up the ladder. Unlike Alexander, no team controls his rights, and he should be a target for rebuilding teams in need of frontcourt depth.
Willy Hernangomez
When I watched him as a younger player in Spain, I always thought Hernangomez would eventually be able to make 3s as a pro, but it hasn’t happened yet. It needs to because the rest of his game isn’t quite good enough to stay in a rotation otherwise. Hernangomez rebounds, can score in the post, and has good footwork around the basket, but is a minus defender and makes way too many turnovers. At 26, time is running out.
Meyers Leonard
Leonard actually started 49 games for Miami this year, albeit not very productively, before the Heat deep-sixed him in the playoffs. His biggest selling point, by far, is a 39.0 percent career mark on 3s, including 41.4 percent last season. While it’s a low release and he has to be completely set, that weapon gives him some offensive value. Leonard can also fly down the lane for the occasional dunk, but rim running isn’t his specialty.
Defensively, his game is much more suspect, with poor rebound and block rates and little capability to guard beyond the 3-point line. He still belongs in the league and would be a sensible target as a third center on a minimum deal, especially for teams who can periodically weaponize his shooting in the right matchup.
Mike Muscala (PO), Oklahoma City
Muscala has a player option for $2.2 million, which is just the minimum, but I can’t imagine a scenario where he does any better than that after he fell out of the Thunder’s big man rotation this season.
Thon Maker
Maker becomes an interesting proposition if he can convert 3s closer to a 40 percent clip. At 34.4 percent for his career, however, there’s nothing to see here. He offers some intriguing switchability at the defensive end and has a plus motor, but he doesn’t have enough muscle to score near the basket and he fouls in bunches as a result of his strength disadvantage.
Udonis Haslem
Not a lot to discuss here in terms of basketball since he never plays, but one presumes he’ll be back in his role as a glorified assistant coach with Miami.
Moses Brown (R), Portland
The Blazers’ raw 2-way only played NBA 35 minutes but managed to swat five shots in that time. He put up some impressive stats in the G League as a 20-year-old, although the fact he had just five assists in 30 games is a bit troubling. I’d expect him to be back on another two-way or a minimum deal in Portland’s player development incubator.
Bismack Biyombo
Biyombo has lost a bit off bounce the past few years so his rebounding and shot-blocking aren’t quite in the elite territory of his early-mid 20s. Which is unfortunate, because his offensive contribution is near-zero as a non-shooter without much in the way of ball skills. He still could figure into the equation next year if a team needs a third center.
Ian Mahinmi
Like a lot of the centers on this list, Mahinmi offers decent mobility and plus shot-blocking but just doesn’t pack enough offensive punch for the way teams play in 2020. He turns 34 in early November and may have a difficult time procuring even a minimum deal.
Damian Jones, (R), Atlanta
Somehow started more than 20 games each of the past two seasons. I’m guessing there won’t be a three-peat. I have no expectation that the Hawks will give him a qualifying offer or make any other effort to retain him, as they basically replaced him with Clint Capela and Dewayne Dedmon at the trade deadline and likely will keep Skal Labissiere above as the third center.
Jones actually cut his turnover rate last season and scored pretty efficiently around the basket, but despite being big and fairly athletic he is weirdly awful at rebounding (just 12.5 percent Rebound Rate in 2019-20) and inconsistent at best on defense. No longer 2-way eligible, he’ll likely have to rebuild his stock in the G League and hope for a 10-day.
Jahlil Okafor
Came to the NBA in the wrong century. Okafor can get buckets on the low block, but nobody wants to post up anymore and he’s far too limited in the other phases of the game —particularly defensively—to warrant a significant role.
Kyle O’Quinn
Physical, high-IQ guy who is popular in the locker room, but he’s 30 and lost his job to Norvell Pelle last year. O’Quinn’s lack of offensive mojo in particular (just 15.8 points per 100 last year) likely limits his attractiveness.
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2020.10.30 13:40 UberHansen Game Matchups Preview #8: Bills vs. Patriots

Before every Bills’ game I spend some time, probably too much time, digging into how the Bills roster stacks up against their opponent’s. While doing this I specifically look at 5 matchups; Bills’ Pass Offense vs. Opponent’s Pass Defense, Bills’ Rush Offense vs. Opponent’s Rush Defense, Bills’ Pass Defense vs. Opponent’s Pass Offense, Bills’ Rush Defense vs. Opponent’s Rush Offense, Bills’ Special Teams vs. Opponent’s Special Teams. After doing all of this I try to come up with reasons “Why We Will Lose” and “Why We Will Win” ultimately leading to a prediction. Below I present 2020’s 8th iteration of this analysis for the Bills upcoming home game against the Patriots. Included is a scale to rank the advantage in each matchup from 👏👏👏👏👏 (Massive Advantage) to 👏 (Minimal Advantage).
Bills’ Passing Offense vs. Patriots’ Passing Defense
It isn’t hyperbole to say that Sunday’s game against the Patriots is the single most significant of Josh Allen’s career. Of course you could argue other games like the “Leap Heard Round the World”, or Turkey Day 2019, or the “Renegade” Game, or even the “Common Sense” Bowl were integral to the story of JA’s career but something just hits different about Sunday. Sunday presents an opportunity for Josh Allen that a Bills’ QB has not seen this millennium, an opportunity to bury the Patriots. Win this game and the excitement in Western New York may reach levels not seen since the early 90s. Lose this game and the resounding sentiment will be “Same Old Bills”. The fate of this team seemingly rests on a 24 year old QB’s shoulder, so to him, and the rest of the Bills’ roster, are you the “Same Old Bills”?
But passing the ball won’t be easy Sunday. The Patriots are just a year removed from being the #1 DVOA Pass Defense in the NFL and while they come into Sunday ranked 23rd the talent still exists. 2019 DPOY, Stephon Gilmore, headlines this unit and, assuming he plays, will likely be glued to Stefon Diggs for the entirety of Sunday. Outside of Gilmore the now 33 year-old McCourty twins will parole the secondary where they have built solid careers off of their coverage abilities combining for 46 interceptions, 193 passes defended, and even 5 touchdowns. The secondary is rounded out by Jonathan Jones and J.C. Jackson who since 2018 have a combined 312 targets against and are only giving up a 56.1 Cmp%. J.C. Jackson sneakily may be the best DB on the roster right now but regardless talent is strewn about this secondary.
And to counter that talent the Bills NEED John Brown. Since his injury the Bills have not been the same on offense, most notably their inability to hit the deep pass. Brown and Diggs feed off each other with each possessing the moniker of “Deep Threat”. This results in teams being forced to play 2-deep safeties instead of moving one forward and having the other shade to Diggs’ side. Forcing teams into these formations provides the Bills more cushion underneath and with the way that Cole Beasley is playing right now teams will have to pick their poison when it comes to stopping the Bills. If healthy the receiving corps feeds off of each other unlike any unit in the NFL, and if that is the case Sunday it could be a big game for this air attack.
EDGE: Bills 👏 👏
Bills’ Rushing Offense vs. Patriots’ Rushing Defense
This game will be won or lost in the trenches. For the Bills part they are getting a massive boost on Sunday with the return of Jon Feliciano who outside of Mitch Morse is arguably the most important player on the Bills’ OL. Feliciano seems to be the key to unlocking the Bills run game, which has struggled in 2020, as a player who excels in run blocking by mauling defenders in his gaps. If he is as advertised expect a heavy dose of runs to the A and B gap on the right side of the line with both Devin Singletary and Zack Moss getting carries this week. The Bills can seize an opportunity here against a Patriots team which currently ranks 27th in rushing yards against per game.
This Patriots front seven is not as talented as years past, but there are still some good players in this group. Starting LB Ja’Whaun Bentley is a career backup thrust into a starting role by star LB Dont’a Hightower opting out due to COVID. Bentley excels against the run, but struggles against the pass, as a wide bodied upfield LB. Outside of Bentley there is no other LBs of note so the focus shifts to the DL. Here the Patriots have journeymen defenders like DE John Simon and DT Lawrence Guy who have built careers as run first defenders capable of challenging RBs in the backfield. The only other player of note is Chase Winovich who hasn’t lived up to the hype that most Patriots fans’ placed on him after he was drafted in the 3rd round of the 2019 draft, but the Michigan standout (43 TFL in 41 Games) does possess all of the physical skills to put out a dominant performance.
The Bills have a chance to make some noise on the ground here especially if they are able to move the ball at all through the air. This game screams Zack Moss as a downhill runner seems more likely to do damage against a secondary which is often in nickel or dime formations. Look for the Bills to pull Mitch Morse often, to the right, in an attempt to get an RB to the edge with an OL in front. And while it isn’t technically a pass the Isaiah McKenzie push pass this week looks to be a massive weapon against an LB group that lacks speed and a defensive line which struggles setting the edge.
EDGE: Patriots 👏
Bills’ Passing Defense vs. Patriots’ Passing Offense
It is looking like the Bills could be without key players in the secondary with Levi Wallace (CB), Josh Norman (CB), and Micah Hyde (S) all nursing injuries. Missing all of these players are hits to a defense which has struggled through 2020 but the loss of Hyde could leave a massive void in the Bills secondary. Last week I broke down a play where the Bills’ Palms Zone scheme collapsed and the loss of Hyde makes this significantly more likely to happen on a consistent basis. Hyde is the figurative straw that stirs the drink and while his stats may seem bare this year he is one of the few players that consistently does his 1/11th. It will be interesting to see how the Bills play without their Center Fielder Sunday and is something Bills’ fans should be wary of if they see the Patriots attempt a deep pass.
But in all honesty who would the Patriots attempt said deep pass to? The Patriots top-2 receivers, Edelman and Harry, are unlikely to suit up Sunday meaning the Patriots are left with a top-3 (Based on targets) of Damiere Byrd (WR), Ryan Izzo (TE), and Jakobi Meyers (WR). Byrd has spent the majority of his career on practice Squads or the IR but could compete for fastest player in the NFL as he ran a 4.28, on grass, at his Pro Day in 2015. Ryan Izzo isn’t much more than a 6th lineman at this early stage in his career as he only has 21 targets for 13 catches in 12 games played up until now. And second year WR Jakobi Meyers flashed a bit in 2019 with 6 games of 35+ yards receiving, in a reserve role, but is more well known for breaking Torry Holt’s NC State single season reception record than anything he has done in the NFL. Fact: This is the worst group of receivers the Bills have faced in 2020.
If the Bills struggle to cover this group, even with the injuries their secondary is dealing with, then nothing can be assumed or expected of them moving forward. What Bills’ fans should expect is that the Bills defense leaves Sunday with more interception than they came in with, assuming the Patriots throw the ball once. So far the Patriots’ 3 QBs have combined for 11 Interceptions, better known as more interceptions than Josh Allen has in his last 21 games. Frankly, Newton looks completely lost throwing the ball. When his receivers are able to get separation, though rare, he is often completely missing in wildly different locations. His deep ball looks weak, his accuracy has been poor, his reads have been off, and he is turning the ball over at an alarming clip. The Bills have a massive advantage here and should be expected to dominate this matchup.
EDGE: Bills 👏 👏 👏
Bills’ Rushing Defense vs. Patriots’ Rushing Offense
This is where the Bills win or lose this game. The defensive headlines against the Jets hyped up a team which gave up only 220 yards with 4 of those coming in the second half. Those are great statistics to get excited about but what stood out to me most is Frank Gore’s YPC of 5.5 with runs of; 8, 11, 7, 2, 7, 0, 2, 9, 13, -1, 2. A 37 year old Frank Gore rushing behind a weak OL was consistently producing chunk yardage against this Bills’ team. That’s not good. The problem still seems to be across the board with the DL often getting blown back and the LBs failing to come forward and make plays. But Bills’ fans rejoice, it is looking more and more likely Matt Milano should be full-tilt Sunday, which is a huge boost for this team.
Do any of these names scream STUD to you? Rex Burkhead, Damien Harris, J.J. Taylor, James White. The answer is no. But still, these RBs respectively are putting up Y/C of 3.9, 5.4, 4.4, 4.3, all of which are solid numbers that make up a rushing attack which is putting up 155.0 yards per game, ranked 4th in the NFL. Each of them is under 6’0” and under 220lbs but outside of Burkhead, who is built to run downhill, the other 3 have the ability to take one to the house with sub 4.62 speed. But the highlight of the rushing attack isn’t the RBs, it’s Cam Newton. On the ground Newton may not be his 2015 MVP-self but he is still a threat and used as one. Outside of last week’s game against SF he has 9+ carries in every game and to date has 244 rushing yards, 5 rushing TDs, and is averaging 4.9 Y/C. The Patriots like to get Newton to the edge and this week a heavy dose of that should be expected via Power-Read Options.
So this is it, can the Bills stop the run? I will intently be watching Ed Oliver this week who may still feel slighted by Cam Newton’s comments to him at training camp in 2019. Oliver needs to push the pocket this week and allow the LBs and DEs to focus contain. He will need to do this against solid 5th year starter David Andrews, who could be exposed this week with both flanking guards, Shaq Mason (RG) & Joe Thuney (LG), dealing with injuries. If neither of them, or only one of them play Ed Oliver has the ability to wreck this game. If both of them do play they produce one of the best interior OLs in the entire NFL, which would be bad news for a Bills’ team that has been continually gashed up the middle in 2020.
EDGE: Patriots 👏 👏 👏 👏
Bills’ Special Teams vs. Patriots’ Special Teams
Another game, another set of flashes by the Bills’ return man Andre Roberts. Against the Jets he averaged 40.0 Y/KR and 7.7 Y/PR. Roberts continues to be a game changing weapon that has the ability to flip the field, which will come in use Sunday. Bojo didn’t have a punt but at least this week did a much better job than Dan Marino of holding on kicks. Then there is Bass. Six FGs is an incredible game for a kicker but it’s the 45 and 37 yard miss that still have me concerned. As of now I need to cover my eyes every time he kicks, here is to hoping that changes. One unsung note about Bass, his kickoffs seems to be by design high arching kicks short of the endzone. This is a big reason why the Bills rank 11th in the league for opponents starting field position.
Gunner Olszewski is the main return man for the Patriots but has just 1 PR and 9 KRs on the season. In his two year career he is averaging a solid 9.1 Y/PR and 25.8 Y/KR. At Punter is Jake Bailey who is having a stellar season with in incredible -1.1 difference between Punt Avg. and Net Punt Avg. while dropping 11 of his 15 punts inside the 20 and 0 TBs. At kicker is Nick Folk who is 9 of 11 on FGs with misses from 45 and 51 as well as an XP miss.
EDGE: Bills 👏
Why We Will Lose
The weather report for Sunday plays right into the Patriots hand. Rain and winds of 25-50 MPH will make throwing the ball extremely difficult, which incredibly is the strength of the Bills and weakness of the Patriots. On offense this means that a Patriots’ team that is averaging 31 rushing attempts per game is likely to surpass their season high of 42 (Week 1) on Sunday. Historically the Patriots have beaten up the Bills via running back by committee and this week presents the same challenge. Add in a running QB and the Bills will have their hands full with one of the better rushing attacks they have played in years.
On defense the Patriots’ strength, their secondary, combats the Bills’ strength, their passing game. Of course this assumes the Bills are able to affectively throw the ball in the on-field weather conditions Sunday. If they can’t throw the ball the Bills will be forced to run it which has been a mixed bag for Buffalo this season. Make no mistake, Bill Belichick is well aware of Josh Allen’s fumble issues and has surely coached up his team to attack a wet ball all game in an effort to force multiple turnovers. If this happens, the Bills could fall behind early and struggle to find their way back into this game.
Why We Will Win
When is the last time the Bills clearly had more talent on their roster than the Patriots? Across the board the Bills seem to be better with their biggest advantage at QB. One of the main reasons Josh Allen was drafted was for games like this where his arm strength is able to combat the conditions unlike anyone else in the NFL. Even if he struggles through the air expect JA to use his legs more this week than he has the majority of the season as there should be a slew of running lanes available to him all game. JA, Singletary, and Moss should be able to pick up yards on the ground, and if they can the Bills offense should roll.
On defense the Bills must do the opposite of what they did against the Chiefs, bail out on the run by neglecting the pass. If the Bills can force Newton to beat them through the air this is a winnable game for Buffalo. This means the Bills are likely to be in their base defense with Edmunds, Milano, and Klein together on the field more often this week than at any point this season. You couple that with an injured interior OL and Buffalo has a chance to dominate the run and do something similar to what SF did to NE last week.
Prediction: Bills 21 – Patriots 17
I’ve never flip-flopped so much on a pick. Coming into writing this post I was 90% sure I would pick the Patriots to win this game. They matchup so well with Buffalo and have the innate ability to attack the Bills weaknesses while defending their strengths. Still, something feels different and I have an odd amount of confidence in Josh Allen this week. In games past against the Patriots he has been a wide eyed young QB trying to prove himself against his idol. This week I expect him to take what is given to him, playing a solid game, and lead the Bills to a massive victory against the Patriots. Folks, this isn’t your “Same Old Bills”.
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2020.10.28 11:01 howlincoyote2k1 An open letter to the Arizona Coyotes Hockey Club

I recently drafted and sent a letter to [email protected]. Thanks u/AngelOfPassion for sharing the email address. I hope what I wrote to the team captures how we feel as a fanbase.
To whom it may concern within the Arizona Coyotes Hockey Club:
I have been a diehard fan of the team for 23 years, dating back to the inaugural postseason against the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim. I invite you to take a close look at my email address; it was inspired by my fandom in this team back when I was 15 years old, and being a then-Phoenix Coyotes fan was my #1 point of pride above all else in the world. To this day, I continue to use the howlincoyote2k1 moniker as my Twitter handle, my Reddit username, and in a host of other online communities, hockey-related or not.
But right now, I'm nothing short of embarrassed and dismayed at your decision to draft Mitchell Miller.
Surely the top decision-makers in the organization are aware of today's sociopolitical climate and the steps taken by the National Hockey League to foster diversity and social justice. To draft a player such as Mitchell Miller--all the while being well aware of his past as his horrific, revolting actions were well-documented--is, at best, flummoxing and at worst, gravely troubling.
I hope you understand just how difficult of an undertaking it has been to remain a diehard fan of this team for well over two decades. We have been forced to endure near-constant financial instability, an ownership fiasco, more relocation rumors than I know how to count, having to drive out to Glendale to attend games only to often be outnumbered by visiting fans, a lack of on-ice star power and name recognition, and a grand total of one advancement beyond the first round of the Stanley Cup Playoffs. It's painful.
And that's not even talking about what we've had to deal with this year. The team's reputation was already damaged by the events with John Chayka and the illegal prospect testing which cost us valuable draft picks. Those events have left Coyotes fans with little hope that the Coyotes will be able to ice an exciting, competitive product in the coming years.
I want to know why the Arizona Coyotes Hockey Club concluded that Mitchell Miller was the most appropriate selection to make with the 111th selection in the 2020 NHL Entry Draft, particularly when you take into consideration all I have laid out above. In what scenario does this selection transform into a net positive for the team? Even if he were to become a Hall of Fame-caliber superstar (which is highly unlikely as it is), he still carries the stain of his actions and serves as an "action" that speaks louder than the words the Coyotes and National Hockey League have spoken regarding racial (and all other forms of) equality.
I want to continue my support of this team. I want to go back to Gila River Arena in Glendale to cheer on the Coyotes once a new season begins and it is safe to do so. I want to be excited for a new season and to embrace the hope that maybe, just maybe, we'll defy the odds and go on a long postseason run in 2021. The off-ice events of 2020 have hampered our outlook for the future, no doubt, but as fans we just want to support the team.
But then you drafted Mitchell Miller. You saw a kid who did not have a history of bullying. You read that right. Mitchell Miller does not have a history of bullying.
Because what he did to Isaiah Meyer-Crothers was far, far, far worse than simple bullying. It was vicious, unadulterated abuse. Mitchell Miller is not merely a bully. He is a troubled psychopath who needs help from a professional. And this wasn't a one-time incident. This continued for years.
But you saw this kid. You were aware of his actions. You were aware of the horrible physical and mental trauma this kid put Isaiah Meyer-Crothers through. You were aware that he failed to apologize to Meyer-Crothers and his family and offer sincere restitution. And yet, this was who you wanted and you took him.
As you've read, us Coyotes fans have been through more than our share of despair during the team's time in Arizona, all in hopes that one day, maybe one day, it'll all turn around and get better.. But this. This is too much. This is too far. This is far more than this Coyotes fan can bear. I can not, in good faith, support a team who willfully selected someone with this kind of abusive history to represent this organization. I understand offering second chances, but second chances must be legitimately earned through sincere remorse, restitution, and forgiveness and endorsement from the offended party. I have yet to see any of that from Mitchell Miller.
Like I said, I want to continue to cheer for this team, but corrections must be made first.
  1. Any relationship, professional or otherwise, between the Arizona Coyotes Hockey Club and Mitchell Miller must be fully, immediately and permanently terminated.
  2. The Club must offer an official statement of apology and significant donation to the Meyer-Crothers family.
  3. The Club must offer an official statement of apology to the Club's supporters, as well as to the National Hockey League, for the selection of Mitchell Miller. The Club must also accept any kind of punishment or sanction to be handed down by the League as they deem appropriate.
  4. The Club must offer a significant donation to the Hockey Diversity Alliance.
The above steps will reassure me, as well as many other Coyotes fans, that the Coyotes are dedicated to holding its members, on and off the ice, to the highest standard possible. The Coyotes need to make very clear that this was a mistake and make every effort possible to correct and restitute this. In order for the Coyotes to thrive in Arizona, the team needs to make every effort to market itself and reach out to all of Arizona's diverse population. Drafting Mitchell Miller, with his history well known, is exactly antithetical to that objective.
However, I will be willing to forgive the Coyotes for this error by fulfilling the above steps. Otherwise, I will be left with no choice but to cut ties and offer my fandom and support to another franchise.
I do not want to abandon the Coyotes. I have been passionately devoted to this team for 23 years. I've been to about 100 total home games, a number that would be significantly higher if I still lived in Arizona. I don't want to just throw all that away, but I can't support a team that drafted someone like Mitchell Miller without taking steps to correct and restitute.
I plead with you to take my words seriously. Hockey is for people of all backgrounds, all races and all identities. It is not for bullies, psychopaths, haters, or abusers.
Feel free to respond with any questions, comments or concerns. In the meantime, my hope is for you to simply do the right thing.
Regards,
[name redacted]
submitted by howlincoyote2k1 to Coyotes [link] [comments]


2020.10.25 19:23 Watchdogs66 Our "Drive to 245": The Twenty-Seventh Step (Third Quarter)

The Drive To 245: Deprive the GOP In 25
 
In 2014 and with 234 House seats, the NRCC launched the “Drive to 245” campaign for the 2014 midterms, which focused on securing 245 seats for the 114th Congress. At the close of the midterms, they ended up picking up 13 seats, putting their new majority to 247 seats, 2 seats above the goal. For the majority of this election cycle, we had at least 234 House seats to start with, until a turncoat in disguise switched to the GOP in December 2019 (get fucked Jeff Van Drew) and we lost one of our districts in a May 2020 special election (get your act together Christy Smith). Despite these setbacks, getting to 245 seats in the next election is possible for us to achieve, if we are smart about it.
 
In late November 2018, I began by compiling an initial list of 25 potential districts that could give us the necessary gains for us to make the necessary net gain of 10 seats to fulfill our “Drive to 245” campaign goal. I then outlined the state representatives and state senators that we have on our side that live within (or at least represent a good portion of) the identified districts in the second step, which was split into parts one and two. These local officials are often our first line of offense when it comes to selecting appropriate candidates to flip GOP congressional districts, as these people often start out with significant amounts of name recognition (at least compared to most political novices), developed campaign infrastructures, and established donor networks to draw on. In the third step, I explored four different ways that these state representatives and state senators can help promising candidates build a solid platform to flip these 25 districts, even if we are not able to recruit any of these seasoned individuals themselves. I then proceeded to identify every individual local county Democratic organization within in each of these 25 districts to determine how much of a viable network exists towards flipping any of these districts, and whether any of them appear to be fledgling and underfunded, which was split into parts one, two, and three. I then proceeded to draw up rough battle plans to recruit the best candidates that are suitable towards making the necessary gains for the proposed 245 House seats, which I covered in parts one, two, and three. Since then, I updated my list of 25 districts to better reflect the developments that have occurred since November 2018, as well as the candidates from our end that have filed in those districts. After that, I covered updated game plans for the updated 25 districts, which was again split into parts one, two, and three. Another comprehensive update to the list was conducted in early July to account for the GOP retirements, lack of Democratic candidate recruitment for several districts, and other remarkable events that have occurred, all of which have been documented in said update. From there, more detailed plans were made that illustrated the overall status of the Democratic campaigns for each of these districts, which can be found in parts one, two, three, and four. These plans also highlighted which candidates appeared to have the most organized campaigns for each district, and which ones out of these strongest candidates needed the most assistance in terms of fundraising. Donation plans were also made that could sufficiently help out these struggling candidates, if every active user of this subreddit took part. After that, I provided a detailed plan for defending our 5 most endangered Democratic incumbents for this cycle. I next discussed the different methods that volunteers can help out a campaign, and what good campaigns should provide in such activities to optimize their voter outreach effectiveness, both of which can be found in parts one and two. In October 2019, I then provided another comprehensive review of the 25 districts that are the most likely to flip blue and the ideal strategies to accomplish that goal, which can be found in parts one, two, three, and four. After that, I provided an update on the overall status of our top 5 most endangered incumbents, and posted a rescue plan to help out the least financially stable campaigns, both of which can be found in this post. My next step provided day-by-day calendars highlighting volunteer events within the targeted 25 districts that helped participants develop vital Democratic infrastructure in those areas. These calendars, which ran from October 31 to January 15, can be found in parts one, two, three, and four. In late January, I gave a third update on the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle. At the start of February 2020, I gave a fresh analysis of the 25 districts with the best chances of going blue, which are provided in parts one, two, three, and four. I then jumped to a day-by-day calendar of volunteer events of congressional campaigns operating throughout the 25 districts, which was originally planned to be released in four parts. However, the quickly deteriorating COVID-19 situation has forced this series to be suspended halfway through this step. The two calendars provided in this step, which ran from February 7 to March 19, can be found here and here. In April 2020, I provided an updated study of the 25 districts with the highest chances of flipping as well as the optimal strategies for each of these districts, which was delivered in parts one, two, three, and four. Later in May 2020, I provided another update on the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle and their performances. I subsequently proceeded in June 2020 to provide a list of the competitive state house and state senate districts that overlapped one of the 30 congressional districts that this series targeted or defended, which was delivered in parts one, two, three, and four. Starting in late July 2020, I provided an updated perspective of the 25 districts with the highest chances of flipping as well as the optimal strategies for each of these districts, all of which were provided in parts one, two, three, and four. Shortly thereafter in August 2020, I provided a fresh update on the campaign status of the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle. From there, I supplied a fresh view on the status of our campaigns in competitive state house and state senate districts that overlapped one of the 30 congressional districts that was targeted or defended by this series, which was given in parts one, two, three, and four. Next, I provided a calendar highlighting the important dates for the congressional campaigns operating within the 30 districts targeted and defended by this series. In October 2020, I provided a final comprehensive review of the 25 districts with the highest chances of flipping as well as the optimal strategies to pursue for each of these districts, which was delivered in parts one, two, three, and four. Shortly thereafter, I provided a final update on the general standing of the top 5 incumbents to defend this cycle.
 
This step will provide a final update on the competitive state house and state senate districts that lie within or near the 30 congressional districts that this series is either targeting or defending. These state legislative districts are grouped by state, and were then listed in the order of the related congressional districts’ overall priority, which is roughly based on factors such as whether there is an important up-ballot statewide race (Presidential or Senate) to support and the overall competitiveness of the congressional districts in question. Given the overall length of these strategies, this step will be split into four quarters. In this step’s first quarter, a list of competitive state legislative districts located in Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and New York was provided. The second quarter examined target legislative districts situated in Oklahoma, Utah, South Carolina, and New Mexico.
In this third quarter, key districts in Texas, Ohio, Illinois, Florida, and Indiana will be examined. Every state legislative district listed in this post will include its current controlling party (D or R), incumbent’s name (or an OPEN indication if said incumbent is retiring), experimentally calculated Cook PVI, the CNalysis rating given at the time of this writing, and the congressional districts that it overlaps with. The Democratic nominee’s campaign website and latest fundraising numbers will also be provided, as well as the latest fundraising numbers of the GOP opponent. At the end of each state’s group of legislative districts, a summary of the status of our campaigns there will be delivered.
Some candidates are indicated with a minus or a plus, which indicates the overall quality of their campaign websites according to criteria that was listed in the twentieth step of this series.
 
Texas:
SD-19 (R, Peter Flores, D+4, Lean D): TX-21, TX-23
Roland Gutierrez (+): $1,199,210, https://rolandfortexas.com/ GOP: Peter Flores: $1,972,033
HD-26 (R, OPEN, R+10, Tossup): TX-22
L. Sarah DeMerchant (+): $356,860, https://www.democratdemerchant.com/ GOP: Jacey Jetton: $703,757
HD-45 (D, Erin Zwiener, R+6, Lean D): TX-21
Erin Zwiener (+): $703,996, https://www.erinforyall.com/ GOP: Carrie Isaac: $543,805
HD-47 (D, Vikki Goodwin, R+6, Lean D): TX-10, TX-21
Vikki Goodwin (+): $408,857, https://vikkigoodwin.com/ GOP: Justin Berry: $749,230
HD-65 (D, Michelle Beckley, R+6, Lean D): TX-24
Michelle Beckley (+): $378,698, https://www.michellebeckley.com/ GOP: Kronda Thimesch: $484,657
HD-92 (R, OPEN, R+11, Tossup): TX-24
Jeff Whitfield (+): $693,026, https://www.whitfieldfortexas.com/ GOP: Jeff Cason: $581,581
HD-108 (R, Morgan Meyer, R+5, Tilt D): TX-24
Joanna Cattanach (+): $823,593, https://joannafortexas.com/ GOP: Morgan Meyer: $1,290,242
HD-121 (R, Steve Allison, R+10, Tilt R): TX-21
Celina Montoya: $619,387, https://www.celinamontoya.org/ GOP: Steve Allison: $769,032
HD-132 (D, Gina Calanni, R+8, Tilt D): TX-10
Gina Calanni (+): $491,402, https://www.ginacalanni.com/ GOP: Mike Schofield: $383,387
Summary: Roland Gutierrez is raising an extraordinary amount for his SD-19 run, but is still getting outraised by the district’s GOP incumbent Peter Flores, according to the 30 Days Before General reports. The State House races are very remarkable in itself, as every single Democratic nominee in the above listed races have surpassed the $290,000 fundraising mark as of the 30 Days Before General reports, which is generally what winning State House campaigns raise for the entire cycle, if past trends in Texas races hold. However, the Democrats in HD-26, HD-47, HD-65, HD-108, and HD-121 are being outraised by their GOP opponents. All in all, we have made an outrageous amount of progress over the past two years to have a decent chance of winning all of the above Texas state legislative races. Truly a sight to behold.
Ohio:
HD-27 (R, Tom Brinkman Jr., R+9, Tilt R): OH-01
Sara Bitter (+): $241,221, https://sarabitter.com/ GOP: Tom Brinkman Jr.: $606,793
HD-28 (D, Jessica Miranda, R+1, Lean D): OH-01
Jessica Miranda (-): $414,397, https://jessicaforohio.com/ GOP: Chris Monzel: $219,163
Summary: According to the pre-general reports, the Democratic nominees in the two listed State House races in Ohio have broken the $230,000 fundraising marks, which is generally the baseline for a winning State House campaign in Ohio to achieve. However, the Democratic nominee in HD-27, Sara Bitter, is still being outraised by the GOP incumbent, Tom Brinkman Jr. More volunteer support to Sara Bitter’s campaign in the last few weeks would help improve our chances of flipping this State House district to blue. Ohio is in short another state where we are in excellent condition in the listed state legislative races.
Illinois:
HD-111 (D, Monica Bristow, R+5, Lean D): IL-13
Monica Bristow (+): $1,476,975, https://bristowforrep.com/ GOP: Amy Elik: $276,911
Summary: The Democratic incumbent in the sole State House race highlighted for Illinois, Monica Bristow, has posted exceptionally strong fundraising numbers as of the D-2 Quarterly reports for the Q3 period. Other than that, there is really nothing to see here.
Florida:
HD-59 (D, OPEN, R+2, Tilt D): FL-15, FL-16
Andrew Learned (+): $327,992, https://andrewlearned.com/ GOP: Michael Owen: $405,385
HD-60 (R, Jackie Toledo, R+4, Tilt D): FL-15, FL-16
Julie Jenkins (+): $272,477, https://votejuliejenkins.com/ GOP: Jackie Toledo: $584,900
HD-72 (D, OPEN, R+4, Tossup): FL-16
Drake Buckman (+): $175,662, https://buckmanforfl.com/ GOP: Fiona McFarland: $474,495
Summary: The October 16 reports show that Democratic nominee Andrew Learned in HD-59 has passed the $310,000 fundraising mark in his campaign, which is generally a goal that a winning State House campaign in Florida should achieve. All three Democratic nominees listed in this section, however, are getting outraised by their GOP opponents. HD-72, in particular, should receive our attention and donations. The financial gap between the Democratic nominee there, Drake Buckman, and his GOP opponent Fiona McFarland is large, but not impossibly so. A flood of last minute donations there would allow Drake Buckman to run a stronger campaign and can distinguishably improve our chances of victory in this particular State House race.
Indiana:
SD-30 (R, John Ruckelshaus, D+3, Lean D): IN-05
Fady Qaddoura (+): $575,080, https://www.fady4indiana.com/ GOP: John Ruckelshaus: $820,011
HD-35 (D, Melanie Wright, R+14, Tilt R): IN-05
Melanie Wright (-): $91,150, No website yet, but has a Facebook campaign website: https://www.facebook.com/votemelaniewright/ GOP: Elizabeth Rowray: $224,132
HD-36 (D, Terri Austin, R+3, Lean D): IN-05
Terri Austin (-): $87,041, No website yet, but has a Facebook campaign website: https://www.facebook.com/StateRepresentativeTerriJAustin GOP: Kyle Pierce: $123,606
Summary: According to the 2020 pre-election reports, Fady Quaddoura has raised an extraordinary amount in his SD-30 campaign, but is still running slightly behind the district’s GOP incumbent John Ruckelshaus in that department. The two State House races listed for Indiana is rather strange, as I cannot find official campaigns website for the Democratic incumbent for these two districts. HD-36 is the sole race to focus here, as Democratic incumbent Terri Austin is currently being outraised by her GOP opponent Kyle Pierce. A large amount of last minute donations would highly benefit our odds of holding this State House district.
 
And thus we come the end of this step’s third quarter. After that, the final quarter will cover competitive districts in California, Colorado, Nebraska, and Montana. So stay tuned! Any corrections or comments are welcome.
submitted by Watchdogs66 to VoteDEM [link] [comments]


2020.10.23 21:04 snlstats SNL Stats Notes S46, E3 (Rae/Bieber)

Hey guys, here are my notes from last week's show. I will try and put them up here earlier in the week.
If you haven't seen our latest roundtable, we had the great Dennis Perkins from The A.V. Club, Liz Shannon Miller from Collider and superfan Sammy Kay join us (check it out now!)
Cold Open (Dueling Town Halls)
Monologue
Canadian News Show
5-Hour Empathy
First Date Exes
Musical Guest
Weekend Update
Your Voice Chicago
Dancer
Jack Flatts
eBay
Cut Sketch – Sunday Night Plans
Total Appearances
Issa Rae – 5 sketches Maya Rudolph – 2 sketches Jim Carrey – 1 sketch Alec Baldwin – 1 sketch
Justin Bieber – 2 performances, 1 sketch Chance The Rapper - 1 performance, 1 sketch Benny Blanco - 1 performance
Kenan Thompson (18th Season) – 4 sketches, 1 voiceover Heidi Gardner (4th Season) – 4 sketches, 1 photo Chris Redd (4th Season) – 4 sketches Mikey Day (5th Season) – 3 sketches Ego Nwodim (3rd Season) – 3 sketches Beck Bennett (8th Season) – 2 sketches, 1 voiceover, 1 photo Kate McKinnon (9½ Season) – 2 sketches Kyle Mooney (8th Season) – 2 sketches Alex Moffat (5th Season) – 2 sketches Melissa Villaseñor (5th Season) – 1 sketch, 1 voiceover Aidy Bryant (9th Season) - 1 sketch Cecily Strong (9th Season) – 1 sketch Pete Davidson (7th Season) – 1 sketch
Colin Jost (7½ Season) - WU (134th) Michael Che (7th Season) – WU (126th)
Bowen Yang (2nd season) – 3 sketches Andrew Dismukes (1st Season) – 3 sketches Chloe Fineman (2nd Season) – 2 sketches Lauren Holt (1st Season) – 2 sketches Punkie Johnson (1st season) – 2 sketches
submitted by snlstats to LiveFromNewYork [link] [comments]


2020.10.18 20:09 MrOmegakid [AA] Case #0074 - Eric Bryan

"Please... I just need to know what happened to my son..."
Eli had seen a lot in his life. He'd dealt with all sorts of seedy types. Hell, he'd been shot a time or two. But there was no defense in his arsenal against a crying mother. Adding to that, she grabbed his shirt and started crying into his chest.
He knew she couldn't afford his fee, but... he was rather trapped. He could do one pro-bono job... Nothing wrong with that.
"Alright. I'll look into it. Tell me what you know. The last time you saw him, the last place he was, age, appearance... anything that could be useful."
She sat back, taking just a second to compose herself slightly, "Six... six months ago. H-he was supposed to pick up milk from the store and he went out with his friends instead. We had a... We had an argument. He left so angry with me... And I haven't seen him since..." She paused as another wave of sobbing threatened to overwhelm her.
"I understand this is hard, but I need any information you can provide. Anything that tells me how to find Eric." Eli gave her a smile that felt as fake as it probably looked, "Did you go to the police?"
"I-I did... they came back a day later with this picture. Here... let me..." Mrs. Bryan stood and walked over to the kitchen table. She pushed aside the stacks of 'missing' posters and pulled up a small photograph. She hurried back to Eli, pressing the small item into his palm, "They said he left. That this picture is all there is and all there needs to be. This picture... this is not my son. My son has red hair, and this boy has black hair. My son is... bless his heart... a little heavyset... but this boy is as skinny as a rail. Mr. Thorne, he's sixteen. He's top of his class and dating the class president. He just got a new job. He wouldn't just leave."
"And even if he had, why wouldn't the police bring him back?" Eli nodded, "Interesting. This class president... any chance Eric just ran away with her for a while?"
"No. Eric isn't like that. He would have said something. I already reached out to her family. Mr. Thorne... their daughter is just as worried as I am... but her parents... they said I've never had a son and they hung up on me. I've known them for years. They knew my late husband. They were at the hospital when Eric was born... They know I have a son."
Eli took a sharp breath. That was something he'd seen before. The police not searching for a missing underage boy was strange, but could be easily chalked up to lazy or dirty cops. Close family friends forgetting the boy entirely? That wasn't natural. That was very unlikely to be a cop on the take.
It was more likely to be something far worse. But he couldn't himself think about that.
Eli sat forward and "Mrs. Bryan, do you know where your son would have gone for the groceries? Somewhere that I can start looking?"
"Tom and Alva's on North Cherry. I can find you the address so-"
"No need. I actually shop there myself. Killer prices on produce." Eli stood and sighed, "Look... I'm not here to give you false hope. I will find out what happened to your son... one way or another. But I... I can't promise that I'll be able to bring him home."
She nodded her understanding and tried her best to keep it together, but as Eli pulled on his hat and coat, he could hear her sobbing behind him. Without looking back, he left the house.
******
Eli stood on the corner of North Cherry and West Haverford. Tom and Alva's, the little mom n' pop's drug store, was standing there, quiet and ignored by most. A few kids played on the corner nearby; not promising. A very shady-looking individual with a hoodie stood on the corner across the street from him; a potential witness. A police car rolled by every twenty minutes on the dot; more potential witnesses. He saw nothing on the street itself, which was not a surprise as Eric had disappeared six months prior. Turning to look at the storefront, he noted a security camera pointed at the door; a potential witness in its own right.
Eli pulled out his notebook from his coat pocket and clicked his pen, "Security camera... drug dealer... police..."
Eli turned and walked through the front door of Tom and Alva's and removed his hat. Ah, that familiar jingle of the bell always brought a little smile to his face. Aisles of chips and snacks made the place look like it had little more variety than a common gas station, but it was hard to deny that small-town feel the store gave off.
The only thing he didn't like to see were the prices. Two whole dollars for a bag of chips that small? How did anyone afford things in that town!? Their produce was priced fine but... that was no small amount. Or maybe it was. Things seemed to be more expensive without anyone caring. Plus, it seemed that money was either worth less or everything was worth more. Inflation was stupid.
He looked to the counter. It wasn't Tom or Alva manning the cash register. Just some young lady. Perhaps eighteen, nineteen... cute as a button with sheer boredom in her eyes.
"Excuse me, miss. My name is Elias Thorne and I was wondering if-"
"What are you supposed to be?"
"I'm a private investigator."
"You realize the 30s happened ninety years ago, right?"
Eli looked down at his clothing. The old trench coat, the white button-up and black vest, five-o-clock shadow on his face... even the Sinatra hat he held... yeah... he did look a little out-of-place in the modern day. Appearing to be in his mid-twenties didn't help his case any.
Eli looked up at the shopkeep and shrugged, "My mom said I looked like a very handsome man. Now, I have some-"
"You some sort of noir detective?"
"Yes... I'm... some sort..." Eli shook his head, "Miss, I really need to see your security tapes. The camera out front. I think it may have seen a crime six months ago, and-"
"Footage is deleted every month." She shrugged, "You're fresh outta luck. The gun store across the street deletes theirs every year. You might have some luck there."
"Obliged."
Eli left the little store and returned his hat to his head, grumbling the whole way across the street about irritating shopkeeps who wouldn't let him finish a damn sentence. Thankfully, the young woman had been observant enough to notice the external security camera on the gun store, aimed out at the street. He made his way into the gun store. Bars on the windows; that was a great sign. Guns of all sorts lined the unlocked cases. Hunting gear rested on the racks with ammunition sitting on the shelves. A portly, middle-aged man stood behind the counter.
"Excuse me, sir. My name is Elias Thorne-"
The shopkeep scoffed, "That's not a real name."
"It's on my driver's license." Eli rolled his eyes, "Look, we can talk about my name later. I need to see your security footage from six months ago. I believe it may have witnessed a crime."
"Sure thing. Where's your warrant?"
"Oh, I'm not with the police. I'm a private investigator. I'm looking into the disappearance of a young man named 'Eric Bryan'. Do you mind if I take a look at those tapes?"
"They're not on tape. Digital. And you won't be seein' them without a warrant. I know my rights."
"And I can see several things going on here that are terribly illegal. Maybe the cops will ignore it, but if I bring up that you have guns in unlocked cases with ammunition just sitting out... Well, even if the cops don't want to do anything, the newspaper will have a hell of a time writing up an article about your little shop." Eli walked up to the counter, "Now... how about those digital things?"
******
Eli looked through his notebook as he walked toward where he left his car. Young boy matching the rough description of Eric Bryan that he had gotten from Mrs. Bryan left Tom and Alva's. There had been a black, unmarked panel van. The license plate had been easily read from the camera. Six, clearly-armed men had thrown another man in the back of the van and taken notice of Eric Bryan when he had screamed. Eric had been forced to join them in the van.
One of those men... he looked sick. Unnatural. Like his skin was too loose to fit on his deformed skeleton.
That man had been playing with something he shouldn't have been.
He pulled out his new phone from his pocket. The damn thing had no buttons. He stabbed at the screen with his finger, putting in the short passcode his assistant had helped him with. He needed information he couldn't ask around about. Thankfully, his business partner had some connections at the police station.
His business partner, Howard Malone, had always been a strange man, stating that he liked to keep Eli around because weird things always happened when Eli was present. He'd been kind to Eli, though. Kind enough that Eli was more than willing to not ask questions about what Howard had been reading when Eli walked into his office once and he slammed the book down under his desk in a hurry. Although, that was probably less about how kind the man had been and more about Eli not wanting to know what Howard read when he was alone.
Contacts... 'H'... 'Howard Malone'. He hit the button that looked like a phone and pushed it up to his ear.
An older, husky voice answered, "Howard Malone, Private Investigator and part-time birthday clown. Which one might you be inquiring about today?"
"Howard, I know my name pops up on the screen thing when I call you. You know it's me."
"Elias! Haven't heard from you in a while. Kinda thought you'd gotten on the bad side of the wrong people." Howard laughed, "After what happened on Pine Street last week, I'm surprised to hear from you. How are you today?"
Pine Street. Another case he'd solved. It had started as something about a corrupt local politician that had gotten a man laid off, and ended with the politician taking potshots at Eli with a shotgun. It wasn't the first sticky situation Eli had escaped from, and the man had wound up in prison. Granted, he had been arrested for tax evasion, not attempted murder, but Eli had learned to count his victories where he could. He hadn't quite figured out how the guy had known he was coming, but that was a case for a different day.
"I need to have a license plate looked into. Can you pull some strings with Doris down at the station?"
"Of course I can pull some strings for you. Just a fair warning, she's not going to be particularly happy that it's you coming to see her, so I might leave that little detail out. If you send me the plate, I'll send it ahead to her and have her ready for you."
"Alright, I'll read it to you. Got a pen?"
"I'm babysitting my niece. No, I don't 'got a pen'. Just text it to me."
"Just find a pen."
"Elias, you gotta learn how the technology works at some point. Hell, I'm twenty years older than you! You should be teaching me!"
"Stuff it, Howard." Eli groaned, "There's a kid here. I'll just hand him a quarter to show me how it's done."
"One quarter isn't as much as you think."
"I'm doing it anyway."
******
Fifteen quarters, one irritated kid, and a twenty-minute drive later, Eli pulled up in front of the police station. His car, piece of junk that it was, broke down as soon as he stopped. That was probably a sign that he needed a new one. Maybe if he hadn't done the job pro-bono, he could put that money toward a car that was able to drive for more than five miles.
He pulled his coat back to look down at his holstered .45 M1911. Walking into a police station with a gun on his hip was likely not a good idea, even if he had a concealed carry permit. On the other hand, he had the permit for that one, even if the permit was registered to a fake name. Maybe it would be fine. If they saw the unregistered .38 snub on his left hip, though... perhaps he would get in trouble for that one.
He decided to hold on to his weapons. Leaving them in a car that couldn't lock was just asking for trouble. He got out of the car and walked across the street to the station. It was a decently-sized building of brick, with a big, bright 'Police of Haven City' sign on the top. Squad cars lined the street, looking a lot sleeker than he remembered them. He made a special note of the black truck about a block away. Two men sat in the truck, both watching him intently.
Eli walked through the front door and walked up to the counter. The officer behind the desk eyed him up and down and reached for the stack of incident reports.
"Mr. Thorne. Your partner called ahead and said your business needed to speak with Doris. Why are you here?"
"I was in the neighborhood, thought I'd come visit. I'm sure Howard will be along shortly." Eli removed his hat, "Any chance I could wait for him downstairs with Doris? I'm having trouble reaching him."
"Fine. But you better make it quick. I don't need a repeat of last month on my head."
"It's really not my fault that she had that vase. What the hell was a vase doing in a police station anyway!?"
"Just go through the damn door. I'll buzz you in."
Eli walked away from the counter, sticking his hands in his coat pockets. He waited at the door to the stairs until he heard the buzz and walked through. Descending down the stairs, a pang of nerves hit him. He never liked being underground, even if it was a basement. Always made him uncomfortable. Maybe that was why he was more on edge the month before.
He rounded the corner into the records. Doris, a woman with glaringly-red hair and leopard-print glasses, sat at her desk, sorting through papers. She had a file sitting to the side with a pink note attached to the top, bearing Howard Malone's name. Eli walked around to the front of her desk and cleared his throat.
"Doris." He tapped his fingers on the file, "Is this for Howard?"
"What the hell are you doing here?"
"I need the information for a case. Missing boy. Eric Bryan."
"Eric... Is that the same 'Eric Bryan' that that woman keeps calling us about?"
"One and the same." Eli started to slide the file from her desk, "I'm just going to take this and go. No need for any unpleasantness."
Doris's hand slammed down on top of the file, "Don't even think about it, Thorne. Howard called for that license plate to be run, and the information is for his eyes only. You better be on your way now or I'm calling upstairs to have them send Officer Brown down here to straighten you out again."
"Ha! Brown is on vacation in Maui this week. He sent a postcard to the office. Shows what you know." Eli chuckled, "Alright, Doris... Just let me take the file."
"I need to hear an apology."
"I'm sorry about the fire."
"You are responsible for more than that."
"A woman cried in front of me this morning because her son is missing. I need this information to find out what happened."
"Fine." Doris moved her hand, "Asshole."
"Obliged."
"And because I thought it was Howard coming to pick up that file, I left a little note in there that you should ignore."
Eli flipped the file open to see a handwritten note. Eli blushed, grabbed the note, and slapped it back down on her desk, "Doris! What would Mister Roberts think!?"
"You're lucky I don't pull your address and give it to Mr. Roberts for what you did last time you were here."
"Aw, I didn't know you cared so much. I gotta say, you seem angrier than that wizard-guy I interrupted in the middle of a ritual."
Doris's eyes got wide.
Eli let out an incredibly awkward, completely and clearly fake laugh that held no joy. Doris laughed uncomfortably and looked down at her desk.
Eli flipped through the file, "This is just one piece of paper with an address."
"That's all there was on the plate."
"Anything about Eric Bryan?"
"I have to keep putting in another file each time that woman calls. I've looked into it before, and there's nothing in our system about that woman having a child. I just can't believe she's so desperate that she hired you. Guess she really has snapped."
"Doris, you're a treasure. Don't ever change."
"Go to hell."
"That's the spirit."
******
Eli closed his car door and threw the file on the passenger seat. He flipped it open to read the address and struggled to get his phone to call Howard. Voicemail. Great. He scrolled up through the 'contacts' list until he reached 'C'. Chase Meyers, his assistant, was just some young kid who needed the income. He wasn't much for investigation, but he had a passion for helping people. It was almost inspirational. He had outright refused to take the job offer until Eli promised him that they weren't going to be following cheating spouses around Haven City snapping pictures. Good kid.
"Chase here."
"Chase, it's Eli. I need you to do that thing you do with computers and get everything you can on an address."
"Sure thing. Text me the address."
"Chase..."
"Oh, right. Read it out to me, then."
"1890 East Providence Drive."
Eli fought with his car as the clicking of a keyboard sounded in his ear. With a small burst of relief, the car rattled to life.
"Chase, I need to put you on speaker. How do I do that?"
"Hit the button that says 'speaker'."
"There's no button."
"On the screen. It's an icon with-"
"Got it." Eli set the phone in his lap and started to drive. He listened to Chase type rapidly as his car pushed forward. He leaned back in his seat as the car rattled along. Maybe a rattling sound wasn't the best sound for an engine to have. It was probably fine, though. He wasn't a mechanic, so he couldn't decide that the car was busted on his own.
That black truck was behind him. It was a distance of about two cars... but it was there. The driver was talking into a phone. Bald man. Sunglasses. Dark skin. The passenger pointed at Eli's car. Brown hair. Pale skin. Bright orange jacket.
"Chase, I've got a tail. Anything you can see before I have to hang up?"
"Yeah... It's an old abandoned factory and... just... It looks like there are a lot of invoices from a "Happy Farms Butcher Shop" to that address. Several shipments of... of meat. I mean, beef, chicken, pork... all that stuff. Whoever lives there, they were really hungry."
"Or 'whatever' lives there." Eli muttered, "What do you mean 'were really hungry'?"
"Well, it looks like the last invoice was from six months ago. Eli, there are some posts online warning about gang activity near that address. Bodies turning up nearby. People missing. Drugs all through that area... but all of that stopped six months ago, too."
Eli felt a cold shock run through his heart, "Thanks, Chase. I'll go check it out."
"It looks like it might be dangerous, Mr. Thorne. Do you want me to call Mr. Marwan?"
"No thanks. I've got this one. Let... Let Sam know where I'm going to be, though. If I don't give you a call by midnight, send him in."
"You got it, Mr. Thorne."
Eli pulled over into a parking lot and fished the map out of his glovebox. He unfolded it and rested it against the steering wheel. East Providence was a thirty-minute drive across town. If his car could survive the trip, it wouldn't even be a problem. He just needed to-
Something tapped on his window.
He looked up to see a man in a bright orange jacket. He was tapping on the window with a gun. Eli was suddenly feeling quite cooperative. The man motioned for Eli to get out of the car, and Eli obliged.
"Boss got a call that you're sticking your nose where it don't belong." The man muttered, "So, we're gonna go someplace nice and quiet and have a little chat."
"Well, I do like nice and quiet places."
Eli eyed the gun in the man's hand as the other one started patting him down.
"You're quite friendly." Eli muttered.
The man felt down Eli's hips, stopped, and pulled back the right side of his coat to reveal the .45 M1911 on his hip. He pulled the gun out of the holster and stuck it in the back of his pants. He patted down Eli's legs and then moved up toward his left hip.
"Oh, you don't have to worry about that. I never cross-draw." Eli chuckled.
The man quietly pulled back the left side of Eli's coat and removed the .38 snub, holding it up for Eli to see.
"Well... except for sometimes." Eli shrugged.
The man grabbed Eli's left arm all the way down, then moved to his right arm, stopping at his forearm.
"What's this?"
Eli raised his left arm and pulled his sleeve down, revealing a leather and steel brace, "I injured my arm a bit ago. The doc said I had to wear this. I don't know why. I'm no doctor."
The man shrugged and pulled a black bag from his pocket. He unfurled it, took Eli's hat, and pulled it over Eli's head.
******
Eli would have complained about the bag over his head, except that it was remarkably thin, and he could see almost everything. That was likely something those two morons were unaware of. He recognized the street signs around him as they went. These guys were taking him in the direction of East Providence Drive. That was convenient. Or quite bad if people really did keep disappearing around there.
The building they approached was an old factory. What it produced, Eli couldn't tell. It looked run down and dirty. The fence had a 'no trespassing' sign that Eli's drivers ignored completely. He could see a small bit of smoke coming from one of the stacks. Perhaps the place wasn't as abandoned as Chase had believed.
Eli was shoved from the truck as both men escorted him toward the door. They stopped before entering, pulling his arms behind his back and securing them with handcuffs. That would be a minor complication.
They pushed him through the door and he stumbled, almost falling to the ground. He caught himself and tried to look around without moving his head as much as possible. Empty metal vats were all around him, lining the walls. The floor was concrete with drains running in the middle. The lights were at that perfect fluorescent flicker that made him mildly nauseous.
He was pushed into a much larger room, one lined with tables manned by people packing bags of what looked like a very illegal substance. There were stairs to his right leading up to the second floor. Four men and two women in that room had guns. A man and one woman stood to the left of the door Eli was quickly approaching. The rest stood near the stairs. The rest of the people were very clearly unarmed. Potential slaves. Potential employees. Hard to tell.
A quiet, terrible, almost musical shriek came from the basement, and everyone shuddered.
They walked him past that room and into a much smaller one, decorated by only a single chair and a series of pipes. He felt a fleeting wonder cross his mind about why bad guy groups always seemed to have rooms like that to bring their kidnap victims.
Eli was shoved down into the chair, his arms looped around the backrest. One of his captors pulled the bag from his head and discarded it on the floor.
Clawing, growling, sloshing noise rose from the drain under Eli's feet.
"Well, if you wanted some alone time with me, you could have just bought me dinner." Eli grumbled, "So... what's this all about?"
"The man we work for got a call-"
"That I'd been snooping, yeah." Eli rolled his eyes, "But... what was I snooping in that bothered him so much?"
The men said nothing, just stood there with their guns drawn and pointed at him. The door behind them opened up and a man walked through. He wore ordinary street clothes, but he looked wrong in every way. His skin looked like a deflated balloon. His bones were shaped at odd angles. Strange markings lined his skin, some tattoos, some healed wounds. His breathing was wet and ragged, though he didn't look to be in pain. His pale skin had splotches of color, as if he had paint all over him.
"You must be Elias Thorne. I've got a source that says you're looking into the disappearance of a kid that doesn't exist."
"Right, yes, and I'm sure that me looking for the Easter Bunny would also piss you off?"
"Easter Bunny..." The ragged man laughed, a shrill, piercing noise, "Elias, I think you've stumbled onto something you don't need to be concerned with."
"You know, part of me was thinking the same thing until your goons threw me into a truck." Eli shrugged, "It took me under a day to find a path that led to this location. I thought for a minute that it would mean dirty cops, but... we both know it's something more... unnatural." Eli sat up and leaned forward as much as he could, "What kind of books do you read, sir?"
The man's eyes narrowed with seething hatred, "Utah, find out what he told the cops and then put two in his head and take him downstairs. I'll be upstairs reading my books. Come get me when it's done."
The man named Utah stepped forward. He was the one who had taken Eli's weapons. That was good. Eli tried his hardest to focus on the positive and ignore the sound of scratching coming from just under his feet.
The boss and the man in the bright orange jacket walked out of the room, leaving Eli alone with Utah. Utah cracked his knuckles and stood over Eli, smiling down at him, "You're gonna tell me everything. We can do this the easy way or hard way."
"Oh, easy way of course!" Eli squirmed over, "I'll tell you exactly what you want to know."
Utah lowered his hands a little, a look of confusion on his face.
"See, when I was about... oh... nineteen or so, I went to Susie Miller's pool party." Eli moved his left arm a little, "Started out as some underage drinking, but then it turned into a game of truth or dare, and you would be surprised where that ended up! I mean, running from the cops on a bicycle at two in the morning in only my long johns and a tiara."
Utah's fist flew out, cracking Eli across the face. Eli spit blood from his mouth and looked up at Utah, retaining his grin.
"What do you think you're talking about?" Utah grumbled, "What did you tell the cops? What did you find!?"
"Asshole! I was getting to that! Eventually." Eli twisted his arm a little more, "See, there were a few things I learned that night." Eli shifted his right arm just a little bit... almost there, "One thing was that you never do truth or dare with Susie Miller's friends. Another was that if the police ask why you were doing something strange and unexplainable, say nothing or risk looking as mad as a hatter." Eli smiled as he got the right position, "The last lesson I got... was how to escape from a pair of handcuffs with a thin blade."
There was a quiet pop and Utah opened his mouth to shout.
Eli jumped up, driving the blade mounted on top of his right forearm into Utah's throat.
"You really should have taken the brace from me." Eli hissed, "You think this is the first time I've been grabbed? I've learned a lot about how to get out of tricky situations. I've got lock picks hidden in my watch, knives hidden across all my clothing... I tell you, I really appreciate the engineering possibilities in this day and age. By the way, I never told the cops anything. You could have let me go about my day, and you'd still be alive in the morning. Any last words?"
A quiet, strained gurgle escaped Utah's lips.
"Well put."
Eli dropped Utah's body and knelt down, picking up his hat and returning it to its rightful position on his head. He grabbed his M1911 and holstered it. After sliding the .38 back into its holster, he picked up Utah's gun. He figured he had about two shots from that before people paid too much attention. Six people in the next room would try to kill him. He could handle that. He'd been in worse situations.
A content, unearthly wail issued from the drain.
Eli looked down to see that Utah's blood was flowing down into the drain. He knew what waited in that basement. He'd seen one before. Rare, deadly, and able to disappear someone in every conceivable way. The perfect pet for a career criminal.
Eli shook the thought from his head. He ejected the magazine from Utah's firearm and pulled the slide back to eject the last bullet. He wouldn't be needing it. He dropped the gun and walked up to the door, drawing his M1911.
Eli thrust his leg into the left door, turning sharply to his right. He fired two shots. One hit the man, one hit the woman. He heard shouts from the people in the room.
He rounded the door and fired two more times, killing two of the armed men before they could react.
The remaining woman lifted her weapon and held the trigger down.
Eli dove behind a support column as bullets rained into the concrete. He'd been on the receiving end of that kind of gun before. Three seconds of continuous fire and it would be empty.
One.
Two.
Three.
The shots stopped.
Eli rouned the column and fired one more shot, dropping the woman.
The man fired back at Eli rapidly, missing each desperate shot.
Eli fired once and didn't miss his target.
Six bullets. His gun held seven, plus the one in the chamber. He was down to two.
He fired both into the air, shouting for the people to run. Not a single one disobeyed.
Eli ejected the magazine and grabbed the one from his coat pocket, sliding it into place and cocking one into the chamber. Seven more bullets. He crossed the room quickly, heading up the stairs. He peeked through the metal door at the top. Two men stood at the end of the hallway with their guns aimed at the door Eli was behind. Eli tapped the glass and waved.
Bullets reduced the window to shards of glass immediately.
Eli bounced up from his hiding place behind the metal door and fired two clean shots.
He pushed the door open and walked down the hallway. Five rounds remained in his gun.
"Mark! Shawn! What's going on out there!?"
Eli ran at the door the two men were guarding and kicked it open.
The ragged man was reaching for a revolver on his desk.
Eli fired one shot, ripping the man's hand in half. The ragged man fell to the floor and crawled quickly into the corner, screaming and crying about his hand.
Eli sized up the room quickly. Redwood paneling, green carpet like a lawyer's office, and a rich mahogany desk with one open book on top. A couple file cabinets, a couple guns here and there. No guards in the room at all.
"Shut up!" Eli lifted the gun to aim at the ragged man's head, "Let me be clear about one thing: I will kill you for kidnapping me. But I need to know what part you played in Eric Bryan's disappearance. I need to know if I'm going to be killing you for that as well. Because I think I know what happened, I just want to hear you say it."
"A-aren't you going to arrest me?"
"I just killed eight people after being kidnapped without calling for backup. Do you really think I'm a cop? Now, tell me about the boy. He disappeared six months ago after you and yours threw him into a van. I want to know what happened."
"I-It was a year ago... th-this thing appeared... when... I was reading that book... speaking the words..." the ragged man pointed at the open book on his desk with his good hand, "And it... it appeared."
Eli walked slowly to the desk, looking down at the book. Strange symbols composed the main body of work. Words and notes in English were scrawled into the margins. Eli had seen these before. Not that book specifically... but books, formulas, and strange objects like it.
"Looks like someone was dabbling in magic." Eli let out a soft chuckle, "Trust me. That's a mistake. Playing with forces you don't understand... it turns you into something. It makes you not what you were. Something less than human that believes it's more than divine. But you summoned something... didn't you? Something hungry."
"It ate... it ate one of my men... His friends... no one remembered him after that creature..." The ragged man whispered, a few tears running down his face, "A-at first... it was satisfied by meat I ordered in... but... it was so desperate to eat... to eat men... I kept reading... The power in that book... a man could become rich with it. It was DeMarcus... he tried to get me to stop... and that... that boy saw it..." The ragged man tried to push himself farther into the corner, "So... we brought... We brought him back here..."
Eli gritted his teeth, "You fed a sixteen-year-old boy to that thing in the basement."
"It was just a matter of convenience... It wasn't... I would never kill a child! I just... I could use that thing... better for business than leaving a body-"
"I'm going to burn this place down with that thing still inside." Eli readjusted his aim, "I'm going to tell that woman that her son was murdered and his body disposed of. And you? You're going to rot in hell for what you've done."
"Not what I've done... what... What that thing did... what that book made me do!"
"But you opened the book."
"Please, man... I don't..." The ragged man looked up at Eli in terror, "Who are you?"
"I'm just a man who doesn't belong here." Eli shrugged, "Nothing more. Nothing less. I've seen things that would make your toes curl. Magic. Wizards. Monsters..." Eli let out a dry chuckle, "Monsters exist. But you know that, don't you? That's what you've got in the basement."
"I didn't know... that book was... I never thought of what it might be... of what it might do... But it told me things... things about the world... things about what lives around us... things hidden in the shadows... things hidden in plain sight..."
"In my life, I've found one great mercy in this world. Most people never put together all of the disparate facts that reveal the reality that we live in. Monsters, magic... They chalk it up to hallucinations and madness. They all live in a small room surrounded by darkness and they are so afraid to ever open the door. They try so hard to explain everything away with science and mental illness. One day, though... that door is going to be flung open. The world will see what waits in the dark, and they will not take kindly to it."
"Please... I have money... two million in the safe there. It's unlocked right now... just take it and let me go..."
"Well, thanks. I'm going to be giving that to the boy's mother, though. Well... most of it. Turns out, I probably need a new car." Eli shook his head, lowering his gun, "Oh, before I forget, who was it that tipped you off about me?"
"I never got a name... I just... He told me where you were... what you were up to... He said he just wanted to borrow my book for a little bit... that he collects them... That you wouldn't approve... that it benefited both of us..."
Eli gritted his teeth. A man who hid books Eli would disapprove of and would benefit in more ways than one if Eli was suddenly not part of his business.
Seemed like Eli would be having a chat with Howard Malone.
Eli raised his gun, "Any last words?"
"I didn't... I didn't harm the boy. It was Utah. He-"
Eli pulled the trigger three times.

Any feedback and whatnot is appreciated!
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2020.10.05 09:52 HeadOfSpectre We Hang You Johnny Cotton For Your Sins Against Marie Bellefleur

Johnny Cotton died in autumn of 1974 and I can’t rightly say anyone ever wound up missing him nor did anyone ever figure out just who had killed him.

I myself was never quite familiar with the man. Compton was by no means a large town, but it was big enough that folks weren’t tripping over each other. For each familiar face there were a dozen strangers and even then I was never the sort to get up in everyones business. I kept to myself and most folks left me alone in turn. Some of that was probably out of fear. I’ll confess that back during high school I hadn’t been the nicest of boys. I’d been that kid who cut class to smoke out behind the dumpsters and beat the living shit out of anyone I decided I didn’t like. Back then, I thought that made me tough. The truth of the matter was, I was a miserable, scared little shit and it wasn’t until after high school, when I was pushed out into the real world that I came to terms with that and finally smartened up.

All the same, my bad reputation had stuck with me and while I’d done my best to do right by some of the folks I’d hurt in the past, others would always see me as an angry brute and no matter what I did, they’d never see me as anything else. I’d made my peace with that too and tried to get on with my life anyways. What else was there to do, right?

A good seven years out of high school, I’d made a decent enough go of it. I’d gotten a job fixing cars and had a steady girl by the name of Jane Meyers. We were talking about moving out and making a go of it on our own as well as marriage, kids and all sorts of wonderful things. I really didn’t deserve Jane. Sure, I’d turned my life around but even then she was smarter than me, kinder than me and in every sense of the word better than me. I loved her with all of my heart and I did everything I could to make her happy, but if someone else had stolen her away, as hurt as I’d have been I think I would’ve understood. Yet as imperfect as I was, my Jane stayed by my side no matter what and for that I could not have been more grateful.

On the day I first met Johnny Cotton, I’d just finished a hard day's work. The sun was on the horizon, painting the sky a nostalgic shade of orange that set the autumn trees alight. I didn’t live too far from the auto shop. My little apartment was just through the park and at that time of year the changing leaves were absolutely gorgeous. They crunched under my work boots as I cut through and took in the tranquil beauty of the space around me.

Sunset glimmered off of the large pond off in one corner of the park and leaves lazily drifted down from the trees as I passed. October in Compton was always nothing short of stunning, especially back in the day and one of the best parts of living there was getting to watch as the leaves changed. One thing I was quick to learn as I grew older was that there’s a lot of beauty in the world if you care to look for it. A lot of ugly things too and while you might not look for them, they might still find you all the same.

On that particular autumn day, something ugly was waiting for me in the park and though I did not know it yet, its name was Johnathan Cotton. I caught sight of the man waiting for me beneath one of the trees. He made himself look disinterested, sure but I caught his eyes on me as I drew nearer and once I was close enough he made his move.

“Excuse me sir. Sorry to bother you but you wouldn’t happen to be Eddie Wright, would you?”
I paused right where I stood and looked at the other man, finding myself wary for the moment.
“Yeah, that would be me.” I replied, watching him thoughtfully. Cotton offered a smile that didn’t suit him all too well. He was a tall, gangly man with a narrow head and short dark hair. His ears protruded from his head a bit and he had a rather prominent nose. Even when he was smiling, his shifty dark eyes betrayed a demeanor I could only rightly describe as snakelike.

“Something I can help you with?” I asked.
“No, not at all my friend.” He replied, “Names Johnny. Johnny Cotton. It’s a pleasure to make your acquaintance.”
He offered me a hand to shake. I didn’t take it. I just watched him, already suspicious.
“Right…” He said, a little sheepishly, “You’re with Jane, right? You’re her boyfriend?”
“Last time I checked. What business is it of yours?”
“None! I swear!” Cotton insisted, “I thought it might be right to give you a little heads up regarding what she’s been up to however. You wouldn’t happen to know anyone by the name of Marie Bellefleur, would you?”
The name didn’t ring a bell.

“Can’t say that I do.” I replied.
“Well she knows Jane… I live quite close to Marie. She’s had Jane over a few times now. Now, I never thought much of it, women being women and all that but today I just happened to catch a glimpse of them necking in her backyard. I doubt they saw me but either way they went back inside in one hell of a hurry not too long afterwards and as for what happened next… Well. I can only guess.”
I caught myself frozen for a moment.

Jane? With some other woman? Truth be told, I’d never thought she’d be the type for that but why in the hell would some stranger seek me out just to lie to me? I stared at him, trying to catch my bearings as an unfamiliar pit grew in my stomach.
“Excuse me?” I said, “I’m sorry… Jane? No. You must be mistaken. Jane wouldn’t do that!”
“I know what I saw, Mr. Wright. Trust me. I know what I saw. I thought it might be the honorable thing to let you know since I doubt Jane will do that herself anytime soon.”

I opened my mouth to speak but couldn’t find the words for a moment. Cotton just stared me down, watching my reaction in silence as I tried to process the information I’d been given. Compton was not the most progressive of towns, especially in the 70s. Nowadays I can’t say I’m at all proud of what Compton was back then, but accusations of homosexuality were the kind of thing that might’ve inclined some folks towards acts of violence. I’d heard enough stories of men getting the shit beaten out of them just for holding hands in public. Calling Jane a lesbian was not a light accusation to make but this mans stony demeanor and lack of incentive to lie was enough to make me question her all the same.
“Jesus fucking Christ…” I remember murmuring, still reeling a bit from what I’d been told. “Jane… Jesus Christ… Jane…”

“I know this isn’t easy to hear Eddie.” Cotton said. His hand was on my shoulder and his eyes were burning into mine. “As a man, this must be quite a blow to find out that you are… incomplete…”
I pulled away from him.
“The fuck are you talking about?” I asked, anger rising in my voice. Cotton raised his hands and took a step back.

“Well I mean… Miss Bellefleur has taken something from you, has she not? She saw the hole in your relationship, she saw your weakness and she exploited it. You have every right to be angry my friend. You’ve been robbed of what’s rightfully yours and if I were you, well… I suppose I might be so inclined to take it back.”
I watched him quietly, hanging on to his words as he spoke. He took my silence as permission to continue.
“Women only cheat because their partner lacks something. They stray because something is missing and they find it in someone else and when that happens, well… If you want to get back what’s yours, you need to set things right.”

“And just what the hell was I missing?” I growled. I watched Cotton take a delicate step back.
“I can’t really say… But maybe if you reassert your dominance. Remove your rival from the field, that might just be what you need. I mean… Bellefleur has wronged you after all, hasn’t she? And trust me, the law around here isn’t all that interested in what happens to the degenerates…”

Degenerates… The way he said that word didn’t sit right with me and though I knew he was talking about Marie Bellefleur, I couldn’t help but think of Jane.
“I can tell you where to find her.” Cotton continued, “If you’re interested.”
I looked up at him.
He was damn right I was interested.
“Where?” I asked and as those words left my mouth, I saw a sly smile cross his lips.

Marie Bellefleur lived on a quiet street going up a hill. The road was covered in fallen leaves and as I trekked upwards, I went over what I’d say in my mind a million times. Cotton hadn’t opted to go with me. We’d went our separate ways after he’d said his piece and I was honestly grateful for his absence.

I was never quite the brightest man in the world but even I knew when I was being goaded. As for why a supposedly decent, law abiding man might lobby for violence against Bellefleur, even if she was supposedly a lesbian, well, who could really say? The sky was getting dark as I reached her house and I could see the lights on inside. Somebody was clearly home.

I ascended the steps of her front porch and knocked on her door. Familiar rage bubbled beneath the surface of my mind but I kept it buried. Cotton had seemed adamant that assaulting this woman would woo Jane back to me but I knew her too well for that. If she really was cheating on me, lashing out at her new lover wouldn’t solve anything.

Behind the door, I could hear movement as someone approached to unlock it. The woman who was waiting for me on the other side had short dark hair in a boyish shag cut that hung over her ears. She wore a little bit too much makeup but it didn’t detract from the fact that she was pretty as a picture.
“Evening ma’am.” I asked, making a point to sound polite. “Is Marie Bellefleur home at all? I was hoping to talk to her about something.”
“I’m Marie.” The woman replied, impatient and a bit annoyed. “What do you want?”
I felt a twinge of frustration that I buried quickly.

“Right… Well… You’re friends with Jane Meyers, right? You know her?”
Marie’s brow furrowed. That name wasn’t familiar to her.
“No. I don’t know anyone named Jane. Why?”

Now it was my turn to frown. Her reaction wasn’t the sort of reaction I might expect from a side piece who’d just been caught. It was the reaction of a woman who wanted very much to know why I was on her doorstop, asking her stupid questions.
“I heard you and her were friends from a man named Johnny Cotton.” I said, a little sheepishly.
As soon as I said that name, her expression darkened into one of cold rage.
“Cotton?” She spat, “What did that bastard tell you? That I was fucking your girlfriend?”
The look on my face confirmed everything she needed to know.

“Goddamnit…” She murmured and rubbed her temples. “Anything that cocksucker said to you was a fucking lie. Now go away!”
She tried to slam the door but I stopped it with my foot.
“Now hold on a minute. Why the hell would that man go looking for me just to lie to my face about you?”
“None of your damn business.” Marie snapped and tried to push me out but I wasn’t budging.

“Well Mr. Cotton here has made it my damn business. Now, I came here to talk to you like a civilized person about my girlfriend and since apparently you two haven’t even met, I’d like to know why Mr. Cotton seemed so adamant in trying to convince me that you and I were enemies. If he’s got enough of a problem with you to try and goad me into picking a fight then I think I might have a bit of a problem with him and evidently, you do too.”
She paused, watching me intently before sighing. She pulled open the door.
“You want to help?” She asked. I nodded and she gestured for me to come in.
With some of her initial rage subsided, Marie just looked exhausted. Her house was moderately clean and smelled of home cooking although it was sparsely decorated. I suspected she might have lived alone.

“That man you met was Judge John Cotton.” She said, “A friend of my fathers. I can’t say I ever knew the man well although after my father passed, Cotton seemed to want to get to know me.”
“So he takes a shine to you, then sends folks to harass you?” I asked, “I just asked Jane if she wanted to get a burger with me and that worked out a lot better…”

“It’s not that he didn’t ask. It’s the fact that I said no.” She said, folding her arms. “He’s a repulsive man to start with, although I’m sure the fact that my mother and I got all my fathers money has a thing or two to do with it too. My mothers… She’s sick. Most days, she barely recognizes people. He couldn’t really get to her so I guess I’m the next best choice. When he asked, I said no. The first few times, he took it well enough. After that, he started getting more forceful and whenever I said no, he got angrier until I made a point to avoid him around town and told him if he came around anymore I’d call the police. I guess he didn’t take that very well… A few months ago, some kids threw stones at my house. A few days later, I found a bag of burning dogshit on my porch and then a week after that, some guy came up to me screaming about me being a dyke…”

Her voice cracked as she talked about that last part, as if it had hurt a lot more than the other harassment.
“There’ve been other things too. Phone calls. Hate mail… It’s been constant ever since. I know it’s him. Spreading lies. Turning people against me. All because I turned him down… Now he does this.” Her eyes fixated on me.
“You’re probably the first person to stop and ask questions before doing anything to me...”
“Yeah, well going off half cocked on folks hasn’t done me much good in the past.” I replied, “Christ… All this bullshit over a date?”
Marie didn’t reply. She just lit a cigarette and stared out the window. I could see a tension in her shoulders and it dawned on me that the girl must’ve been scared shitless.

“I got in touch with another one of my fathers friends.” She said, “He’s been helping me put a criminal harassment case together. I’ve been documenting everything. Every bit of damage, every bruise, every bit of proof I could get against that bastard. When the case goes to trial, maybe I’ll have him then.”
“And when does it go to trial?” I asked.
“Few weeks.” She said, taking a drag on her cigarette, “I’ve been counting the days… This has been going on for months now. Y’know, every day I wake up wondering if he’s going to just straight up try to kill me to cover his own ass…”
She looked over at me and as she did, I realized that killing her was probably exactly what Cotton had hoped I’d do…

I’d said before that my bad reputation had stuck with me. A local Judge might be well aware of that and then, why not wind me up and send me after her? At the very least, I could’ve easily put that woman in the hospital and the thought of doing that honestly made me sick to my stomach. I was not that person anymore! I never wanted to be that person again and yet the idea that someone wanted to push me to that sickened me to my core.

“Well… I don’t know much about how trials work but I’ve seen how they do it on TV. I could be a witness, y’know. Someone to say that he tried to provoke me.”
Marie raised an eyebrow. I wondered if she’d been thinking the same thing.
“You’re offering?” She asked.
“I am. Look. I don’t know you, but that man was trying to provoke me into harming you tonight. I wouldn’t be able to sleep soundly if I didn’t help you get him off your back.”
For the first time, I saw a small smile cross Marie’s lips.
“I’d appreciate that.” She said, “I’d appreciate that a lot.”

If Jane didn’t know Marie before, they got acquainted not too long after she and I met. In a sense, Cotton really had done me a favor when he sent me after Marie Bellefleur. She and I struck up a solid friendship after we met and I’ll admit I quite enjoyed her company.

I did what I could to help her in the weeks leading up to the trial. I spoke to her lawyer, made a police statement and all sorts of other things but beyond that, I started spending a good deal more time at her house.

Marie, Jane and I didn’t do much of interest beyond sit on her porch and have a few beers. Folks were less inclined to give her any trouble if they spotted a man with my reputation for knocking heads hanging around with her and those who were dumb enough to try were quick to shut their mouths when I got involved.

I never hit anyone nor did I ever overtly threaten to do so. But there’s a lot one can do without making any overt threats. Without the constant threat of harassment looming over her, I noticed that Marie opened up a bit. She wasn’t quite as ornery as she’d been during our first meeting and once you got a few beers into her, the girl had an absolutely raunchy sense of humor that could leave one in stitches.

As the date of the trial drew near, I could tell that she felt confident about it too. I knew she had a few other witnesses to stand against him and I couldn’t imagine Cotton had much to retort with besides more slander. We were all good and sure that idiots goose was cooked and I don’t think any of us would’ve actually been prepared for the bullshit old Johnny Cotton was ready to pull.

There’s a phrase in law. Nemo judex in causa sua. It means that no one can be the judge in their own case. No one can judge a case in which they have no interest and when one is both the defendant and the Judge, well you can figure there won’t be a fair ruling.

Normally such a thing would be thrown out of court but Cotton was nothing if not a corrupt son of a bitch and in hindsight, it wasn’t too surprising to realize that he’d kept corrupt company.

I don’t know how he managed it but the son of a bitch ended up the judge in his own case and as soon as Marie heard that, she knew she’d lost.
“He’s probably got the whole fucking system rigged!” She snapped when she called me over to break the news. There was a panicked hysteria in her voice and I could hear it cracking. She was on the verge of tears.
“Whatever I have, he’s just going to throw it out!”
“Wait, wait, can’t you just demand a new judge or something? Book a retrial or do it in another county?” I asked. She shook her head.

“I don’t know… I’ve been talking to my lawyer. He’s been seeing what he can do but the trials in a few days! I doubt anyone gives enough of a shit about Compton to do anything and even if they do, Cotton’ll fight it tooth and nail.”
“What about the jury?” I asked, “Don’t they decide what happens?”
“You think he gives a shit about the jury? I know a judge can overturn a jury's decision although if he wants to save face, he’ll probably just give himself a fucking slap on the wrist… Hell, even if they replace him, who's to say he’ll get off with anything more than that anyways?”
I watched her wipe at her eyes as she struggled not to cry. She exhaled and looked away from me as I struggled to think up an idea.

“What about the people in town?” I asked, “There’ll be a few people watching the trial, right? Maybe they’ll see right through it?”
“And then what?” She asked, “A few people question Cotton's judgement. You really think that will stop him?”
I opened my mouth as I struggled to think of a response and what I blurted out was probably both the stupidest and smartest thing I’d ever said.

“What if we spread shit about him? Y’know, like he’s been doing to you?”
She paused, eyes fixated on me.
“Spread shit? What, you mean lie on the stand?”
“You think he ain’t going to do the same thing?” I asked, “If we can’t beat the judge, maybe we turn the town on him? I mean, hell these aren’t exactly the smartest folk in the world. All he needed to do was spout some horseshit about you to basically ruin your life! So why can’t two play at that game? We say it on the stand, people might actually buy it.”
“I don’t think people are going to buy us accusing him of being gay on the stand.” Marie said. I paused for a moment and thought about it.

“Alright… Well… Maybe we call him something worse, then? Expand the story. Make it bigger and worse than it is. Make it absolutely unforgivable! Hell, folks might just run him out of town if we do it right!”
I could see that Marie didn’t like that plan one bit but really, what else was there that could be done?
“What exactly would we say?” Marie asked.
“You said that you figured he was mostly after your father's money, right? The inheritance he left you.”
She shifted uneasily, as if she knew where I was going with this.

“I did…”
“How exactly did your father die?”
“Drowned.” She said, “He was out fishing. Fell into the river. He was alone. If you’re suggesting we blame Cotton, the man probably has a solid alibi. If I remember correctly, he’d left town a few days prior to visit with family.”
I raised an eyebrow.
“So no one in town can account for his whereabouts…” I said and Marie paused. She knew I was right. We didn’t need evidence. All we needed were rumors and some suckers who might buy them and that was the one thing Compton had in spades. We didn’t know it at the time, but it was that moment where Johnny Cotton's doom was sealed.

The day of the trial was bright and sunny. Autumn was at its end. The trees were nearly bare and as Marie, Jane and I came to the courtroom we knew we were about to do something terrible. That didn’t matter to us though.

As expected, they hadn’t been able to replace Cotton at the trial. When the proceedings began, he took his seat proudly at the bench as if nothing was wrong and when Marie’s layer laid out the facts of his sins, he was quick to dismiss them.

Her lawyer of course had no idea just what our little plan was. The man would never have approved of it and perhaps that was an oversight on our part. Looking back, things could have easily blown up in our faces but when the time came and I was called to the stand, I stared at the man I was about to condemn with a coldness I didn’t know I had in me. Cotton regarded me with what seemed like apathy although I was sure I saw a quiet anger in his eyes.

I knew he was cursing me for turning on him but really, the bastard had brought it on himself. As I took the stand, I recounted my first meeting with Mr. Cotton in the park a few weeks prior. On that matter, I was entirely truthful. It wasn’t until I was asked if I had any relation with Cotton prior that I deviated from the facts.

“Not explicitly.” I said in response to the question, “At the time I didn’t think much about it since my only other encounter with him was at a considerable distance.”
“And pray tell, what encounter was that?” The defense asked me.
“I’ll confess it didn’t click until some time later, after I met Marie and spoke with her a bit. See… A few months back Jane and I had gone for a drive. We’d stopped for a little walk by a river and spotted two men in a boat in the distance. I can’t say they registered much to us at the time until one fell overboard…”

The defense paused. I saw his eyes dart up to Cotton before going back to me.
“I noticed the second man in the boat sort of… moved away from the first even though he was in the water. We were quite a ways away but since it was Alexander Bellefleur, Marie’s father they pulled out of that river later I’m quite sure it was him.”
Cotton was staring at me now, utterly speechless. He knew what I was doing and I could see the rage building in his eyes.
“Liar! I was never with Alex the day he died! I was out of town and I-”

“Marie told us that he’d said he’d been with you.” I said before looking at the Defense.
“Call her or Jane to the stand. We’ll all say the same thing.” I said and as I spoke, I could see the few gathered in the courtroom whispering amongst themselves. I could see Marie listening to them as her eyes remained trained on Cotton and when she realized that we’d shaken things up she cracked the smallest of smiles.

Sure enough, they called Jane to the stand next and she said the same thing I did. The same things we’d told her to say.
“Marie told me her father was with Cotton that day and I’m quite sure the man I saw in the bat that day was him.” She said, “Given his behavior towards Marie, well I was admittedly a little scared for hers and her mother's safety!”

I could see quiet rage brewing in Cottons eyes along with a panic that I understood. After all, now it was his turn to be accused of a crime he’d never committed, which on top of the many crimes he had committed only made him look worse but despite his rage he was still sure he held all the cards and that was probably the only thing that caused him to hold his tongue.

Marie was the last of us to take the stand and lie and her story corroborated ours. Her father had supposedly told her that he’d be fishing with none other than Johnny Cotton himself on the day he died and judging by the murmurs in the courtroom, I knew we’d gotten what we wanted and that was what mattered the most. Cottons eyes were fixed on me and I stared back at him, offering the smallest but politest little smile I could. His teeth gritted in frustration before he buried his rage.

Our false testimony didn’t change things. As Marie had known it would be, the case was overturned. The jury was quick to judge Cotton guilty and he suspended everything for a sentencing hearing before the court was adjourned.

Yet as we stepped out into the golden autumn sun that afternoon, it still felt like a victory and if we’d known what was to come, perhaps we might have felt sorry for the bastard. It was the very next evening when the people of Compton came for Johnny Cotton. The whispers of his murder had spread quickly and coupled with the evidence of his harassment against poor Marie Bellefleur, folks had put the pieces together and created the story we wanted them to create.

Obviously Judge Johnny Cotton had been jealous of Alexander Bellefleurs wealth and longed to have it for himself. That was why he’d drowned the man in the river during a ‘fishing trip’ and tried to harass his daughter into being his. After that? Well… He’d likely kill Marie just for the money. Hell, some people said that he’d been trying to get some patsy to kill her anyways and had some elaborate plan to claim the money for himself.

The story shifted and changed depending on who told it but the verdict in the court of public opinion was the same. Johnny Cotton was a murderer. A murderer who given his status, thought himself above the law and in the small town of Compton, that wasn’t acceptable.

I had hoped that he might just be arrested and tried. I hadn’t thought far enough ahead regarding how our little lies might hold up in a murder trial but Compton seemed to have other things in mind. As the sun began to set that fateful day, Johnny Cotton was dragged from his home by what must have been a group of thirty or more people. They didn’t hide their faces. They didn’t need to. The mob consisted of schoolteachers, police officers and even the local milkman and each of them would no doubt swear that they weren’t part of it and they had no idea who was.

They dragged Cotton out into the streets and into the park where he had stopped me on my way home not too long ago. Someone had fashioned a noose just for him and slung it over one of the bare autumn trees and as that wicked man screamed and begged they forced it around his neck and pulled it tight.

As for who was on the other end of the rope, no one really knows. It might’ve been the first grade teacher or the man who worked behind the counter of the video store. It could’ve been the butcher, the milkman or even Marie Bellefleur herself. It might even have been me, gripping that rope tight in my hand as I watched Johnny Cottons legs kick and writhe as his face turned purple. Maybe it was all of us. Each with a hand on the rope that hung him. Whoever it was, the result was the same and within a few minutes, Cotton hung limp and lifeless, swaying in the gentle autumn breeze. When the noose was let go, he hit the ground with a thud, landing in a tangled heap and there he stayed.

When the police showed up to tidy up the body, it was long after the mob had dispersed and even years later, some people swore up and down that Cotton had hung himself out of guilt. The people of Compton knew the truth though. We all knew.

It’s been so long since Johnny Cotton died and he’s become just another ugly black mark in the history of Compton. Quickly forgotten and now only a few still know his name. Life went on without him.

In time, I married Jane and we had our family together. Growing up, our children would often play with the children of the Bellefleur family while Jane and I caught up with our old friend. She’d ended up with someone far better than Cotton and without him overshadowing her life, she seemed a much brighter person.

We never once discussed the lies we told nor did we ever acknowledge that those lies had cost a man his life. We never once talked about our hands on the rope or those dark eyes cursing us before the light faded from them… Some things are better not discussed.

As I said before, Johnny Cotton died long ago in the autumn of 1974 and I can’t rightly say anyone ever wound up missing him nor did anyone ever figure out just who had killed him. And no one ever will know who killed him. That much, we take to our graves.
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2020.10.05 09:51 HeadOfSpectre We Hang You Johnny Cotton For Your Sins Against Marie Bellefleur [Autumn 2020 Contest]

Day 5
[TW: Homophobia]

Johnny Cotton died in autumn of 1974 and I can’t rightly say anyone ever wound up missing him nor did anyone ever figure out just who had killed him.

I myself was never quite familiar with the man. Compton was by no means a large town, but it was big enough that folks weren’t tripping over each other. For each familiar face there were a dozen strangers and even then I was never the sort to get up in everyones business. I kept to myself and most folks left me alone in turn. Some of that was probably out of fear. I’ll confess that back during high school I hadn’t been the nicest of boys. I’d been that kid who cut class to smoke out behind the dumpsters and beat the living shit out of anyone I decided I didn’t like. Back then, I thought that made me tough. The truth of the matter was, I was a miserable, scared little shit and it wasn’t until after high school, when I was pushed out into the real world that I came to terms with that and finally smartened up.

All the same, my bad reputation had stuck with me and while I’d done my best to do right by some of the folks I’d hurt in the past, others would always see me as an angry brute and no matter what I did, they’d never see me as anything else. I’d made my peace with that too and tried to get on with my life anyways. What else was there to do, right?

A good seven years out of high school, I’d made a decent enough go of it. I’d gotten a job fixing cars and had a steady girl by the name of Jane Meyers. We were talking about moving out and making a go of it on our own as well as marriage, kids and all sorts of wonderful things. I really didn’t deserve Jane. Sure, I’d turned my life around but even then she was smarter than me, kinder than me and in every sense of the word better than me. I loved her with all of my heart and I did everything I could to make her happy, but if someone else had stolen her away, as hurt as I’d have been I think I would’ve understood. Yet as imperfect as I was, my Jane stayed by my side no matter what and for that I could not have been more grateful.

On the day I first met Johnny Cotton, I’d just finished a hard day's work. The sun was on the horizon, painting the sky a nostalgic shade of orange that set the autumn trees alight. I didn’t live too far from the auto shop. My little apartment was just through the park and at that time of year the changing leaves were absolutely gorgeous. They crunched under my work boots as I cut through and took in the tranquil beauty of the space around me.

Sunset glimmered off of the large pond off in one corner of the park and leaves lazily drifted down from the trees as I passed. October in Compton was always nothing short of stunning, especially back in the day and one of the best parts of living there was getting to watch as the leaves changed. One thing I was quick to learn as I grew older was that there’s a lot of beauty in the world if you care to look for it. A lot of ugly things too and while you might not look for them, they might still find you all the same.

On that particular autumn day, something ugly was waiting for me in the park and though I did not know it yet, its name was Johnathan Cotton. I caught sight of the man waiting for me beneath one of the trees. He made himself look disinterested, sure but I caught his eyes on me as I drew nearer and once I was close enough he made his move.

“Excuse me sir. Sorry to bother you but you wouldn’t happen to be Eddie Wright, would you?”
I paused right where I stood and looked at the other man, finding myself wary for the moment.
“Yeah, that would be me.” I replied, watching him thoughtfully. Cotton offered a smile that didn’t suit him all too well. He was a tall, gangly man with a narrow head and short dark hair. His ears protruded from his head a bit and he had a rather prominent nose. Even when he was smiling, his shifty dark eyes betrayed a demeanor I could only rightly describe as snakelike.

“Something I can help you with?” I asked.
“No, not at all my friend.” He replied, “Names Johnny. Johnny Cotton. It’s a pleasure to make your acquaintance.”
He offered me a hand to shake. I didn’t take it. I just watched him, already suspicious.
“Right…” He said, a little sheepishly, “You’re with Jane, right? You’re her boyfriend?”
“Last time I checked. What business is it of yours?”
“None! I swear!” Cotton insisted, “I thought it might be right to give you a little heads up regarding what she’s been up to however. You wouldn’t happen to know anyone by the name of Marie Bellefleur, would you?”
The name didn’t ring a bell.

“Can’t say that I do.” I replied.
“Well she knows Jane… I live quite close to Marie. She’s had Jane over a few times now. Now, I never thought much of it, women being women and all that but today I just happened to catch a glimpse of them necking in her backyard. I doubt they saw me but either way they went back inside in one hell of a hurry not too long afterwards and as for what happened next… Well. I can only guess.”
I caught myself frozen for a moment.

Jane? With some other woman? Truth be told, I’d never thought she’d be the type for that but why in the hell would some stranger seek me out just to lie to me? I stared at him, trying to catch my bearings as an unfamiliar pit grew in my stomach.
“Excuse me?” I said, “I’m sorry… Jane? No. You must be mistaken. Jane wouldn’t do that!”
“I know what I saw, Mr. Wright. Trust me. I know what I saw. I thought it might be the honorable thing to let you know since I doubt Jane will do that herself anytime soon.”

I opened my mouth to speak but couldn’t find the words for a moment. Cotton just stared me down, watching my reaction in silence as I tried to process the information I’d been given. Compton was not the most progressive of towns, especially in the 70s. Nowadays I can’t say I’m at all proud of what Compton was back then, but accusations of homosexuality were the kind of thing that might’ve inclined some folks towards acts of violence. I’d heard enough stories of men getting the shit beaten out of them just for holding hands in public. Calling Jane a lesbian was not a light accusation to make but this mans stony demeanor and lack of incentive to lie was enough to make me question her all the same.
“Jesus fucking Christ…” I remember murmuring, still reeling a bit from what I’d been told. “Jane… Jesus Christ… Jane…”

“I know this isn’t easy to hear Eddie.” Cotton said. His hand was on my shoulder and his eyes were burning into mine. “As a man, this must be quite a blow to find out that you are… incomplete…”
I pulled away from him.
“The fuck are you talking about?” I asked, anger rising in my voice. Cotton raised his hands and took a step back.

“Well I mean… Miss Bellefleur has taken something from you, has she not? She saw the hole in your relationship, she saw your weakness and she exploited it. You have every right to be angry my friend. You’ve been robbed of what’s rightfully yours and if I were you, well… I suppose I might be so inclined to take it back.”
I watched him quietly, hanging on to his words as he spoke. He took my silence as permission to continue.
“Women only cheat because their partner lacks something. They stray because something is missing and they find it in someone else and when that happens, well… If you want to get back what’s yours, you need to set things right.”

“And just what the hell was I missing?” I growled. I watched Cotton take a delicate step back.
“I can’t really say… But maybe if you reassert your dominance. Remove your rival from the field, that might just be what you need. I mean… Bellefleur has wronged you after all, hasn’t she? And trust me, the law around here isn’t all that interested in what happens to the degenerates…”

Degenerates… The way he said that word didn’t sit right with me and though I knew he was talking about Marie Bellefleur, I couldn’t help but think of Jane.
“I can tell you where to find her.” Cotton continued, “If you’re interested.”
I looked up at him.
He was damn right I was interested.
“Where?” I asked and as those words left my mouth, I saw a sly smile cross his lips.

Marie Bellefleur lived on a quiet street going up a hill. The road was covered in fallen leaves and as I trekked upwards, I went over what I’d say in my mind a million times. Cotton hadn’t opted to go with me. We’d went our separate ways after he’d said his piece and I was honestly grateful for his absence.

I was never quite the brightest man in the world but even I knew when I was being goaded. As for why a supposedly decent, law abiding man might lobby for violence against Bellefleur, even if she was supposedly a lesbian, well, who could really say? The sky was getting dark as I reached her house and I could see the lights on inside. Somebody was clearly home.

I ascended the steps of her front porch and knocked on her door. Familiar rage bubbled beneath the surface of my mind but I kept it buried. Cotton had seemed adamant that assaulting this woman would woo Jane back to me but I knew her too well for that. If she really was cheating on me, lashing out at her new lover wouldn’t solve anything.

Behind the door, I could hear movement as someone approached to unlock it. The woman who was waiting for me on the other side had short dark hair in a boyish shag cut that hung over her ears. She wore a little bit too much makeup but it didn’t detract from the fact that she was pretty as a picture.
“Evening ma’am.” I asked, making a point to sound polite. “Is Marie Bellefleur home at all? I was hoping to talk to her about something.”
“I’m Marie.” The woman replied, impatient and a bit annoyed. “What do you want?”
I felt a twinge of frustration that I buried quickly.

“Right… Well… You’re friends with Jane Meyers, right? You know her?”
Marie’s brow furrowed. That name wasn’t familiar to her.
“No. I don’t know anyone named Jane. Why?”

Now it was my turn to frown. Her reaction wasn’t the sort of reaction I might expect from a side piece who’d just been caught. It was the reaction of a woman who wanted very much to know why I was on her doorstop, asking her stupid questions.
“I heard you and her were friends from a man named Johnny Cotton.” I said, a little sheepishly.
As soon as I said that name, her expression darkened into one of cold rage.
“Cotton?” She spat, “What did that bastard tell you? That I was fucking your girlfriend?”
The look on my face confirmed everything she needed to know.

“Goddamnit…” She murmured and rubbed her temples. “Anything that cocksucker said to you was a fucking lie. Now go away!”
She tried to slam the door but I stopped it with my foot.
“Now hold on a minute. Why the hell would that man go looking for me just to lie to my face about you?”
“None of your damn business.” Marie snapped and tried to push me out but I wasn’t budging.

“Well Mr. Cotton here has made it my damn business. Now, I came here to talk to you like a civilized person about my girlfriend and since apparently you two haven’t even met, I’d like to know why Mr. Cotton seemed so adamant in trying to convince me that you and I were enemies. If he’s got enough of a problem with you to try and goad me into picking a fight then I think I might have a bit of a problem with him and evidently, you do too.”
She paused, watching me intently before sighing. She pulled open the door.
“You want to help?” She asked. I nodded and she gestured for me to come in.
With some of her initial rage subsided, Marie just looked exhausted. Her house was moderately clean and smelled of home cooking although it was sparsely decorated. I suspected she might have lived alone.

“That man you met was Judge John Cotton.” She said, “A friend of my fathers. I can’t say I ever knew the man well although after my father passed, Cotton seemed to want to get to know me.”
“So he takes a shine to you, then sends folks to harass you?” I asked, “I just asked Jane if she wanted to get a burger with me and that worked out a lot better…”

“It’s not that he didn’t ask. It’s the fact that I said no.” She said, folding her arms. “He’s a repulsive man to start with, although I’m sure the fact that my mother and I got all my fathers money has a thing or two to do with it too. My mothers… She’s sick. Most days, she barely recognizes people. He couldn’t really get to her so I guess I’m the next best choice. When he asked, I said no. The first few times, he took it well enough. After that, he started getting more forceful and whenever I said no, he got angrier until I made a point to avoid him around town and told him if he came around anymore I’d call the police. I guess he didn’t take that very well… A few months ago, some kids threw stones at my house. A few days later, I found a bag of burning dogshit on my porch and then a week after that, some guy came up to me screaming about me being a dyke…”

Her voice cracked as she talked about that last part, as if it had hurt a lot more than the other harassment.
“There’ve been other things too. Phone calls. Hate mail… It’s been constant ever since. I know it’s him. Spreading lies. Turning people against me. All because I turned him down… Now he does this.” Her eyes fixated on me.
“You’re probably the first person to stop and ask questions before doing anything to me...”
“Yeah, well going off half cocked on folks hasn’t done me much good in the past.” I replied, “Christ… All this bullshit over a date?”
Marie didn’t reply. She just lit a cigarette and stared out the window. I could see a tension in her shoulders and it dawned on me that the girl must’ve been scared shitless.

“I got in touch with another one of my fathers friends.” She said, “He’s been helping me put a criminal harassment case together. I’ve been documenting everything. Every bit of damage, every bruise, every bit of proof I could get against that bastard. When the case goes to trial, maybe I’ll have him then.”
“And when does it go to trial?” I asked.
“Few weeks.” She said, taking a drag on her cigarette, “I’ve been counting the days… This has been going on for months now. Y’know, every day I wake up wondering if he’s going to just straight up try to kill me to cover his own ass…”
She looked over at me and as she did, I realized that killing her was probably exactly what Cotton had hoped I’d do…

I’d said before that my bad reputation had stuck with me. A local Judge might be well aware of that and then, why not wind me up and send me after her? At the very least, I could’ve easily put that woman in the hospital and the thought of doing that honestly made me sick to my stomach. I was not that person anymore! I never wanted to be that person again and yet the idea that someone wanted to push me to that sickened me to my core.

“Well… I don’t know much about how trials work but I’ve seen how they do it on TV. I could be a witness, y’know. Someone to say that he tried to provoke me.”
Marie raised an eyebrow. I wondered if she’d been thinking the same thing.
“You’re offering?” She asked.
“I am. Look. I don’t know you, but that man was trying to provoke me into harming you tonight. I wouldn’t be able to sleep soundly if I didn’t help you get him off your back.”
For the first time, I saw a small smile cross Marie’s lips.
“I’d appreciate that.” She said, “I’d appreciate that a lot.”

If Jane didn’t know Marie before, they got acquainted not too long after she and I met. In a sense, Cotton really had done me a favor when he sent me after Marie Bellefleur. She and I struck up a solid friendship after we met and I’ll admit I quite enjoyed her company.

I did what I could to help her in the weeks leading up to the trial. I spoke to her lawyer, made a police statement and all sorts of other things but beyond that, I started spending a good deal more time at her house.

Marie, Jane and I didn’t do much of interest beyond sit on her porch and have a few beers. Folks were less inclined to give her any trouble if they spotted a man with my reputation for knocking heads hanging around with her and those who were dumb enough to try were quick to shut their mouths when I got involved.

I never hit anyone nor did I ever overtly threaten to do so. But there’s a lot one can do without making any overt threats. Without the constant threat of harassment looming over her, I noticed that Marie opened up a bit. She wasn’t quite as ornery as she’d been during our first meeting and once you got a few beers into her, the girl had an absolutely raunchy sense of humor that could leave one in stitches.

As the date of the trial drew near, I could tell that she felt confident about it too. I knew she had a few other witnesses to stand against him and I couldn’t imagine Cotton had much to retort with besides more slander. We were all good and sure that idiots goose was cooked and I don’t think any of us would’ve actually been prepared for the bullshit old Johnny Cotton was ready to pull.

There’s a phrase in law. Nemo judex in causa sua. It means that no one can be the judge in their own case. No one can judge a case in which they have no interest and when one is both the defendant and the Judge, well you can figure there won’t be a fair ruling.

Normally such a thing would be thrown out of court but Cotton was nothing if not a corrupt son of a bitch and in hindsight, it wasn’t too surprising to realize that he’d kept corrupt company.

I don’t know how he managed it but the son of a bitch ended up the judge in his own case and as soon as Marie heard that, she knew she’d lost.
“He’s probably got the whole fucking system rigged!” She snapped when she called me over to break the news. There was a panicked hysteria in her voice and I could hear it cracking. She was on the verge of tears.
“Whatever I have, he’s just going to throw it out!”
“Wait, wait, can’t you just demand a new judge or something? Book a retrial or do it in another county?” I asked. She shook her head.

“I don’t know… I’ve been talking to my lawyer. He’s been seeing what he can do but the trials in a few days! I doubt anyone gives enough of a shit about Compton to do anything and even if they do, Cotton’ll fight it tooth and nail.”
“What about the jury?” I asked, “Don’t they decide what happens?”
“You think he gives a shit about the jury? I know a judge can overturn a jury's decision although if he wants to save face, he’ll probably just give himself a fucking slap on the wrist… Hell, even if they replace him, who's to say he’ll get off with anything more than that anyways?”
I watched her wipe at her eyes as she struggled not to cry. She exhaled and looked away from me as I struggled to think up an idea.

“What about the people in town?” I asked, “There’ll be a few people watching the trial, right? Maybe they’ll see right through it?”
“And then what?” She asked, “A few people question Cotton's judgement. You really think that will stop him?”
I opened my mouth as I struggled to think of a response and what I blurted out was probably both the stupidest and smartest thing I’d ever said.

“What if we spread shit about him? Y’know, like he’s been doing to you?”
She paused, eyes fixated on me.
“Spread shit? What, you mean lie on the stand?”
“You think he ain’t going to do the same thing?” I asked, “If we can’t beat the judge, maybe we turn the town on him? I mean, hell these aren’t exactly the smartest folk in the world. All he needed to do was spout some horseshit about you to basically ruin your life! So why can’t two play at that game? We say it on the stand, people might actually buy it.”
“I don’t think people are going to buy us accusing him of being gay on the stand.” Marie said. I paused for a moment and thought about it.

“Alright… Well… Maybe we call him something worse, then? Expand the story. Make it bigger and worse than it is. Make it absolutely unforgivable! Hell, folks might just run him out of town if we do it right!”
I could see that Marie didn’t like that plan one bit but really, what else was there that could be done?
“What exactly would we say?” Marie asked.
“You said that you figured he was mostly after your father's money, right? The inheritance he left you.”
She shifted uneasily, as if she knew where I was going with this.

“I did…”
“How exactly did your father die?”
“Drowned.” She said, “He was out fishing. Fell into the river. He was alone. If you’re suggesting we blame Cotton, the man probably has a solid alibi. If I remember correctly, he’d left town a few days prior to visit with family.”
I raised an eyebrow.
“So no one in town can account for his whereabouts…” I said and Marie paused. She knew I was right. We didn’t need evidence. All we needed were rumors and some suckers who might buy them and that was the one thing Compton had in spades. We didn’t know it at the time, but it was that moment where Johnny Cotton's doom was sealed.

The day of the trial was bright and sunny. Autumn was at its end. The trees were nearly bare and as Marie, Jane and I came to the courtroom we knew we were about to do something terrible. That didn’t matter to us though.

As expected, they hadn’t been able to replace Cotton at the trial. When the proceedings began, he took his seat proudly at the bench as if nothing was wrong and when Marie’s layer laid out the facts of his sins, he was quick to dismiss them.

Her lawyer of course had no idea just what our little plan was. The man would never have approved of it and perhaps that was an oversight on our part. Looking back, things could have easily blown up in our faces but when the time came and I was called to the stand, I stared at the man I was about to condemn with a coldness I didn’t know I had in me. Cotton regarded me with what seemed like apathy although I was sure I saw a quiet anger in his eyes.

I knew he was cursing me for turning on him but really, the bastard had brought it on himself. As I took the stand, I recounted my first meeting with Mr. Cotton in the park a few weeks prior. On that matter, I was entirely truthful. It wasn’t until I was asked if I had any relation with Cotton prior that I deviated from the facts.

“Not explicitly.” I said in response to the question, “At the time I didn’t think much about it since my only other encounter with him was at a considerable distance.”
“And pray tell, what encounter was that?” The defense asked me.
“I’ll confess it didn’t click until some time later, after I met Marie and spoke with her a bit. See… A few months back Jane and I had gone for a drive. We’d stopped for a little walk by a river and spotted two men in a boat in the distance. I can’t say they registered much to us at the time until one fell overboard…”

The defense paused. I saw his eyes dart up to Cotton before going back to me.
“I noticed the second man in the boat sort of… moved away from the first even though he was in the water. We were quite a ways away but since it was Alexander Bellefleur, Marie’s father they pulled out of that river later I’m quite sure it was him.”
Cotton was staring at me now, utterly speechless. He knew what I was doing and I could see the rage building in his eyes.
“Liar! I was never with Alex the day he died! I was out of town and I-”

“Marie told us that he’d said he’d been with you.” I said before looking at the Defense.
“Call her or Jane to the stand. We’ll all say the same thing.” I said and as I spoke, I could see the few gathered in the courtroom whispering amongst themselves. I could see Marie listening to them as her eyes remained trained on Cotton and when she realized that we’d shaken things up she cracked the smallest of smiles.

Sure enough, they called Jane to the stand next and she said the same thing I did. The same things we’d told her to say.
“Marie told me her father was with Cotton that day and I’m quite sure the man I saw in the bat that day was him.” She said, “Given his behavior towards Marie, well I was admittedly a little scared for hers and her mother's safety!”

I could see quiet rage brewing in Cottons eyes along with a panic that I understood. After all, now it was his turn to be accused of a crime he’d never committed, which on top of the many crimes he had committed only made him look worse but despite his rage he was still sure he held all the cards and that was probably the only thing that caused him to hold his tongue.

Marie was the last of us to take the stand and lie and her story corroborated ours. Her father had supposedly told her that he’d be fishing with none other than Johnny Cotton himself on the day he died and judging by the murmurs in the courtroom, I knew we’d gotten what we wanted and that was what mattered the most. Cottons eyes were fixed on me and I stared back at him, offering the smallest but politest little smile I could. His teeth gritted in frustration before he buried his rage.

Our false testimony didn’t change things. As Marie had known it would be, the case was overturned. The jury was quick to judge Cotton guilty and he suspended everything for a sentencing hearing before the court was adjourned.

Yet as we stepped out into the golden autumn sun that afternoon, it still felt like a victory and if we’d known what was to come, perhaps we might have felt sorry for the bastard. It was the very next evening when the people of Compton came for Johnny Cotton. The whispers of his murder had spread quickly and coupled with the evidence of his harassment against poor Marie Bellefleur, folks had put the pieces together and created the story we wanted them to create.

Obviously Judge Johnny Cotton had been jealous of Alexander Bellefleurs wealth and longed to have it for himself. That was why he’d drowned the man in the river during a ‘fishing trip’ and tried to harass his daughter into being his. After that? Well… He’d likely kill Marie just for the money. Hell, some people said that he’d been trying to get some patsy to kill her anyways and had some elaborate plan to claim the money for himself.

The story shifted and changed depending on who told it but the verdict in the court of public opinion was the same. Johnny Cotton was a murderer. A murderer who given his status, thought himself above the law and in the small town of Compton, that wasn’t acceptable.

I had hoped that he might just be arrested and tried. I hadn’t thought far enough ahead regarding how our little lies might hold up in a murder trial but Compton seemed to have other things in mind. As the sun began to set that fateful day, Johnny Cotton was dragged from his home by what must have been a group of thirty or more people. They didn’t hide their faces. They didn’t need to. The mob consisted of schoolteachers, police officers and even the local milkman and each of them would no doubt swear that they weren’t part of it and they had no idea who was.

They dragged Cotton out into the streets and into the park where he had stopped me on my way home not too long ago. Someone had fashioned a noose just for him and slung it over one of the bare autumn trees and as that wicked man screamed and begged they forced it around his neck and pulled it tight.

As for who was on the other end of the rope, no one really knows. It might’ve been the first grade teacher or the man who worked behind the counter of the video store. It could’ve been the butcher, the milkman or even Marie Bellefleur herself. It might even have been me, gripping that rope tight in my hand as I watched Johnny Cottons legs kick and writhe as his face turned purple. Maybe it was all of us. Each with a hand on the rope that hung him. Whoever it was, the result was the same and within a few minutes, Cotton hung limp and lifeless, swaying in the gentle autumn breeze. When the noose was let go, he hit the ground with a thud, landing in a tangled heap and there he stayed.

When the police showed up to tidy up the body, it was long after the mob had dispersed and even years later, some people swore up and down that Cotton had hung himself out of guilt. The people of Compton knew the truth though. We all knew.

It’s been so long since Johnny Cotton died and he’s become just another ugly black mark in the history of Compton. Quickly forgotten and now only a few still know his name. Life went on without him.

In time, I married Jane and we had our family together. Growing up, our children would often play with the children of the Bellefleur family while Jane and I caught up with our old friend. She’d ended up with someone far better than Cotton and without him overshadowing her life, she seemed a much brighter person.

We never once discussed the lies we told nor did we ever acknowledge that those lies had cost a man his life. We never once talked about our hands on the rope or those dark eyes cursing us before the light faded from them… Some things are better not discussed.

As I said before, Johnny Cotton died long ago in the autumn of 1974 and I can’t rightly say anyone ever wound up missing him nor did anyone ever figure out just who had killed him. And no one ever will know who killed him. That much, we take to our graves.
submitted by HeadOfSpectre to Write_Right [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 08:09 AdequateSizeAttache Setting the Record Straight on the Evidence of Prior Sexual Abuse - Part 1

[This post has been split into two parts because of selfpost character limits.]

Introduction

It surprises me how often I see discussions involving speculation on whether JonBenet's UTIs, vaginitis, bedwetting, and history of frequent doctor visits indicate sexual abuse or not. These discussions invariably include people chiming in to share how they or someone they know had similar issues but were never abused. From these discussions, one could get the impression that itchy pageant costumes or Mr. Bubble useage are perfectly reasonable explanations for the evidence of sexual abuse.
The fact is, there's no need to speculate based on these things. There is physical evidence that is a significant indicator of prior sexual abuse. This is the evidence that should be at the forefront of discussions on the question of sexual abuse, not bubble baths or bedwetting. Issues such as vaginitis, UTIs, and bedwetting are not specific to sexual abuse; there are other possible explanations for them. There is no other possible explanation for the physical evidence besides trauma from physical penetration.
In reading discussions on the case over the years, it's always puzzled me how often the evidence of prior sexual abuse gets downplayed or dismissed. In considering why, I believe it is due primarily to these two common misconceptions:
Common Misconception 1 (as demonstrated above): The evidence of sexual abuse = vaginal irritation, UTIs, rashes, bedwetting, soiling, frequent doctor visits
Common Misconception 2: There is a medical debate on the issue and there's evidence to support both sides
Common Misconception 1 is a straw man argument — the actual evidence (the physical findings) is not being addressed or refuted.
Common Misconception 2 is an argument from false equivalence. An equal, rather than accurate, amount of weight is given to both sides of the issue. People see the mountain of conflicting information and contradicting opinions and think "It looks like expert opinion on this issue is divided; I guess a case can be made for either side." The enormous difference in expertise and experience between the various experts is ignored, as is the level of access they had to the evidence. This misconception gives the impression that all these expert opinions cancel each other out, rendering the issue debatable and open to interpretation. Consequently, the probative value of the evidence is undermined, making it easier for people to feel they can dismiss.
I think several factors have contributed to these two misconceptions:
However, if one takes a closer look at the evidence, it becomes apparent that it is not weighted equally on both sides. There is no medical debate, but a medical consensus. Every child sexual abuse expert who examined the genital findings from JonBenet's autopsy recognized physical signs of sexual abuse that predated her murder. Despite some objections to their conclusion, no one has disputed the physical findings of these experts. Their findings are compelling and should be seriously considered. In order to do that, though, one must first understand what the findings are and get acquainted with the doctors who testified to them.
The purpose of this post is to lay out everything that is known about the evidence of prior sexual abuse, but also to put it into a larger context so that hopefully it will be better understood. This will involve delving a bit into the history of child sexual abuse evaluations (it will become relevant later), as well as some background information of the experts involved. I will also go over dissenting opinions and address some common counterarguments and myths.

The evolution of modern pediatric sexual abuse evaluations: A brief historical timeline

1857 - One of the first known forensic medical studies on child sexual abuse, Étude médico-légale sur les attentats aux mœurs (Forensic study on offenses against morals) by French medical doctor and pathologist Auguste Ambroise Tardieu, is published. This treatise describes various forms of child abuse and maltreatment and includes anatomical drawings of genital findings which by modern standards are considered surprisingly accurate and ahead of its time. For some reason these efforts are largely ignored and it will be over a century before interest in sexual abuse evaluations from a medical perspective is resurrected.
1940s-50s - Child sexual abuse remains an unacknowledged taboo. Medical textbooks of this era tell doctors that children can contract STIs like gonorrhea from non-sexual means, such as from toilet seats, sharing towels, or sleeping in the same bed as an infected adult. Such myths will pervade for decades.
1962 - "The Battered Child Syndrome" by pediatrician C. Henry Kempe is published and physical child abuse is recognized. A watershed moment in pediatrics and child abuse protection. This article is about detecting hidden signs of physical abuse using modern radiological technology and newly proposed evaluation guidelines. Detecting chronic or hidden sexual abuse, however, will prove to be a more enduring challenge.
Late 1960s - By now all 50 states have child abuse protection laws in place.
1970s - Feminist campaigners and policymakers take up the cause of child sexual abuse. Most child protection workers during this period are social workers and therapists. The field of child abuse protection and evaluation is in its nascency.
1974 - Congress enacts the Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA, P.L. 93-247). CAPTA creates a nationwide focus on establishing standardized protocols for dealing with all forms of child abuse and neglect. Mandatory reporting is one component of CAPTA. Before, only doctors were required to report cases of suspected child abuse; now, it is anyone in a position of authority — teachers, camp counselors, etc. Consequently, there is a significant increase in the reporting of child abuse cases and an increase in the demand of evaluations for suspected sexual abuse. Most of the physicians doing these medical evaluations are not researchers or academics but work with prosecutor's offices and law enforcement.
1975 - Suzanne M. Sgroi, physician pioneer in the field, publishes an article calling child sexual abuse "the last frontier in child abuse" which "remains a taboo topic in many areas."
1977 - C. Henry Kempe brings awareness to the issue of child sexual abuse by following up "The Battered Child Syndrome" with a landmark lecture at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics in New York City. The talk, titled "Sexual Abuse, Another Hidden Pediatric Problem" is published in the journal Pediatrics the following year.
1980s - Doctors start examining children's genitals, documenting, cataloging and trying to interpret their findings. Some use a colposcope, a binocular-like instrument originally used to detect cervical cancer, which magnifies the vaginal canal and tissues up to 4-30x. Some take anatomical measurements which they use to develop criteria for suspected abuse. They know what findings they see in abused children, but there is an acute lack of understanding of what "normal" or nonabused genital findings look like.
1981 - The article "Sexual Misuse: Rape, Molestation, and Incest" by Dr. Bruce Woodling is published in the journal Pediatric Clinics of North America.
Dr. Woodling is a California physician whose area of specialty is in sexual abuse forensics. The paper presents his research on what he has dubbed the "wink response test", a concept borrowed from Tardieu's 19th-century forensic manual. This test involves stroking the area near the anus with a cotton swab and gauging the response — contraction of the sphincter indicates no abuse, while an involuntary opening or 'winking' response indicates prior penetration. It was a test Tardieu developed to diagnose pederasty and Woodling has applied it to children as a way to detect anal abuse.
1982 - The wave of daycare sexual abuse hysteria of the 80s begins with the Kern County abuse allegations. The investigation and trial will culminate in the conviction of two couples (the McCuans and Kniffens) for sexually abusing several children. Dr. Woodling's wink response test and testimony play a part in their conviction. Several other similar cases in the same area at the time result in convictions of several others.
1984 - Daycare abuse hysteria continues with the Fells Acres and McMartin Preschool accusations. In the Fells Acre case, day care teacher Gerald Amirault will be put on trial and convicted of sexually assaulting and raping nine children. Questionable interview methods of the children and unproven genital evaluation criteria form the basis for the conviction.
The McMartin preschool case is the first to receive major media attention in the United States. Pediatrician Astrid Heger, under the tutelage of Dr. Bruce Woodling, conducts many of the evaluations of the McMartin children and diagnoses the majority of them as having been sexually abused. The criteria used for the evaluations are based primarily on Woodling's research as well as other published papers at the time (e.g., Cantwell's 1983 study on hymenal diameter measurements). Many of the children are found to have suspect genital findings such as notches, clefts, bands, tissue tags, ruffled or rolled hymenal edges, 'microtraumas' seen only with magnification, hymenal openings which measure over four millimeters, as well as positive reactions to Woodling's wink response test.
mid to late 80s - More abuse allegations and convictions including Country Walk, Wee Nursery, Bronx Five, Little Rascals day care, Glendale Montessori cases.
1988 - Dr. John McCann, a pediatrics professor and researcher from UCSF School of Medicine, drops a bombshell at the 18th annual child abuse convention in San Diego. He presents the results of a study he and his colleagues have worked on the past four years. They had gathered a control group of about 300 nonabused/"normal" children and meticulously documented and photographed their anuses and genitals, the first such study to do so. What they learned shocked McCann and everyone else in the field. Many of the anatomic findings which some specialists were claiming to be signs of abuse were commonly found in the nonabused children. The study showed that the large variation of anatomical features of childrens' genitals were, in fact, just that — variations of normal. This meant that parents and caretakers were being reported and convicted based on erroneous unscientific criteria. This presentation, titled "Anatomical Standardization of Normal Prepubertal Children," is a watershed moment in the field.
1989 - The first paper based on McCann's study ("Perianal findings in prepubertal children selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect. Among its conclusions, it shows that Dr. Woodling's wink response test has no scientific basis.
The impact of McCann's study influences leaders in the field to call for an overhaul in the way sexual abuse evaluation criteria are approached:
Medical Examination for Sexual Abuse: Have We Been Misled?
The more we learn, the less we know "with reasonable medical certainty"?
1990s - This decade sees an explosion of research and progress. The second paper based on McCanns' landmark study ("Genital findings in prepubertal girls selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Pediatrics in 1990. The dropping of charges in the McMartin preschool trial, also in 1990, marks the beginning of the winding down of the nation's abuse hysteria. McCann's research is presented as evidence by the defense in some abuse trials, such as the McMartin and Little Rascals daycare cases.
1992 - A classification system for evaluating children for suspected sexual abuse is proposed by Dr. Joyce Adams, Katherine Harper and Sandra Knudson. This later becomes known as the Adams classification system (keep this system in mind as we will be referring back to it) and will be periodically revised with updated criteria throughout the following decades. It will be adopted and used in the field of child abuse pediatrics and gynecology worldwide. John McCann's research help form a basis for this system.
mid to late 90s - More research based on cross-sectional, case-control, and longitudinal studies of abused and nonabused children are published which improves understanding and accuracy of evaluation criteria: Berenson, Heger, Adams, Emans, Kellogg, Kerns, McCann, Muram, Finkel, etc. Due to the errors of the previous decade, specialists in the field are highly conscientious and prudent about differentiating nonabuse from abuse criteria.

The evidence of prior sexual abuse in the JonBenet Ramsey case: What we know

When Boulder County Coroner Dr. John Meyer performed JonBenet's autopsy, he identified signs of acute vaginal trauma which he believed was consistent with digital penetration. What we didn't find out until the publication of James Kolar's book Foreign Faction in 2012 is that Dr. Meyer also saw indications of prior sexual contact. Concerned about this possibility, he sought a specialist opinion and brought Dr. Andrew Sirotnak to the morgue to examine JonBenet's genital injuries. Dr. Sirotnak was a child abuse pediatrician who headed the Child Protection Team at Children's Hospital Colorado. He confirmed Meyer's opinion that there were signs of prior sexual contact.
Here are the relevant passages from Kolar's book:
  • Dr. Meyer also observed signs of chronic inflammation around the vaginal orifice and believed that these injuries had been inflicted in the days or weeks before the acute injury that was responsible for causing the bleeding at the time of her death. This irritation appeared consistent with prior sexual contact.
    [Foreign Faction: Who Really Kidnapped JonBenet?, A. James Kolar, p. 58]
  • Following the meeting, Dr. Meyer returned to the morgue with Dr. Andy Sirontak, Chief of Denver Children's Hospital Child Protection Team, so that a second opinion could be rendered on the injuries observed to the vaginal area of JonBenet. He would observe the same injuries that Dr. Meyer had noted during the autopsy protocol and concurred that a foreign object had been inserted into the opening of JonBenet's vaginal orifice and was responsible for the acute injury witnessed at the 7:00 o'clock position. Further inspection revealed that the hymen was shriveled and retracted, a sign that JonBenet had been subjected to some type of sexual contact prior to the date of her death. Dr. Sirontak could not provide an opinion as to how old those injuries were or how many times JonBenet may have been assaulted and would defer to the expert opinions of other medical examiners.
    [Kolar, p. 61]
  • Dr. Meyer was concerned about JonBenet's vaginal injuries, and he, along with Boulder investigators, sought the opinions of a variety of other physicians in the days following her autopsy. Dr. Sirontak, a pediatrician with Denver Children's Hospital, had recognized signs of prior sexual trauma but neither he nor Dr. Meyer were able to say with any degree of certainty what period of time may have been involved in the abuse.
    [Kolar, p. 63]
Boulder Police would later ask several child sexual abuse experts to review the autopsy findings* in order to help them determine if there was evidence of prior sexual abuse. In addition to Andrew Sirotnak, these are the experts whom we know were consulted:
Richard Krugman
James Monteleone
Valerie Rao
John McCann
That's right — that John McCann. The same John McCann who was responsible for putting child sexual abuse evaluations onto scientific footing and who happened to establish the standards for what is considered normal and abnormal in pediatric genital exams was consulted on the JonBenet Ramsey case.
In Steve Thomas's 2001 deposition for the Wolf v Ramsey civil trial, Thomas says that McCann came recommended by the FBI. There's a reason for that, which is that McCann was regarded as one of the the foremost authorities on interpreting pediatric anogenital findings in cases of suspected abuse. Thomas also refers to McCann, Monteleone, and Rao as the "blue ribbon pediatric panel." Based on various sources, we know that there was at least one meeting in Boulder in September 1997 involving McCann, Rao, Monteleone, and Krugman.
Here is the relevant passage from Thomas's book:
In mid-September, a panel of pediatric experts from around the country reached one of the major conclusions of the investigation - that JonBenet had suffered vaginal trauma prior to the day she was killed.
There were no dissenting opinions among them on the issue, and they firmly rejected any possibility that the trauma to the hymen and chronic vaginal inflammation were caused by urination issues or masturbation. We gathered affidavits stating in clear language that there were injuries "consistent with prior trauma and sexual abuse"...."There was chronic abuse"..."Past violation of the vagina"...."Evidence of both acute injury and chronic sexual abuse." In other words, the doctors were saying it had happened before.
...
The results, however, were not what is known in the legal world as "conclusive" - which means that there can be no other interpretation - and I would fully expect defense lawyers to argue something different. Nevertheless, our highly qualified doctors had brought in a remarkable finding.
[JonBenet: Inside the Ramsey Murder Investigation, Steve Thomas & Don Davis, p. 253]
The experts expected to testify in court had the case gone to trial. As we know, there was no criminal trial, but we know the experts were called to testify before the grand jury.
*During JonBenet's autopsy, an instrument called a colposcope was used to examine and document her genital injuries. This is standard procedure in forensic pathology in cases of suspected child abuse or sexual assault. Colposcopy illuminates and magnifies the vaginal cavity and is used to identify abnormal changes to tissue and the internal genital structures. The experts would have relied on these colposcopic photos as well as histologic samples of JonBenet's vaginal mucosa in addition to the autopsy report, coroner's notes, and lab results.

The physical findings explained

These are the genital findings we know were discovered at JonBenet's autopsy:
Ref. no. Finding Source
1 Chronic inflammation around vaginal orifice FF
2 Small amount of dried blood on perineum AR
3 Small amount of dried and semifluid blood on skin of fourchette and in vestibule AR
4 Hyperemia of vestibule and vaginal wall AR
5 Abrasion on hymenal orifice at 7 o'clock position, involving the hymen and vaginal wall AR
6 Epithelial erosion with underlying capillary congestion of tissue from 7'oclock AR
7 Hymenal orifice measuring 1cm x 1cm AR
8 A lack of hymenal tissue between the 10 and 2 o'clock positions AR
9 Vascular congestion and focal interstitial chronic inflammation of vaginal mucosa in all sections AR
10 Bruise on hymen BP
11 Three dimensional thickening from inside to outside of inferior hymenal rim BP
12 Narrowing of inferior hymenal rim to base of hymen BP
13 Exposure of vaginal rugae BP
AR = Autopsy Report
BP = Bonita Papers
FF = Foreign Faction
What do these physical findings mean?
Here is a quick break down:
  • 5, 6, and 10, with corresponding bleeding 2 and 3, are signs of acute trauma from the time of the murder.
  • 7 is something that gets brought up as evidence of prior abuse ("enlarged hymenal opening"). However, criteria based on hymenal opening measurements were removed from the Adams classification guidelines in 1996. McCann did not include it in his criteria for abuse, but said it supported the findings for abuse. Since the late 90s/early 2000s, specialists have tried to move away from using measurement-based criteria as it is difficult to do precisely. Research data has shown that measurements can vary with the examination position, technique, age of the child, state of relaxation of the child, and the skill of the examiner.
  • 8 describes a crescentic hymen, a common variation of hymen types. This is a normal finding. Generally, discrepancies of the anterior half of the hymen (above the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) are not considered concerning and missing segments, notches, clefts can be normal findings. It is the inferior half of the hymen (below the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) where experts look for indicators of abuse.
  • 11-13 are findings observed by John McCann that describe structural changes of the hymen from a prior penetration. 12 describes a transection (a healed laceration) of the inferior portion of the hymen.
  • 1, 4, 9 can be caused by a variety of other conditions and on their own are not classified as indicators for abuse. In the case where findings indicating abuse are also present, they need to be considered in context.
McCann's findings
The most important of these findings to understand is 12, which is one of McCann's observations outlined in the Bonita Papers.
There was a three dimensional thickening from inside to outside on the inferior hymeneal rim with a bruise apparent on the external surface of the hymen and a narrowing of the hymeneal rim from the edge of the hymen to where it attaches to the muscular portion of the vaginal openings. At the narrowing area, there appeared to be very little if any hymen present.
To understand what this means, take a look at the white line segment labeled "Hymenal width" in this colposcopic photo (warning: image of vagina/hymen). It demarcates the length of the hymenal membrane from the rim/edge to the base where it attaches to the vaginal wall.
A narrowing of the hymenal rim means the hymenal membrane is reduced in dimension from the rim/edge toward the base. When the rim is narrowed all the way to the base, that is called a complete cleft or a transection. A transection is a discontinuity of the inferior hymenal rim that extends to or through the base of the hymen. Basically, it is a telltale residual absence of tissue from a healed complete laceration.
If this is difficult to visualize, here is a figure which shows what transections look like:
Figure 3: Hymenal Membrane Characteristics
[source]
The Adams classification system
In the fields of child abuse pediatrics and pediatric gynecology, the set of guidelines most widely used in interpreting genital findings is the Adams classification system.
If we were to look at the most recently revised version (2018), we would see that it identifies certain "findings caused by trauma":
These findings are highly suggestive of abuse, even in the absence of a disclosure from the child, unless the child and/or caretaker provides a timely and plausible description of accidental anogenital straddle, crush or impalement injury, or past surgical interventions that are confirmed from review of medical records.
Among those findings that are "highly suggestive of abuse" includes point 37, listed in the subsection titled "Residual (healing) injuries to genital/anal tissues" under section E:
Healed hymenal transection/complete hymen cleft, a defect in the hymen below the 3-9 o'clock location that extends to or through the base of the hymen, with no hymenal tissue discernible at that location
This is precisely what Dr. McCann described having observed in JonBenet.
A transection in the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal child is a significant finding because it is considered a clear indication of a prior penetrating injury:
  • Multiple studies have noted the presence of hymenal transections only in prepubertal girls with a history of disclosed sexual abuse.
    [ Sara T. Stewart, MD. Hymenal Characteristics in Girls with and without a History of Sexual Abuse, p. 533]
  • Hymenal transections are very rarely seen in prepubertal girls who have not been sexually abused. However, a demonstrated transection, based on multiple studies, is commonly viewed as “a clear but uncommon indicator of past trauma.”
    [Mishori, R., Ferdowsian, H., Naimer, K. et al. The little tissue that couldn’t – dispelling myths about the Hymen’s role in determining sexual history and assault.]
  • Thus a deep notch, transection, or perforation on the inferior portion of the hymen may be considered as a definitive sign of sexual abuse or other trauma.
    [Berenson, et al. A case-control study of anatomic changes resulting from sexual abuse, p. 829]
  • A transection of the posterior hymen between 4 and 8 o’clock in prepubertal girls suggests genital penetrating trauma; however, the presence of this finding is not confirmatory of sexual abuse. Posterior hymenal findings including transections between 4 and 8 o’clock, deep notches, and perforations were not seen in studies of prepubertal girls without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse included in this systematic review. Therefore, one can conclude that the posterior hymenal findings of transections, deep notches, and perforations are extremely infrequent findings among children without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse or other means. [...]
    However, because the prevalence of posterior hymenal findings (between 4 and 8 o’clock) such as transections, deep notches, and perforations are near zero in nonabused prepubertal girls, the presence of these examination findings suggests genital trauma from sexual abuse. In the absence of known genital trauma from accidental means, the possibility for sexual abuse must be strongly considered. In a prepubertal girl with a posterior hymenal finding of a transection (between 4 and 8 o’clock), a deep notch (between 4 and 8 o’clock), or a perforation, a report to child protective services should be strongly considered. At a minimum, an examination by a child abuse specialist should occur to confirm these findings and to help provide a careful interpretation regarding the likelihood of sexual abuse.
    [Molly Curtin Berkoff, MD, MPH; Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH; Kathi L. Makoroff, MD; et al. Has This Prepubertal Girl Been Sexually Abused?, p. 2790]
If any doctor or medical provider today observed a transection on the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal female patient, he/she would be required to make a report for suspected sexual abuse and an explanation would be required for how that healed injury got there. In forty years of research, this finding has not been seen in any other instance besides from penetrating trauma. In prepubertal girls, it is indicative of sexual abuse unless it can be shown otherwise.

What the evidence says

The evidence says JonBenet had been subjected to at least one penetration of the vagina through the hymenal membrane prior to her murder. The penetration caused a complete laceration of the inferior hymenal membrane. After the laceration healed, a transection and other structural changes of the hymen remained.
The age of the prior injury could not be determined, but based on his research on the healing of hymenal lacerations of prepubertal girls, it was McCann's opinion that it was more than ten days old. His research has shown that "most signs of an acute [hymenal laceration] injury were gone within 7 to 10 days." Some of the experts thought the prior injury could have been weeks or months old.
While the evidence could conclusively prove only one prior penetration, the experts believed there had been more than one instance of penetration/sexual contact and that JonBenet's genital findings indicated abuse that had been repeated or ongoing. They were unable to determine how many incidents over what period of time.
Four of the five experts (Sirotnak, Monteleone, Rao, McCann) were confident in their opinion that JonBenet's genital findings were diagnostic of sexual abuse. One (Krugman) could not disagree with that assessment, but lacking certain forensic evidence (i.e., the victim's testimony, the confirmed presence of sperm, or an STI), was unwilling to assume a sexual motive for the abuse. He felt there was evidence only of physical abuse of the genitals.

What else could explain the prior penetration/ hymenal trauma besides sexual abuse?

There are three known causes of transections in the inferior hymenal rim in prepubertal girls — penetrative sexual abuse, accidental penetrating trauma, and surgical intervention.
Most accidental genital injuries sustained by children are straddle-type injuries that involve a fall onto the horizontal bar of a bicycle, jungle gym, or picket fence. This type of accident involves compression of the soft tissues against the bony margins of the pelvic outlet. Trauma is usually limited to the external structures of the genital area (e.g., labia, clitoral hood, fourchette, perineum).
Accidental penetrating or impalement injuries that involve trauma to the hymen are relatively rare:
Of 161 accidental genital injuries reported in the literature, 3.7% involved the hymen.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
However, they do occur and the resulting injuries can mimic those of sexual abuse. In such cases, it is important that the cause of the injury be confirmed.
Whether an acute or healed genital or anal injury is identified, it is incumbent on the medical professional to obtain a complete history of the nature of the injury. [...]
Key differences in the history of accidental trauma, such as a straddle injury, are that accidental injuries are more commonly observed by a third party, medical attention is sought immediately after the injury, a scene-of-injury visit confirms the plausibility of the injuries and the accompanying history, and the pattern of injury is consistent with the history.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
If JonBenet's prior hymenal injury was the result of an accident or a past surgical procedure, it should be reflected in her medical records and easy to prove. An accidental penetrating injury that results in a complete laceration of the hymen is considered severe, one that would be painful and cause bleeding. It would be expected that most parents or caretakers would seek medical attention for their child's injury.
We know the Ramseys were not timid or frugal when it came to getting medical attention for JonBenet's injuries and ailments. We have records of her being seen by the doctor for various bumps, falls, and injuries, such as a bent fingernail from a fall, a bruised nose from faceplanting at a grocery store, a bump on the brow from a tripping fall, and a small cut to the cheek from a golf club swing. If JonBenet had sustained an accidental genital injury that resulted in a severe laceration, I find it very hard to believe she would not have been taken to the doctor for such an injury when she was taken for lesser injuries and ailments.
Clearly, there was nothing in her medical records that could account for such an injury or the Ramseys would have provided it to police.
 
(Continue to Part 2: The experts, responses to dissenting opinions and common myths, etc.)
submitted by AdequateSizeAttache to JonBenetRamsey [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:54 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Resources for Pre-1800's Magic & Sorcery (Books, Websites, Blogs & Etc.)

Cross-posted from Magick.
Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
https://philosophy.ucla.edu/person/brian-copenhave
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library & The Embassy of the Free Mind
https://www.youtube.com/c/EmbassyoftheFreeMind/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
https://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
https://brill.com/view/serial/ARBS?language=en
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
submitted by Brother_Moloch_969 to realwitchcraft [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:44 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Books, Websites, Blogs & More Resources for Pre-1800's Magic & Sorcery

Crossposted from Magick.
Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
https://philosophy.ucla.edu/person/brian-copenhave
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library & The Embassy of the Free Mind
https://www.youtube.com/c/EmbassyoftheFreeMind/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
https://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
https://brill.com/view/serial/ARBS?language=en
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
submitted by Brother_Moloch_969 to witchcraft [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:33 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Sources for Pre-1800's Magic & Sorcery Books, Websites, Blogs and etc.

Cross-posted from Magick.
Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
http://www.cmrs.ucla.edu/brian/index.htm
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library
https://www.youtube.com/useTheRitmanLibrary/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
http://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
http://www.brill.com/aries
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2020.09.18 19:31 Brother_Moloch_969 List of Academic Pre-1800's Occult Books, Websites, Blogs & Etc.

Greetings. Several years ago, I along with some friends (Aaron Leitch, Jake Stratton-Kent, Frater Rufus Opus, and many others) contributed to a list we thought would be a great resource for studying Magic & Sorcery with academic elements listed prior to the 1800's new age movement. Here you will find a lot of useful information and realize this list is NOT complete because since the time we created this list, more academic material has emerged on the market. Also realize these books are not often found free on the Net in pdf form so you will have to do like the rest of us had to do which is purchase them - if you want them. I got many of these books in used condition from Amazon, AbeBooks, Half-Price Books, and so forth. Getting these materials & studying them will seriously up your magical game. Enjoy!
8o) Br Moloch 9.6.9.
Books:
  1. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation: Including the Demotic Spells: Texts (Volume 1)” by Hans Dieter Betz - This is a collection of magical spells and formulas, hymns, and rituals from Greco-Roman Egypt, dating from the second century B.C. to the fifth century A.D. A must read.
  2. Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World” edited by John G. Gager - In the ancient Greco-Roman world, it was common practice to curse or bind an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. These curses or binding spells, commonly called defixiones were intended to bring other people under the power and control of those who commissioned them
  3. Magika Hiera: Ancient Greek Magic and Religion” edited by Christopher A. Faraone & Dirk Obbink - This collection challenges the tendency among scholars of ancient Greece to see magical and religious ritual as mutually exclusive and to ignore "magical" practices in Greek religion. The contributors survey specific bodies of archaeological, epigraphical, and papyrological evidence for magical practices in the Greek world, and, in each case, determine whether the traditional dichotomy between magic and religion helps in any way to conceptualize the objective features of the evidence examined.
  4. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts” by Georg Luck - Magic, miracles, daemonology, divination, astrology, and alchemy were the arcana mundi, the "secrets of the universe," of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this path-breaking collection of Greek and Roman writings on magic and the occult, Georg Luck provides a comprehensive sourcebook and introduction to magic as it was practiced by witches and sorcerers, magi and astrologers, in the Greek and Roman worlds.
  5. Greek and Roman Necromancy” by Daniel Ogden - In classical antiquity, there was much interest in necromancy--the consultation of the dead for divination. People could seek knowledge from the dead by sleeping on tombs, visiting oracles, and attempting to reanimate corpses and skulls. Ranging over many of the lands in which Greek and Roman civilizations flourished, including Egypt, from the Greek archaic period through the late Roman empire, this book is the first comprehensive survey of the subject ever published in any language.
  6. Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century” by Richard Kieckhefer - Like many medieval texts for the use of magicians, this handbook is a miscellany rather than a systematic treatise. It is exceptional, however, in the scope and variety of its contents—prayers and conjurations, rituals of sympathetic magic, procedures involving astral magic, a catalogue of spirits, lengthy ceremonies for consecrating a book of magic, and other materials.
  7. Ritual Magic” by Elizabeth M. Butler - In this classic book (first published in 1949), Butler explores ritual magic using a wide range of texts from the pre-Christian rites of the Akkadians and Chaldeans to the Solomonic Clavicles of medieval Europe. Throughout, there is extensive quotation from the documents themselves, providing the reader with an authentic sense of the richness and power of these texts.
  8. Conjuring Spirits: Texts and Traditions of Medieval Ritual Magic” edited by Claire Fanger - Included are chapters by Richard Kieckhefer and Robert Mathiesen on the Sworn Book of Honorius, Michael Camille on the Ars Notoria, John B. Friedman on the Secretum Philosophorum, Nicholas Watson on the McMaster text, and Elizabeth Wade on Lullian divination. The work also includes Juris Lidaka's edition of the Liber de Angelis, and an overview of late medieval English ritual manuscripts by Frank Klaassen.
  9. The Fortunes of Faust” by Elizabeth M. Butler - Butler follows the magic tradition of the Magus—the priest-king—and its reformulation in the Christian world. In the process, the Magus was transformed into a wicked sorcerer who comes to a bad end in this world and a worse one hereafter. This conception, which gained ground in the Middle Ages, received its most categorical statement in the Faust legend.
  10. The Goetia of Dr. Rudd” by David Rankine & Stephen Skinner - The Goetia of Dr. Rudd explains how the 72 angels of the Shemhamphorash are used to evoke and safely bind demons—material that has not been made available in any previous edition. This rare volume contains a transcription of a hitherto unpublished manuscript of the Lemegeton and includes illustrations drawn from rare manuscripts held in the British Library.
  11. The Complete Magician’s Tables” by Stephen Skinner - The sources of this remarkable compilation range from classic grimoires such as the Sworn Book to modern theories of prime numbers and atomic weights. Data from Peter de Abano, Abbott Trithemium, Albertus Magnus, Cornelius Agrippa, and other prominent scholars is referenced here, in addition to hidden gems found in unpublished medieval grimoires and Kabbalistic works.
  12. The Keys to the Gateway of Magic: Summoning the Solomonic Archangels and Demon Princes” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - This classic text of the Nine Great Keys details the invocation of the Archangels, the full hierarchy of spiritual beings (including Olympic Spirits and Elementals) and the evocation of the four Demon Princes
  13. Three Books of Occult Philosophy” by Henry Cornelius Agrippa & edited by Donald Tyson - How magicians collect virtues from the three-fold World, is declared in these three books. Seeing there is a three-fold World, Elementary, Celestial, and Intellectual, and every inferior is governed by its superior. Indispensable.
  14. The Complete Picatrix: The Occult Classic Of Astrological Magic Liber Atratus” translated by John Michael Greer & Christopher Warnock - The Picatrix is the most famous grimoire of astrological magic and one of the most important works of medieval and Renaissance magic. With all four books of the Latin Picatrix complete in one volume, the Picatrix is an encyclopedic work with over 300 pages of Hermetic magical philosophy, ritual, talismanic and natural magic.
  15. Secrets of the Magical Grimoires Revealed” by Aaron Leitch - The magickal methods and esoteric knowledge of medieval Europe (476 to 1453 C.E.) form the ancestral backbone of modern ceremonial magick. To understand medieval magick, it’s necessary to know the primary repositories of this knowledge - the grimoires of spells, incantations, and ritual instructions for working with angels and conjuring spirits. And to understand the grimoires, you must delve into the life and times of the magicians who wrote them.
  16. The True Grimoire” by Jake Kent-Stratton - The True Grimoire is a major contribution to the practice and study of Goetic magic. The neglected Grimorium Verum has been restored to it's rightful place as a potent and coherent system of Goetic magic. Jake Stratton-Kent has reconstructed a working version from the corrupted Italian and French versions of this important grimoire.
  17. Geosophia: The Argo of Magic” by Jake Stratton-Kent - Geosophia traces the development of magic from the Greeks to the grimoires, laying bare the chthonic roots of goetic ritual. By exposing the necromantic origins of much of modern magic we are able to reconnect with the source of our ritual tradition. There is a continuity of practice in the West which encompasses the pre-Olympian cults of Dionysus and Cybele, is found in the Greek Magical Papyri and Picatrix and flows into the grimoires.
  18. "Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power" by Marvin W. Meyer & Richard Smith - This provocative collection of rites, spells, amulets, curses, and recipes of the early Coptic Christians documents Christianity as a living folk religion resembling other popular belief systems - something quite different from what theological and doctrinal traditions have led us to believe.
  19. Invoking Angels: Theurgic Ideas and Practices, Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries” edited by Claire Fanger - Bring0s together a tightly themed collection of essays on late medieval and early modern texts concerned with the role of angels in the cosmos, focusing on angelic rituals and spiritual cosmologies. Collectively, these essays tie medieval angel magic texts more clearly to medieval religion and to the better-known author-magicians of the early modern period.
  20. The Testament of Cyprian the Mage” by Jake Stratton-Kent - An ambitious and far-seeing work, addressing two ends of the magical spectrum: the Testament of Solomon and one version of the Iberian Book of Saint Cyprian. In doing so, key aspects of magical practice are revealed. This work draws upon these texts to create a clear understanding of the practice of grimoire magic, not as a discrete or degenerate subset of ceremonial magic, but one which is integrated with folk magic and witchcraft.
  21. Veritable Key of Solomon” by Stephen Skinner & David Rankine - Based on one of the best-known grimoires of the Western world, The Veritable Key of Solomon presents all aspects of this revered magical system in one impressive source.
  22. The Magical Treatise of Solomon, or Hygromanteia” by Ioannis Marathakis - The true source of the Key of Solomon, it is arguably the most significant magical text in the world. For the first time ever, this extraordinary work has been translated from the original Greek into English.
  23. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman World: A Sourcebook” by Daniel Ogden - Contains three hundred texts in new translations, along with brief but explicit commentaries. Alongside descriptions of sorcerers, witches, and ghosts in the works of ancient writers, it reproduces curse tablets, spells from ancient magical recipe books, and inscriptions from magical amulets.
  24. Ancient Jewish Magic: A History” by Gideon Bohak - Gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible.
  25. John Dee's Natural Philosophy: Between Science and Religion” by Nicholas Clulee - Thoroughly examining Dee’s natural philosophy, this book provides a balanced evaluation of his place, and the role of the occult, in sixteenth-century intellectual history. It brings together insights from a study of Dee’s writings, the available biographical material, and his sources as reflected in his extensive library and, more importantly, numerous surviving annotated volumes from it.
  26. Grimoires: A History of Magic Books” by Owen Davies - Put simply, grimoires are books of spells that were first recorded in the Ancient Middle East and which have developed and spread across much of the Western Hemisphere and beyond over the ensuing millennia. At their most benign, they contain charms and remedies for natural and supernatural ailments and advice on contacting spirits to help find treasures and protect from evil. But at their most sinister they provide instructions on how to manipulate people for corrupt purposes and, worst of all, to call up and make a pact with the Devil. Both types have proven remarkably resilient and adaptable and retain much of their relevance and fascination to this day.
  27. The Language of Demons and Angels: Cornelius Agrippa's Occult Philosophy” by Christopher I. Lehrich - The analysis walks the reader through the text of De Occulta Philosophia, Agrippa's 1533 masterpiece, explicating the often hidden structure and argument of the work.
  28. Thrice-Greatest Hermes; Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis” by G. R. S. Mead - Three Volumes bound into one. Volume contents are: Vol. 1. Prolegomena. -- Vol. 2. Sermons. -- Vol. 3. Excerpts and fragments.
  29. The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Pagan Mind” by Garth Fowden - Starting from the complex fusions and tensions that molded Graeco-Egyptian culture, and in particular Hermetism, during the centuries after Alexander, the author argues that the technical and philosophical Hermetica, apparently so different, might be seen as aspects of a single "way of Hermes".
  30. Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Topics of focus include the origin of the goes (the ritual practitioner who made interaction with the dead his specialty), the threat to the living presented by the ghosts of those who died dishonorably or prematurely, the development of Hecate into a mistress of ghosts and its connection to female rites of transition, and the complex nature of the Erinyes.
  31. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate's Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and Related Literature” by Sarah Illes Johnston - Hekate is best known to classicists and historians of religion as the horrific patroness of witches. But from the Hellenistic age onward, some Greek and Roman philosophers and magicians portrayed her quite differently.
  32. Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World” edited by Paul Mirecki and Marvin Meyer.
  33. Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy” edited by V. Rees, Michael J. B. Allen & Valery Rees - This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the great Florentine scholar, philosopher and priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism and whose long-lasting influence on philosophy, love and music theory, medicine and magic extended across Europe.
  34. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe” edited by William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - Shows the many ways in which astrology and alchemy diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past.
  35. Trithemius and Magical Theology: A Chapter in the Controversy over Occult Studies in Early Modern Europe” by Noel L. Brann - This is a very useful, exciting and informative text for those interested in the philosophy and theology behind Renaissance Magic. Mentor to Agrippa, pioneer of cryptography, Trithemius is one of the most important (and well-placed in Church history) yet difficult to understand of the great Renaissance writers on magic, and this book provides a detailed but readable introduction to his views on the subject.
  36. John Dee's Conversations with Angels” by Deborah E. Harkness - John Dee's angel conversations have been an enigmatic facet of Elizabethan England's most famous natural philosopher's life and work. Professor Harkness contextualizes Dee's angel conversations within the natural philosophical, religious and social contexts of his time. She argues that they represent a continuing development of John Dee's earlier concerns and interests. These conversations include discussions of the natural world, the practice of natural philosophy, and the apocalypse.
  37. John Dee's Occultism: Magical Exaltation Through Powerful Signs” by Gyorgy E. Szonyi - Presents an analysis of Renaissance occultism and its place in the chronology of European cultural history. Culling examples of "magical thinking" from classical, medieval, and Renaissance philosophers, Szonyi revisits the body of Dee's own scientific and spiritual writings as reflective sources of traditional mysticism.
  38. The Arch Conjuror of England: John Dee” by Glyn Parry - Explores Dee’s vast array of political, magical, and scientific writings and finds that they cast significant new light on policy struggles in the Elizabethan court, conservative attacks on magic, and Europe's religious wars. John Dee was more than just a fringe magus, Parry shows Dee was a major figure of the Reformation and Renaissance.
  39. The Eternal Hermes: From Greek God to Alchemical Magus” by Antoine Favre - Drawing upon rare books and manuscripts, this highly illustrated work explores the question of where Hermes Trismegistus came from how he came to be a patron of the esoteric traditions and how the figure of Hermes has remained lively and inspiring to our own day.
  40. Glamorous Sorcery: Magic and Literacy in the High Middle Ages” by David Rollo - Demonstrates how closely interconnected certain types of vernacular and Latin writing were in this period. Uncovered through a series of illuminating, incisive, and often surprising close readings, these connections give us a new, more complex appraisal of the relationship between literacy, social status, and political power in a time and place in which various languages competed for cultural sovereignty-at a critical juncture in the cultural history of the West.
  41. Unlocked Books: Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe” by Benedek Láng - During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in “magician schools” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo.
  42. The History of Magic and Experimental Science” by Lynn Thorndike.
  43. The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice” by Robert K. Ritner - This study represents the first critical examination of "magical techniques," revealing their widespread appearance and pivotal significance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest periods through the Coptic era, influencing as well the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri.
  44. Eternal Egypt: Ancient Rituals for the Modern World” by Richard J. Reidy - The first comprehensive collection of important temple rituals performed throughout Egypt during the time of the pharaohs. The author presents seven key rites from official temple records and ancient esoteric texts for personal or group use.
  45. Arguing With Angels” by Egil Asprem - Examining this magical system from its Renaissance origins to present day occultism, Egil Asprem shows how the reception of Dee’s magic is replete with struggles to construct and negotiate authoritative interpretational frameworks for doing magic. Arguing with Angels offers a novel, nuanced approach to questions about how ritual magic has survived the advent of modernity and demonstrates the ways in which modern culture has recreated magical discourse.
  46. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism” by Wouter J. Hanegraaff - This is the first comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, it provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19th-century Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement.
  47. The Alchemy of Light: Geometry and Optics in Late Renaissance Alchemical Illustration” by Ursula Szulakowska - This study concerns the late Renaissance metaphysics of light in its adoption to a Paracelsian alchemical context by John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Michael Maier and Robert Fludd. he volume includes 50 illustrations from alchemical treatises of the period, the emphasis being placed on Khunrath's "Amphiteatrum Sapientiea Aeternae" (1595-1609). The study investigates these images using analytical tools drawn from semiotics, structuralism and post-structuralism.
  48. Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus” by Gregory Shaw - A study of Iamblichus of Syria (ca. 240-325), whose teachings set the final form of pagan spirituality prior to the Christianization of the Roman Empire. Shaw focuses on the theory and practice of theurgy, the most controversial and significant aspect of Iamblichus's Platonism.
  49. Platonic Theology, Volume 1: Books I-IV” by Marsilio Ficino, edited by James Hankins - A visionary work and philosophical masterpiece of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus who was largely responsible for the Renaissance revival of Plato. A student of the Neoplatonic schools of Plotinus and Proclus, Ficino was committed to reconciling Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that such a reconciliation would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age. This is one of the keys to understanding the art, thought, culture, and spirituality of the Renaissance.
  50. Giordano Bruno and Renaissance Science” by Hilary Gatti - This argument, associated with the work of Frances Yates, holds that early modern science was impregnated with and shaped by Hermetic and occult traditions, and has led scholars to view Bruno primarily as a magus.
  51. De Umbris Idearum” (The Collected Works of Giordano Bruno, Book 1)” by Giordano Bruno, edited by Scott Gosnell - To memorize anything, distribute vivid, emotionally stirring imagined images around a piece of familiar architecture. This is the method of loci, or memory palace method, first developed in classical antiquity.
  52. "Hermes: Guide of Souls" by Karl Kerenyi, translated by Murray Stein - Presents an authoritative study of the great god Hermes whom the Greeks revered as the Guides of Souls as well as the complex role of Hermes in classical mythology.
  53. Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets” by Fritz Graf and Sarah Illes Johnston - Fascinating texts written on small gold tablets that were deposited in graves provide a unique source of information about what some Greeks and Romans believed regarding the fate that awaited them after death, and how they could influence it. These texts, dating from the late fifth century BCE to the second century CE, have been part of the scholarly debate on ancient afterlife beliefs since the end of the nineteenth century. The tablets belonged to those who had been initiated into the mysteries of Dionysus Bacchius and relied heavily upon myths narrated in poems ascribed to the mythical singer Orpheus.
  54. Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World” by Matthew W. Dickie - This study is the first to assemble the evidence for the existence of sorcerors in the ancient world; it also addresses the question of their identity and social origins. The resulting investigation takes us to the underside of Greek and Roman society, into a world of wandering holy men and women, conjurors and wonder-workers, and into the lives of prostitutes, procuresses, charioteers and theatrical performers.

Further Resources
PDF’s:
Seeing The Word: John Dee and Renaissance Occultism” by Hakan Hakannson http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Seeing+the+Word%3A+John+Dee+and+Renaissance+Occultism.+.-a099012024

Miscellaneous Articles:
Khunrath by Peter Forshaw
http://uva.academia.edu/PeterForshaw
Enoch Traditions by Andrei Orlov
http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/metatronyouth.html
Hermes, Proclus, and the Question of A Philosophy of Magic in the Renaissance by Copenhaver

Websites & Blogs:
Brian P. Copenhaver
http://www.cmrs.ucla.edu/brian/index.htm
Claire Fanger:
http://rice.academia.edu/ClaireFanger
Wouter J. Hanegraaff: http://uva.academia.edu/WouterHanegraaff
The Ritman Library
https://www.youtube.com/useTheRitmanLibrary/videos

Scholarly Journals:
Dionysius
http://www.dal.ca/faculty/arts/classics/journals/dionysius.html
Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism
http://www.brill.com/aries
Copyright www.molochsorcery.com All Rights Reserved
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2020.09.02 20:34 leftyghost Texas School Outbreak Megathread Continued (Public Districts L-Z and Private Schools)

La Porte ISD at College Park Elementary + La Porte Junior High faculty
Lake Dallas ISD student
Lake Travis ISD 6 cases
Lake Worth ISD at Miller Elementary employee
Lamar CISD 65+ staff at Foster High school + Frost Elementary + A couple more students at George Ranch High School + 3 at Meyer Elementary Aug 31
Lampasas ISD 28 cumulative Gold Star for having a Dashboard
Latexo ISD at Latexo Elementary and High School
Lazbuddie ISD football player
Leander ISD 34 employees also Winkley Elementary teacher dies of covid-19, possible - not completely confirmed also Leander ISD child nutrition services faculty member dies of covid-19 Aug 19th Cases at Rouse High School Sept 14
Liberty Hill ISD staff at Rancho Sienna Elementary
Lindale ISD "several confirmed cases" at Velma Penny Elementary so the school is shutting down for 2 weeks starting Aug 26
Lipan ISD "multiple staff and students"
Lockney ISD staff
Longview ISD students at Foster Middle School + Ned Williams Elementary + 15 Students in August Gold Star for new Dashboard + 58 Cases since Fall Semester Started
Lubbock ISD staff and student over the summer + new cases after reopening Aug 17 + at Honey Elementary - not shutting down despite exposure + Guadalupe Middle + Cases at 5 campuses Aug 21 - Estacado High School, Coronado High School, Smith Elementary School, Wester Elementary School and Roscoe Wilson Elementary School
Lufkin ISD 2 confirmed, 384 quarantined Sept 17 Gold Star for having a Dashboard
Magnolia ISD at Magnolia High School, + now with Gold Star Dashboard with 24 cumulative since Aug 12
Mansfield ISD 15 staff and students
Mason High School coach tests positive + A student at Mason Elementary Aug 25
Manor ISD staff at Manor High School
Marshall ISD student at Marshall Early Childhood Center, 14 students now quarantined also a Student at Marshall High School Aug19 and District transportation Staff Aug17
McLeod ISD students at elementary campus since school started back up Aug 14
Mesquite ISD at Poteet school official
McMullen County ISD 2 students
Midland ISD 38+ staff at Jane Long Elementary + Alamo Junior High + Lee Freshman + San Jacinto Junior High + Midland High + Central Office + Bunche Elementary + Coleman High + Rusk Elementary + Pease Elementary + Emerson Elementary + Lamar Elementary + Greathouse Elementary + Lee Senior High + Scharbauer Elementary + School Plant + De Zavala Elementary + Bowie Elementary
Midway ISD Woodway Elementary Principal quarantined after staff test positive Aug 21 also earlier this spring Principal at River Valley Elementary and Students over the summer also 2 Midway High School Students Aug 28 triggering quarantine for "several dozen high school students" - Midway ISD now has a Dashboard showing 8 active
Mineola ISD Mineola High School staff member + Junior High Staff Member + entire volleyball team quarantined + Student and Teacher Aug 26 at Mineola Elementary
Montgomery ISD Principal survives 51 days in hospital
Mount Vernon ISD 2 High School Students Aug 24
Nacogdoches ISD band student at Nacogdoches High School
Navarro ISD 23+ staff and students
Needville ISD one student at Needville Junior High one at Needville High School
New Deal ISD staff
Northside ISD Leon Valley Elementary employee dies of Covid-19 also 2 staff at John Jay High also 11 active Sept 2 and 112 cumulative since May and New cases Sept 10 at Oliver Wendell Holmes High School + Cases at Rita Kay Driggers Elementary Sept 14 + Cases at William Howard Taft High School Sept 16 + Cases at O'Conner High School Sept 16
North East ISD staff at Las Lomas Elementary + Longs Creek Elementary + custodians at Roan Forest Elementary + staff at Harris Middle School and Wood Middle School
North Lamar ISD staff
Ore City ISD student - two second grade classes now quarantined
Overton ISD employee
Richardson ISD 7 student athletes after 2 weeks of workouts Aug 23
River Road ISD student at River Road High School Sept 1 + 11 cases confirmed by Sept 16
Palestine ISD 2 student athletes at Palestine High School
Paris ISD staff at Paris High School
Pflugerville ISD employee
Pine Tree ISD staff at Pine Tree Middle School + additional Staff and student at Pine Tree Junior High Aug 24
Plano ISD staff Clark High School + student outbreak during summer school at Davis Elementary + a Student at Jasper High School Aug 23
Pleasant Grove staff
Pleasanton ISD student athlete
Port Neches-Groves ISD Teachers
Prosper ISD at 3 cases Hughes Elementary and Hays Middle School and School district administration
Queen City ISD outbreak among staff and students, school closing for a week Sept 16
Ranger ISD 3 Teachers
Red Oak ISD students at Red Oak High School and Red Oak Middle School
Redwater ISD student at Redwater High
Richardson ISD 7 students at Lake Highlands High School Aug 23 after 2 weeks of athletic workouts
Rockwall ISD students + Rockwall High school resource officer dies of covid-19
Rochelle ISD students
Round Rock ISD 24 employees
Saltillo ISD employee
San Angelo ISD staff at San Jacinto Elementary
San Antonio ISD Special Education Teacher at Ogden Academy his died of Covid-19 also San Antonio ISD Will Rogers Academy teacher dies of Covid-19
San Diego ISD staff
Sherman ISD 3 active staff 6 active cases students Sept 2Gold Star Dashboard
Skidmore-Tynan ISD students
Snyder High School students
Spring Hill ISD Staff
Spur ISD Multiple teachers and students aug 23 - going completely online for 2 weeks
Sulphur Springs ISD 5 staff also at Barbara Bush Primary
Sweetwater High School student
Taft ISD Football player
Terrell ISD student and Gilbert Willie Elementary staff
Texarkana ISD
Timpson ISD and 7 more positive cases Sept 9
Thrall ISD at Thrall Middle School
Trinity ISD Coach and Student
Troupe ISD students at Troupe High School
Tyler ISD at Legacy High School on campus when it opened August 19th + now at Rice Elementary on Aug 21 + Case at Rise Academy Sept 9 + Case at Tyler High School Sept 10 + 2 new cases Sept 8 and Sept 16 at Legacy High + 2 Cases at Moore MST Magnet School Sept 9 and Sept 16 + Case at Hubbard Middle School Sept 14 + Case Sept 16 at Birdwell Dual Language Elementary + Case Sept 10 at Bonner Elementary + Case Sept 13 at Griffin Elementary + Case Sept 17 at Orr Elementary + Case Sept 14 at Peete Elementary + Case Sept 8 at Ramey Elementary + 2 Cases Sept 10 and 11th at Rice Elementary good notadashboard New Covid Tracking page
United ISD cases at Zaffirini Elementary School Sept 15, class quarantined
Uvalde ISD at Uvalde High School 1 student athlete last week, but players did not quarantine so now more of them testing positive
Verbiest ISD 4 staff and students
Wolfe City ISD 3 staff
Waco ISD Middle School Principal dies this spring of covid-19
Willis ISD 2 cases at Meador Elementary Aug 25th
Windthorst ISD student since starting back on Aug 17th
Winnsboro ISD 2 students Aug 24 at Winnsboro Elementary School and Memorial Intermediate School
Wichita Falls ISD staff at Scotland Park Elementary and Cunningham Elementary Sept 3 + Staff at McNiel Middle School Sept 8 + Ryder High student Sept 4
White Oak ISD High School Closing until Sept 9 due to multiple cases
Whitney ISD student on Aug 21
Wylie ISD staff at Draper Intermediate + Davis Intermediate + Burnett Junior High + new cases Aug 19 at Birmingham Elementary + Cox Elementary School + New cases at Wylie East Junior High Sept 14
Zavalla ISD positive case on campus Aug 24
Private Schools with confirmed cases
Ascension Academy students Aug 24
Donna Shepard Leadership Academy staff
East Texas Montessori Prep Academy student
Incarnate Word High School teacher dies of Covid-19
SFA Charter School student
Anyone who wishes to offer support for keeping up with this project can support the Patreon here
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2020.08.28 17:18 EricaShmericaOFF Happily Ever After, Episode 13 Recap

Yeah its long...
Angela & Michael: After Angela Ubered off into the Nigerian night last week, Aunt Lydia questioned if Michael was prepared to tolerate outbursts like this from his wife (Here’s your late pass from the last 3 years, Aunt Lydia). He assured her of his ability to handle Angela, as he set off driving back to their apartment, nervously gripping his fake Louis Vuitton steering wheel cover the entire way, knowing what awaited him. He found Angela in the apartment sitting in the kitchen wearing one of her sensible toting camisole tops, waiting for her prey to arrive. She wasted no time letting Michael have it, giving him the hard facts that she will NOT be anyone’s submissive wife. Michael persistently tried to calm her rage, even using a quiet tone and trying to talk through the angry fury raining down upon him, but no such luck. For those that could only see the fight as a bunch of yelling, the meat of it was this; Michael has been agreeing with Angela all along that they will be (whatever Angela considers to be) equal partners in their marriage, but also telling his family that he will be the head of the household/She will be the submissive wife. I’m sure given the Facebook courtship, the age difference, and the fact that Michael once did the bj forreal all have been stored in Angela’s internal hard drive, so any discrepancies shown on Michael’s part are met with a category 5 Hurricane Angela. Combine that with the struggle over leaving her gravely ill mother at home to be on “Bridezillas- Nigeria” (which she didn’t want to do in the first place), and it’s the recipe for the perfect storm. Some of the screaming highlights included “there’s only one person I bow down to and that’s Jesus” (who’s up in Heaven, dropping his mic right about now…). I would appreciate it if Dr. Pettigrew would recheck Angela’s blood pressure at this point, as I’m not so sure if it would be as perfect. Michael followed Angela from the initial fight location of the kitchen, to the bedroom where the door was slammed in his face. Michael really does deserve some bowing down, as he has had the patience of a Saint, ignoring all of the yelling and has shown dogged determination to get through to his non-submissive fiance. Each time the camera showed Michael he appeared to have aged, and lost an article of clothing. The following morning, Angela had started to slip out of her Hulk mode, and actually listened to Michael as he claimed that he would tell his family he was choosing the least submissive wife ever. Only caring about Michael’s Mother’s opinion, she invited Mama Michael over, along with a neutral third party translator to make sure Mama officially approved of their marriage, and to make sure Michael wasn’t pulling any fast ones over on her. Angela was looking very put together in her black top and coordinating headband, complimented by her matching gold chain/rhinestone lips necklace and earrings set from Rainbow. (I am loving all of her “love” themed jewelry this season). Mama showed up looking fabulous as ever in her pink outfit and headpiece. Angela started the conversation, welcoming Mama and making sure she was okay with the fact that she had no intentions of, and I quote, “Kissing Michael’s ass”. Mama agreed, and even continued on to give them her blessing for marriage. After that meeting went so well, Michael asked Angela what today’s wedding status would be, and she said “Game On”. Looks like my toaster might actually have a forever home! (That is, until production set up poor Michael once again for a beat down. Looks like next week there are female strippers at a joint bachelobachelorette party. I hope Michael is wearing a protective cup.)
Elizabeth & Undrrrrei: The lackluster apology at the war museum must have had an impact last week, because Elizabeth and Undrrrei were all smiles as they headed to the airport yet again to pick up Mother Elizabeth, her poor unsuspecting surprise husband, and sister Jen.(It’s kind of crazy that this is the first we are hearing about Elizabeth’s parents being divorced, and there’s a stepfather in the picture. Maybe the poor guy didn’t want to be pulled into the 90 Day circus? Well, welcome aboard!) Sister Jen decided she was going to pretend Moldova was France, as she sported her black beret and made a face like she was smelling stinky cheese as soon as she landed (which is actually a possibility). The Family Elizabeth all went back to the AirBNB owned by the heir to the Oscar Meyer corporation, where Undrrrei’s mom had prepared a feast. There was pig fat and festive finger foods; it was truly a tempting shmear. She is bold with her cooking and even more bold with her mixing of patterns for her outfit. Both families from near and far seemed to be getting along well and everyone was on their best behavior. The next morning, Jen and Mother Elizabeth were hating on their first breakfast in Moldy-O, which really seemed to be nothing more than some Folgers, croissants and grapes. Elder Chuck mentioned it was like eating “peasant food”, though in fairy tales, most peasants eat crumbs, not meat jello. Get your facts straight, Chuckles! The Chucks bring the ladies up to speed on the latest Undrrrei drama, and they are appalled. The smartest one of this bunch is the newly introduced Stepfather who chose to stay in bed for this conversation (and hopefully brought a granola bar that he doesn’t intend to share). Next on the agenda, Libby, Jen, their mother, and sister in law Inna all went shopping at a traditional Moldovan dress shop to find an outfit for Libby to wear to her ceremony. I’m not going to lie… I thought the dresses would be made out of cold cuts, but they were actually pretty cute (and would ironically be considered “peasant tops”). While Elizabeth was busy in the fitting room, Jen, Mother Elizabeth and Sister in Law Inna had a chance to gossip about what a jerk Undrrrei is. They had to use a translator app as well as a sales girl to relay their questions and information back and forth. Inna admitted to not being “team Undrrrei”, as she had previously had her own “beef” with Undrrrrei (In Moldova, when you fight, you always refer to it as having “beef”). All of the ladies concluded that they don’t know how Libby can put up with Undrrrei and his “fots”. Of course Elizabeth pops out of the fitting room in her “peasant” attire, pissed off that they are all talking about her husband-to-be-again, and defending her decision to have left with Undrrrei after family fight night. It feels like all of this ridiculousness is just a build up to more anticlimactic drama for next week. And now I’m in the mood for bologna….
Kalani & Asuelu: Kalani put on her game face as she strutted down the pier for the big meet with the two money hungry thugs, aka her Mother and Sister in Law. She tried to explain that she and Asuelu did not have extra money to support his mother, though they do give to her when they can. Of course this wasn’t good enough for Asuelu’s dear old mom, as well as his sister Tammy (who was giving off a little Samoan Rosie Perez vibes), as they accused Kalani of not being “Sam-wan” enough, brainwashing Asuelu, and even tormenting him with her pregnancy. His mother may have also sealed her fate as becoming the most hated mom of the series (surpassing Debbie, Mother Pedro, and even Mother Chantal herself) when she blatantly said that she didn’t care about the kids, she just wants to harvest the American dollar. She even suggested that maybe Asuelu should move back to Sam-wa and work so he could once again give her all of his money. Kalani had finally had enough of the great Samoan Shakedown, so she decided to leave in tears, with Tammy trailing behind, threatening to beat her up. The whole thing seemed extremely scripted, except Kalani seemed genuinely upset. (Also, I may be wrong, but I thought I remembered Asuelu once saying he was one of like 10 children. So is he the top earner of his family??? Shouldn’t his mother have a few other kids she could be shaking down? I mean if they all pitch in like $1 they can get her a bottle of John Frieda Frizz Ease for both her head and mustache..) Back at the house, Kalani fills Asuelu in on the meeting, and how his mother and sister basically only care about money, even more than the kids. Asuelu seems to agree that they are in fact crazy and seems like he is team Kalani all the way….. That is until Kalani mentions that his family are assholes, and that his sister should be glad she didn’t attempt to beat her up, since if Tammy would have touched her body, she would have “dropped her…period”. This is when the conversation veered left, and Asuelu seemed more concerned with who would win in a fight between his wife and sister than the actual moral of the story. She left the room feeling defeated, while Asuelu cursed at her, once again. (If we say Kalani’s father’s name 3 times, do you think he would appear?? We need Low, stat!!) Kalani is feeling hopeless, and confides in her sister Kolini, who advises her to stop wasting her energy on someone who isn’t willing to be supportive, and who is only trying to place bets on her fighting abilities. Poor Kalani… period.
Colt-ee & Debbie & Jess via satellite: Colt-ee was showing us a little thigh action AGAIN this week, just to keep everyone’s gag reflexes in check. Nothing much really happened with these two jigglypuffs, it was more about setting up the scene for next week when Jess arrives in Vegas to visit. It appears that since his Brazilian tour, Colt-ee has been caught lying yet again to Jess and their relationship has been on and off ever since. Jess explains that she needs Colt to stop lying to her, and also to stop calling her his little “boo-buh” (I actually need him to stop doing that. What the hell was that!). He told Jess she could stay at the house in his bedroom, which of course is going to give Debbie major Larissa flashbacks, especially once Jess reacts to Colt-ee’s confession that he’s been talking to other girls in the interim of their 3000 breakups per week. Please, if you or someone you know speaks romantically to Colt-ee, hoping to be his next “Boo-buh”, send me their number. We can get them the help they need. Colt took Debbie on a day date to some place with these amazing ice cream concoctions to discuss the current state of the Colt/Jess relationship. I tried to concentrate on what they were saying, but the ice cream was honestly way more interesting. It seemed like Colt-ee told Debbie that though their relationship has its “ups and downs” he still wants to pursue things with Jess by having her come visit Las Vegas. Debbie is not thrilled, and probably is already planning another bomb to drop for next week. That ice cream though…
Tania & Cinnamon: Synergy’s family all came together for a “braai”, or South African Barbeque. Everyone is enjoying each other’s company (well, not Tania’s company, but everyone else’s), and Syringe brings up wanting to buy property in South Africa. This of course sets Tania off on a tear, mentioning how she doesn’t want to have little Tanios or Taniyettes in South Africa, since she feels there is a lot of racism there and prefers her multicultural upbringing in the sheds of Connecticut. Of course she is saying all of this out loud in front of Synergy’s South African family, in South Africa, shoveling South African food down her gullet… Cinnamon counters her points by mentioning that he’s not even sure if he wants kids, which just about made Tania’s head fall off. She started yelling, crying, saying that Synonym has no direction and it’s unfair to her that he doesn’t have goals. One might bring up the fact that when you meet a barefoot bartender on vacation who isn’t sure he wants to have kids and is torn between the career options of fireman, actor, or opera singer and is cool with living in a shed as long as he can day-drink in a bathrobe, he is not exactly a “5 year plan” type of guy (Unless her goal was to live out the plot to the movie “Cocktails”. In which case, carry on). Tania was so upset with Syngerella that she got up and hobbled off, leaving him to awkwardly apologize to his family for the weird tension. But fear not, she returned a minute later, trying to have the last word and make Cinnabon feel like everything was his fault, but in reality she had just forgotten to take her plate of food with her the first time she left. (Most people eat their feelings AFTER something happens, not during. But you know how Tania likes to do things no one expects…. ) Cinnamon’s family acknowledged that he is a bit of a dreamer and noncommittal, but they also are all in agreement that Tania is waaay too much.His brother was sitting there looking like a shell shocked Kenny G and a pirate just had a baby who had knee surgery, while his sister was now terrified of the idea of marriage altogether. Syncinatti went into the bedroom to find Tania shoveling steak into her mouth hole while she sulked. She copped a major attitude, as she explained that she was the only reason he made it to the U.S. (which was never a goal of his in the first place..especially since he has none), and explained that she has wasted 2 precious years (well, 1 year and a few months… the other months she was in Costa Rica) hoping he would pick a direction. We get it, Tania… you want your kids to have his fabulous hair, you just have to come to terms with the fact that you married the South African version of “the Dude” from “The Big Lebowski”. Synergy finally had enough, and decided to grab his beer and go, but not before the cameras panned to his feet, which were completely black from his “free spirit” way of life, that is also free of wearing shoes. Hopefully the universe will point Cinnabon to one of my suggestions on how to ditch Tania, and then to get a pedicure.
Larissa-ee: I have noticed that production likes to reuse story lines, such as having Larissa and Eric-ee go furniture shopping, just like they already had Larissa couch shopping once before with Debbie (I’ll bet Larissa is really jealous of Colt-ee’s chic-ee “realtree” couch….) I could understand her desire to want to spruce up Eric-ee’s dorm room decor, but they could at least have hit up Ikea, instead of jumping from the free section of Craigslist straight to an $11,000 couch. Larissa used the furniture store as an opening to discuss how “cheap-ee” Eric has been, and how she would like to borrow money for a boob job (and a nose job, tummy tuck etc. But let’s talk boob job-ee first). She claims to be unhappy with her original parts and would like to get a tune up. Eric-ee agrees to loan her the money (plus interest, hopefully at a fixed percentage rate) and she promised he would not regret it. Next we see these two back in their joint living quarters discussing (with many hand motions) the boob-ee situation again. Larissa explains this enhancement will help her build confidence and hopefully entice him to propose, which was a new development. Eric-ee suspected that she could possibly be making all of these adjustments to throw her new life in Colt-ee’s face, though she claims to just want to be an “angus steak” in a world full of ground sirloins (watch out for Tania,she was on a steak bender this entire episode).
Pol & Kreeknee: Missing this week were Pol and Kreeknee who were off chasing each other around somewhere and making awkward Cameos.
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2020.08.21 05:58 Flamefang92 Kaiserreich Beta 0.14 - 'A Duke and his Hertzog

Here’s 0.14 ‘The Duke and the Hertzog’, less than a month after our last release! This has to be one of the fastest, if not the fastest, development turnarounds we’ve had in the past three years. So as always, big thanks to the team and their hard work! We can’t guarantee such a rapid release schedule in the future, we are after all a group of volunteers working in our spare time, but we’d like to think this represents just how much our standards and practices have improved as a team. Enjoy!
- The KR4 team
Changes
New Focus Trees
Reworked/Expanded Focus Trees
New Events
New Decisions
New Custom Country Paths
GFX
New portraits for:
Austria: Eugen von Habsburg-Lothringen
British Isles: Charles III, Hugh Gaitskell, John MacCormick, Compton Mackenzie, Council of Scotland, Clement Davies, Lewis Valentine, Saunders Lewis, Douglas Young, Franz Von Bayern/Francis I
Burma: Ba Swe, Council of Burma, Kodaw Hmaing, Po Hla Gyi, U Ba Pe, Saya San Germany: Alfred Hugenberg
Indochina: Bui Quang Chieu
Russia/RSTransamur: Andrey Vlasov, Arseniy Golovko, Boris Shaposhnikov, Dmitriy Pavlovich Romanov, Grigoriy Semyenov, Grigoriy Semyonov, Ivan Konev, Ivan Romanovskiy, Kirill Meretskov, Lavr Kornilov, Mikhail Frunze, Mikhail Levitov, Mikhail Tukhachevskiy, Nikolay Berzarin, Nikolay Bukharin, Nikolay Bukharin, Nikolay Vatutin, Pavel Shatilov, Semyon Timoshenko, Vasiliy Kuznetsov, Vladimir Kappel, Vladimir Manshteyn, Vladimir Tolstov, Vladimir Tolstov, Vladimir Vitkovskiy
Spain: Alejandro Lerroux García, Bibiano Fernández Osorio y Tafall, Domingo Batet i Mestres, Emilio Herrera Linares, Francisco Largo Caballero, Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, José Riquelme y López Bago
Ukraine: Ivan Poltavets-Ostrianytsia, Konstantin Prisovsky, Mykola Kapustyanski, Yevhen Konovalets
USA: Charles McNary
Vietnam: Bao Dai
Music Mod
Mapping
Miscellaneous
Incomplete Content
Fixes
Notable Fixes
Other Fixes
We hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich as much as we did making it!
- The KR4 Team: Alpinia, Arvidus, Augenis, Blackfalcon501, DSFDarker, Carmain, Dr. Njitram, Drozdovite, Edouard Saladier, Éloïse, Eragaxshim, Fbruchmueller, Flamefang, Fort, JazzyHugh, Jeankedezeehond, Jonjon428, Jonny BL, Krco, Liegnitz, Maltesefalcon, Matoro, NukeGaming, OperationsManagementDecisions, PPsyrius, Pietrus, Rei VL, Rylock, SPQR, Starguard, Telcontar101, The Alpha Dog, Thomahawk2k, Vidyaország, WordZero, Yard1, Zankoas and Zimbabwe Salt Co.
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